Josignacio

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Josignacio
Artist Josignacio in his Miami studio.jpg
Jose Ignacio Sanchez Rius
Born (1963-10-24) 24 October 1963 (age 54)
Havana, Cuba
Nationality Cuban
Known for Abstract Expressionism, Abstract art, Painting
Notable work The 3 O'clock, Red Fish, The Virtual Key, Rhapsody Blue, Plastic Paint Medium
Movement Contemporary art "Cuban Generation of the 80's"
Awards Hortt38 Best In Show, 1st Place in EVMCC '79 and '80

José Ignacio Sánchez Rius, better known as Josignacio, is a contemporary Cuban artist who is associated with neo-figurative and abstract painting.

Born in Havana, Cuba, on October 24, 1963, he has resided in the USA since 1989. Josignacio is one of the artists of the controversial "La Generacion de los 80"[1] The 80's Generation[2] Contemporary Cuban Art or New Cuban Art is a movement within the Cuban plastic arts that develops from the 80s, they express as no manifestation of conscience, many burning issues of the reality of the country. A new attitude towards art is established, a moment of artistic inspiration in which the social role of art and its reflection of a critical self-awareness constitute the fundamental sense of the movement[3] The decade of the 80's culturally contrasted a Cuba that was in a process of transition, confrontation and artistic revelations that consecrated the time as one of the most fertile. And those artists that get notoriety in the Island and abroad at that time, which includes Florencio Gelabert (sculptor), José Bedia Valdés, Rigoberto Mena, Humberto Castro, Gustavo Acosta, Kcho, de:Ricardo Brey, Antonio Eligio Fernandez (Tonel), Rubén Torres Llorca, Arturo Cuenca, Adriano Buergo, Rogelio López Marin (Gory), Gustavo Pérez Monzón, Ana Albertina Delgado Álvarez, Flavio Garciandía, José Manuel Fors, Tania Bruguera, Juan Francisco Elso, Ciro Quintana, Carlos Rodríguez Cárdenas, Quisqueya Henríquez, Leandro Soto Ortiz, Glexis Novoa, José Toirac, Tomás Sánchez, Segundo Planes and Pedro Vizcaíno among others. Some of his artwork are available on display at artnet.

In 1984, he created the Plastic Paint Medium, a technique consisting of the use of epoxy resins as an "agglutinating medium" and "pigment" as colorants, obtaining a real plastic finish with a new visual effect.

Josignacio resides in Sunny Isles Beach, Florida.

Early life[edit]

As a child a number of well known artists who were family friends visited his household, such as Roberto Fabelo, René Portocarrero, Amelia Peláez, Felipe López, Mariano Rodriguez "El Gallego Posada" and Gilberto Marino, many of whom gave Josignacio art lessons. In 1983 passed the admissions test at the Instituto Superior de Arte (ISA) however before attending Josignacio shaved his head, when he came to school to attend the Dean banned him from the premises and from attending because they interpreted his head shaving as protest against the government.

In 1984 working as a helping hand for Martinez Anay and Andres Ugalde in the making of a big mural painting for the Military Patriotic Educational Society known as Sociedad de Educación Patriótico-Militar (SEPMI) (the Cuban version of the Boy Scouts). This agency had been directed by Cuban Cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez. It was during this time Josignacio discovered that mixing epoxy resin with oil paintings was an excellent medium to paint with.

This new medium took him two years to develop and master. When he was ready his Uncle Gerardo got him his first personal exhibition at the Artistic and Literary Lyceum of the city of Regla on March 2, 1987. This was the first time that a complete paintings exhibition was made with only the plastic paint medium and had been displayed worldwide.

In 1988, Josignacio as a member of the "Asociación Hermanos Saíz" was commissioned by their directives to make the design of one of the Havana Carnival's Floats.[4] As soon as he finished the design, he presented it to the commission and they canceled him arguing that they needed to give the Float design to another Cuban painter, Manuel Mendive; the reason was that in Miami one of Mendive's paintings titled "El Pavo Real" had been burned[5] by an anti-Castro militant a member of the Bay of Pigs Brigade 2506 and at that moment was necessary to give the revolution's support to the victim artist.

Since then his artwork had been on display at more than 20 exhibitions before finally being invited to exhibit his art in Mexico City on May 10, 1989.

With no explanation being given to him, all his planned shows at The Gallery of the National Auditorium and Los Talleres de Coyoacán were cancelled by orders of the Cuban embassy in Mexico City. After this turning point, he made the decision to come to the USA on September 14, 1989 and has resided there since then. Josignacio is an American Citizen.

Influences[edit]

The Cuban abstract art have been very scarce or considerable silenced[6] after 1960 and most of the abstract artists were very influenced by the cubism movement (which wasn’t of much interest by Josignacio) and two groups were formed in the late 50’s, one Los Once[7] (The Eleven) where the most prominent trends were the Informalism or Art Informel and concrete abstraction. The most outstanding figures of this abstract current joined in the group Los Once, as they were called by the initial number of participants which were formed by and they were: fr:Guido Llinás, Hugo Consuegra, es:René Salusitano Ávila Valdéz, Antonio Vidal Fernández, Viredo Espinosa, Fayad Jamís, Tomás Oliva, Agustín Cárdenas, es: José Antonio Díaz Peláez, Francisco Antigua, es: José Ignacio Bermúdez Vázquez and es:Diez Pintores Concretos (Ten Concrete Painters) whom were a radical group formed in Havana, Cuba in 1958, devoted to geometric abstraction. The Ten was formalized as a group in 1959 with its inaugural exhibition entitled “10 concrete painters exhibit paintings and drawings”, organized on the occasion of the second anniversary of the Color Light Art Gallery, a space managed by artists co-founded by Dolores Soldevilla Nieto and his partner Pedro de Oraá in 1957 to promote abstract art in Havana and was integrated by Pedro Carmelo Alvarez López, Mario Carreño Morales, Wilfredo Arcay Ochandarena, Salvador Corratgé, es:Sandú Darié Laver, Luis Martínez Pedro, Alberto Menocal, es:José Mijares (artista), Pedro de Oraá, José Ángel Rosabal Fajardo, Dolores Soldevilla Nieto and Rafael Soriano. These artists briefly called themselves Los Diez Pintores Concretos — the 10 Concrete Painters — or, simply, Los Diez, the 10. Formally, their collective had a short life, 1959–61, and showed together as a group only three times. It was the culmination of nearly a decade of work, friendships, writing, lectures, sojourns and shows in Paris and New York, as well as local exhibitions. The group coalesced around Galería Color-Luz (Color-Light), which was started in Havana in 1957 by es:Lolo Soldevilla (1901–1971), just after she returned from several years in Paris as Cuba’s cultural attaché. She was an artist with energy to burn, judging by the works representing her here. Her partner in the effort, another member of the 10, was Pedro de Oraá, an artist, poet and art critic, born in 1931, who would write a short history of the group.[8] That's why since his youth Josignacio only through art books was influenced by the abstract expressionists of the New York School (art); especially Jackson Pollock from whom he got the use of dripping and pouring paint on canvases but with pigmented epoxy resins instead of alkyd enamels, however, Dutch painter Karel Appel faces[9] and Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky mix of colors [10] have had a special focus. From Dutch-American Willem de Kooning[11] he got the centered figure compositions[12] The color palette of Josignacio is very extensive, but the spectrum of green mixed deliberately with bright reds and blacks has been his personal seal and what, along with his personal style of execution, has kept him (despite the influences) in a distinct and perfectly identifiable position. In his childhood Josignacio had been more motivated by color than by forms, a distinguishing factor in his artwork that was often noted among his older painters colleagues such as René Portocarrero, es:José Gómez Fresquet and Raúl Martínez (artist) closed friends of his family, which pushed and encourage him to keep in his abstract track. However, in his first art exhibition on March 2, 1987 in the Gallery of the Artistic and Literary Lyceum of Regla he included his self-portrait, which he did according to academic style, the rest of paintings were all abstracts. It was from this point of time, that his future as an abstract/neo-figurative painter had been decided.

Social causes and charity work[edit]

Josignacio has contributed to social causes. Most recently Josignacio is known for raising funds for the 2010 Haiti earthquake victims. For both Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Andrew, Josignacio helped raise funds for the victims. In 1992 after Hurricane Andrew struck South Florida he organized an auction with more than 100 Cuban painters for victims of the tragedy. In the early 90's Josignacio helped raise funds for AIDS organizations such as "The Project Genesis." Since 1996 Josignacio has helped raise funds for the Miami Children's Hospital. His most recent donation was to Hedge Funds Care, an international charity, whose sole mission is preventing and treating child abuse and supported largely by the hedge fund industry.

Since 2010 Josignacio have being supporting several Russian Charity Organizations,[13][14] mostly those focused on children with autism, disabilities or special needs by fully donating his artworks to be sold.

Art in public places[edit]

"Painting diptych, Mi verso es de un verde claro y de un carmín encendido, November 18, 2017, Havana, Cuba.jpg"[15] The artwork is on permanent display at The National Library José Martí

On November 25, 2011, Josignacio unveiled an 8-foot x 12 foot mural titled 'Tree of Life' in Asbury Park, New Jersey at the Asbury Park Transportation on Main Street. The 'Tree of Life' was an original triptych art that consisted of three consecutive paintings that represented a convergence of the past, present and future to create an image of humanity. The 'Tree of Life', then valued at $180,000, was dedicated to the children of Asbury Park, NJ and was commissioned by The Caring Canvas, a premier traveling art gallery. The triptych mural artwork is permanently located at the Asbury Park Transportation Center on Main Street in Asbury Park, NJ.[16]

On January 13, 2017, La Casa de Artes y Tradiciones Chinas[17] acquired Josignacio's artwork titled "Fénix" a 105.5 x 55 inches, plastic paint medium on wood to be on public display at their permanent collection.

"Fénix" (Phoenix) by Josignacio. This painting is on permanent display at the gallery of "La Casa de Artes y Tradiciones Chinas" in Havana City, Cuba

On October 18, 2017, The National Library of Cuba José Martí, for its permanent collection acquired the exhibited diptych “Mi verso es de un verde claro y de un carmín encendido” / “My verse is light green and a carmine in fire” depicting a portraits of Martí. The artwork will be on permanent display at the public gallery.

Awards[edit]

  • 1979 - Awarded first prize in painting at the Escuela Vocacional Militar Camilo Cienfuegos de Guanabacoa, Havana.
  • 1980 - Awarded first prize in painting at the Escuela Vocacional Militar Camilo Cienfuegos de Guanabacoa, Havana.
  • 1996 - Awarded the "Best in Show Prize" at Hortt 38[18] jury art show exhibition at the Museum of Art Fort Lauderdale in Florida.
  • 2000 - Titled the "Chief Painter of lle lfe" for the best interpretation through color of the Yoruba Religion.
  • 2015 - The City of Miami officially salutes Josignacio for his achievements in the City of Miami.

Auction records[edit]

On December 23, 2014, a painting by Josignacio titled "The Three Wisest Monkeys", dated 1991, was sold for a hammer price of $720,000 USD at Pangaea Auction House[19] in Las Vegas. Notably, this painting set Josignacio as the most expensive living Cuban artist in the world by surpassing Tomas Sanchez, who previously held the record at $540,000. (Source: Artprice.com™ database)

On December 15, 2015, a painting by Josignacio titled "The key of Success", dated 2011, was sold for a hammer price of $475,000 USD at Miami Auction Gallery in Miami, FL.

On March 10, 2016, a painting by Josignacio titled "Music is Timeless", dated 1989, was sold for a hammer price of $3,481,205 USD at McCarthy-Williams Auctions[20] in London. This painting is now the most expensive painting in the world by a living Latin artist (as well as a living Cuban artist).

On July 7, 2016, a painting by Josignacio titled "Rostro", dated 1989, was sold for a hammer price of $2,329,200 at McCarthy-Williams Auctions in London.

Year over year auction sales data for Josignacio reveals a sharply upward sales trend of artwork for the artist.

Documentary[edit]

  • 1988 - "Concierto Sentido" with Cuban musician José María Vitier
  • 2006 - "La Pintura Cubana" by Art Work Productions, Director Roberto J. Cayuso.
  • 2008 - "Josignacio: Las Formas del Color" by Art Work Productions, Director Roberto J. Cayuso.
  • 2010 - "Josignacio: The Master of Colors" by Calico Productions. Director is Daniel Urdanivia.

Major works[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

The key artwork of the exhibition as well as the Signs Series titled "Fénix" was acquired by the Casa de las Artes y Tradiciones Chinas for display in its permanent collection.

  • 2017 - The most emblematic and iconic place in Havana is La Bodeguita del Medio founded in 1942 and in its 75th Anniversary[44][45] as part of the festivities of this commemorative event, was included an acquisition of Josignacio’s work titled “Mojito”, a semi-figurative painting depicting this traditional and typical drink to be on its permanent display.
  • 2017 – Siete Adagios para Safo y Ganimedes "Seven Adagios for Sappho and Ganymede"[46]

Despite the controversy of the homosexuality’s delicate theme in the communist’s Cuba, a collection of seven nonfigurative large format guitars curated by Journalist and writer Yoel Almaguer de Armas and Lic. in Art History Diana Rosa Crespo were exhibited in the Karl Marx Theatre. In the typical Josignacio’s forms and colors, they based their selection in order to match the seven colors of the rainbow; a cure was made to symbolize the colors of the flag that characterizes the world movement LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) That are precisely the colors of the actual rainbow. The Rainbow Flag, also known as the LGBT flag, is the representation of the gay and lesbian community since the late 1970s. The flag was designed by artist Gilbert Baker and popularized in 1978. These pieces are part of Josignacio’s extensive series of guitars called “Rainbow Guitars” and he did this show in support of the rights of equality and acceptance of those discriminated against in his native Island and bravely led precisely by Mariela Castro Espin, the daughter of Raúl Castro Ruz, the actual president of Cuba. Mariela currently heads the Cuban National Center for Sex Education (CENESEX) proof that its government is showing their intentions in opening the human rights issues. The reason for the title "Seven Adagios for Sappho and Ganymede": Josignacio uses the musical term adagio because it is a musical piece whose tempo is slower, as well as slow has been the process of acceptance of LGBT movement and two characters, the real Sappho of Mytilene, also known as Sappho of Lesbos, a Greek poet who has historically been identified by many as the symbol of female homosexuality and the mythological Ganymede[47][better source needed] who became the lover of the God Zeus.

  • 2017 - “China Pure Colors” China a Puro Color,[48] at Expo Cuba (arts pavilion) Eight big format abstract paintings depicting the typical colors of China’s culture and folklore to celebrate the 170th anniversary of the presence of the Chinese in Cuba. Organized by Ministerio de Cultura de la República de Cuba,[49] Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China,[50] Oficina del Historiador de la Habana[51][better source needed] and Instituto Cubano de Amistad con los Pueblos (ICAP)[52]
  • 2017 - “Punto y Línea sobre el plano” a group art exhibition in Fábrica de Arte Cubano (FAC)[53] including Antoine Mena, Donis Llago, Gabriel Sanches Toledo, Jorge Gody, Josignacio, Nelson Villalobo Ferrer, Onay Rosquet, Osy Milián, Víctor M. Gómez and curated by FAC head’s curator Rosemary Rodríguez.
  • 2017- "Fuente del Otro" Exhibition at Galería René Portocarrero National Theatre of Cuba, 29 contemporary artists among them: Pedro de Oraa, Carlos Trillo Name, Ruben Rodriguez, Dionisio Abad Jarrosay Ruiz, Jose Fowler, Rogelio Rodriguez Cobas, Angel Rivero Sierra, Wilay Méndez Páez, Ramón Víctor Casas Viera and Santiago Luis Ferrer – Kender as a homage to Cuban master René Portocarrero.
  • 2017- "National Encounter of Abstract Art"[54] at "René Portocarrero" Gallery of the National Theater of Cuba/Encuentro Nacional de Arte Abstracto. Galería “René Portocarrero” del Teatro Nacional de Cuba from October 8 to November 8, show curated by Author Lic. Luis García Peraza and catalogue’s words made by renowned Cuban abstract painter Pedro de Oraá, the show included twenty-nine abstract artists.
  • 2017- “Martí visto por Josignacio”[55][56][57][58][59][60] “Martí seen by Josignacio” A selection of twenty eight artworks in a Solo show (art exhibition) made by the artist inspired by the life, figure and writing works such as Simple Verses, of Cuban’s National Hero, poet José Martí,[61][62][63] through more than thirty year’s career in the Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí gallery El Reino de Este Mundo in collaboration with Consejo Nacional de Artes Plasticas. The opening date for this show was chosen October 18 to celebrate 116 anniversary of the library’s, which was established on October 18, 1901.

The National Library of Cuba José Martí, for its permanent collection acquired the exhibited diptych “Mi verso es de un verde claro y de un carmín encendido” / “My verse is light green and a carmine in fire” depicting a portraits of Martí. The artwork will be on permanent display at the public gallery.

Additional exhibitions[edit]

From 1987 to 1989 Josignacio had his artwork displayed in Havana at the following Galleries for exhibition:

  • Galeria del Liceo Artistico y Literario de Regla[64]
  • Galeria San Miguel del Padron
  • Galeria de la Casa del Joven Creador[65]
  • Galeria del Palacio del Segundo Cabo[66]
  • Galeria del Karl Marx
  • Galeria del teatro Mella[67]
  • Centro de Exposiciones Pabellon Cuba[68][69]
  • Galeria de la Casa de la Cultura de Plaza[70]
  • Galeria del Comité Estatal de Finanzas
  • "Moda en rojos" La Maison Fashion house[71]
  • La Casona, Sede del Ballet Nacional de Cuba (Cuban National Ballet)
  • Galeria del Fondo Cubano de Vienes Culturales[72]
  • Galeria del Café Teatro Brecht[73]
  • Participation with Arte Calle group, 23 y 12 Vedado 1989 "Fry Eggs Still Life"
  • 1989 "Comparzas y Carnavales" La Maison[74]
  • Exhibición en el lobby del Hotel Habana Riviera "Mariposas"
  • Exhibición en el lobby del Hotel Habana Libre[75] "Abstracts"
  • Exhibición en el lobby del Hotel Internacional de Varadero[76]

Since 1989 upon his arrival to Miami art scene,[77][78] art historian and former Miami Herald art critic Helen Kohen[79][80] wrote about Josignacio’s dedication to help raise money for AIDS patients of Genesis Project through art auctions held at InterContinental Hotel Miami, presided by Julio Hernandez Rojo[81] and Dolores C. Smithies. Numerous group exhibitions happened thereafter. From 1990 in the Museum of Cuban Art[82] to several Miami’s art galleries.

  • 1990 International Art Collection
  • 1990 Domingo Padrón Art Gallery “Josignacio’s Butterflies”
  • 1990 Cuban Museum of Arts and Culture. Group Show
  • 1991 Domingo Padrón Art Gallery. Group Show
  • 1991 MarPad Art Gallery
  • 1992 500 aniversario del descubrimiento de América. Marpad Art Gallery
  • 1993 Alfredo Martínez Gallery
  • 1993 MarPad Art Gallery
  • 1994 Noche Cubana. Cuban Art. Marpad Art Gallery
  • 1995 Alfredo Martínez Gallery
  • 1995 MarPad Art Gallery
  • 1996 Diana Traficante Gallery
  • 1997 Alfredo Martínez Gallery. Works by Cuban Artists
  • 1998 “One Man Show, Josignacio” Alfredo Martínez Gallery
  • 1999 “Fiesta Cubana” Alfredo Martínez Gallery. Curated by Armando Álvarez Bravo[83]
  • 1999 Pintores Contemporáneos. Alfredo Martínez Gallery. Jesse de los Rios, Clara Morera, Nelson Franco, Juan Navarrete, Marvin Chinchilla, Ulrich Gehret, Ana María Sarlat, Lia Galetti, Carlos Alfonzo and Lesver de Quirós

Writings and essays[edit]

  • 1987 - "Josignacio" by Dr. es:Jose Antonio Portoundo[84] renowned Cuban Intellectual, Havana, Cuba
  • 1988 - "Josignacio y sus juegos de resinas" (Josignacio and his Resin Games) by Dr. Antonio Núñez Jiménez (renowned Cuban academic), Havana, Cuba
  • 1988 - "El Torbellino Cromatico en la Obra de Josignacio" (Tornados Chromatic in Josignacio's Artworks) by Lisandro Otero (Cuban novelist), Havana, Cuba
  • 1988 - "La Magia de Josignacio" (Josignacio's Magic) by Miguel Cabrera,[85] Historian of Cuban National Ballet, Havana, Cuba
  • 1989 - "Josignacio es una revolucion dentro de la revolucion" (Josignacio is a Revolution Inside the Revolution) by Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez Havana, Cuba
  • 1989 - "Los Martí de Josignacio" "The Josignacio's Martí" by Cuban Teacher and José Martí specialist Ms. Esther Montes de Oca[86]
  • 1989 - "El dibujo por el Color" by illustrator José Luis Posada Medio "El Gallego Posada"[87]
  • 1991 - "Josignacio's Newism" by art consultant and critic Roberto J Cayuso, Miami
  • 1995 - "The Flag" by Jorge Valls, Miami, Florida
  • 2008 - "Josignacio: Un Pintor Abstracto en Miami" (An Abstract Painter in Miami) by Dr. Emilio Ichikawa, a renown Cuban intellectual, Miami, Florida
  • 2016 - "Delirium" by Lic. in Art History and Journalist Eliset García Deulofeu[88]
  • 2016 - "Plastic Paint Medium: una revolución tecno-pictórica creada en Cuba"[89] by Lic. in Art History, Journalist and writer Yoel Almaguer de Armas
  • 2017 - "Josignacio y la boca abierta"[90]
  • 2017 - "Siete guitarras contra la homofobia y la transfobia"[91] by Lic. in Art History, Journalist and writer Yoel Almaguer de Armas and Lic. in Art History Diana Rosa Crespo
  • 2017 - "A propósito del Martí de Josignacio" by Lic. in Art History and Journalist Eliset García Deulofeu
  • 2017 - "El arte plástico de Josignacio: Las formas por el color" by Roberto J. Cayuso, author and art specialist.
  • 2017 - "Martí visto por Josignacio: lirismo y majestuosidad en el lugar ideal" by MSc. Nora Rodríguez Calzadilla.
  • 2017 - "El Martí de Josignacio"[92] by José Angel Téllez Villalón He works in Cubarte as editor and press editor. He also collaborate with the Artecubano newsletter.
  • 2017 - An extraordinary artistic product "Un extraordinario producto artístico"[93] by Nathalie Sánchez. Published November 6, 2017 Tribuna de La Habana
  • 2017 - "Martí visto por Josignacio"[94][95] by José Angel Téllez Villalón. This is the title of the exhibition that occupies these days the gallery The Kingdom of this World of the National Library of Cuba José Martí. Inaugurated on the occasion of the anniversary of the founding of this important institution and within the framework of the National Culture Day
  • 2017 - "Visiones de Martí"[96] by Toni Piñera, Granma (newspaper) "Each generation has left, in the Martian images, their own mythologies, showing us, at the same time, the historical significance at that time assigned to the national heroes"
  • 2017 - "Martí visto por Josignacio en el alma del arte que acrisola y enaltece"[97] by MSc. Nora Rodríguez Calzadilla[98]
  • 2018 - "La identidad de un creador" by Nathalie Mesa[99]
  • 2018 - “El Martiano Josignacio”[100]
  • 2018 - "Martí vs Dos Ríos" Painting of Josignacio selected to illustrate the cover an back cover of the Volume 1 (2018) of the National Library of Cuba's magazine[101]
Martí vs Dos Ríos Painting of Josignacio selected to illustrate cover and back cover of the Cuban National Library José Martí Number 1 2018

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geysell Cisneros (June 6, 2017). ""The Prodigious Decade", una mirada a la generación de los 80". Tribuna de la Habana. Retrieved June 6, 2017. 
  2. ^ Peter Plagens (November 29, 1992). ""The Next Wave from Havana" They are known as the "Generation of the '80s", the artists who grew up in Cuba after the 1959 revolution". Newsweek. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  3. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Arte_cubano_contemporáneo
  4. ^ http://www.lahabana.com/content/a-history-of-the-havana-carnival-from-1573-to-today/
  5. ^ Lissette Corsa (April 8, 1999). ""Art to Burn"". Miami New Times On the night of April 22, 1988, Miami art collector Ramon Cernuda presided over an auction at the now-defunct Cuban Museum of Art and Culture. José Juara, the buyer, walked outside and set the Manuel Mendive original ablaze in the presence of about 500 protesters, who accused the artist of being sympathetic to Fidel Castro's regime. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  6. ^ Rafael Díaz Casas and Janet Batet (December 8, 2013). ""The silent shout. Voices in Cuban Abstract Art, 1950-2013"". OnCuba magazine. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  7. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Grupo_Los_Once
  8. ^ Roberta Smith (January 14, 2016). ""Concrete Cuba' Visits a Quieter Period of Latin American Modernism"". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  9. ^ Nina Siegal (February 4, 2016). ""Shedding New Light on the Late Dutch Artist Karel Appel"". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  10. ^ Ossian Ward (December 16, 2016). ""How Wassily Kandinsky's synaethesia changed art"". The Telegraph. Retrieved February 19, 2018. 
  11. ^ https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/willem-de-kooning-woman-i-1950-52-2
  12. ^ https://www.guggenheim.org/artwork/992
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-adv/advertisers/russia/articles/society/20090325/the_state_of_giving.html
  14. ^ http://www.globalgivingresource.com/blog/philanthropy-in-russia-2/
  15. ^ http://www.radiorebelde.cu/noticia/dona-josignacio-dipticos-jose-marti-fotos-20171228/
  16. ^ Susan Belfer (November 11, 2011). ""Tree of Life" The Caring Canvas Hosted Josignacio's Art Unveiling Ceremony and Dedication in Asbury Park, NJ". New Jersey Stage. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  17. ^ http://www.ohch.cu/museos/museo-prueba-2/
  18. ^ Roger Hurlburt (September 8, 1996). ""Hortt Short in Quality" Juror Cites Show, Heavy On Abstract Paintings, For "Sheer Quantity" Of Entries. Judging by the 105 pieces on display at "The 38th Hortt Competition," juror William Agee must have been squinting in aesthetic desperation by the time he made the final cuts. The show, which continues through Oct. 13 at the Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, is drawn from more than 1,500 entries by 98 artists from Broward, Palm Beach, Dade and Monroe counties". Sun Sentinel newspaper. Retrieved February 11, 2018. 
  19. ^ http://www.pangaea-auctions.com
  20. ^ http://mccarthywilliams.com
  21. ^ http://www.miaminewtimes.com/music/into-the-night-6360742
  22. ^ Josie Gulliksen (May 12, 2017). ""Cigars, Mojitos and cafecitos. It most be Cuba Nostalgia"". Miami.com. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  23. ^ Nicole Lopez-Alvar (May 19, 2016). ""Cuba Nostalgia 2016 Looks Toward the Future Instead of the Past"". Miami New Times. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  24. ^ Art Kabinett (March 28, 2010). "Cuban Vanguardia: Modern Collectors' Focus". Art Kabinett. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  25. ^ Ana Veciana-Suarez (May 19, 2013). ""Cuba Nostalgia allows for a stroll down memory lane"". Miami Herald. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  26. ^ Leslie Pantin and Carlos García (December 12, 2017). ""Cuba Nostalgia, the largest event celebrating everything great that is Cuban"". CubaNostalgia.com. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  27. ^ Brett Sokol (May 12, 2010). ""A Quick Stop in Old Cuba"". the New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  28. ^ Brian Owensby Associate Professor, Corcoran Department of History (May 13, 2011). ""Cuba Nostalgia. What happens to a country's nationality when its population splits and grows apart for forty-five years? What does it mean to be Cuban if you're raised in Miami? What does it mean to be Cuban if you are raised and born in Cuba?"". University of Virginia. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  29. ^ http://art629.com/2009/65/
  30. ^ https://www.prevention.org
  31. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZKi3dMSScYU
  32. ^ http://www.uh.cu/sites/default/files/Programa_Festival_de_la_Cultura_China.pdf
  33. ^ http://cu.chineseembassy.org/esp/sgxx/dsjl/t991515.htm
  34. ^ E. Fernández (October 28, 2016). ""Fascinación por tules" In the exhibition De Douceur Á Intense, in the Lecuona room, a figurative portrait of the Prima ballerina assoluta, Alicia Alonso, is included. With the innovative technique of Plastic Paint Medium, Josignacio offers his personal vision that seemed to capture in plastic the spirit of dance in the nineteenth century"". Radio Reloj. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  35. ^ http://www.balletcuba.cult.cu/4-artistas-con-su-obra-saludan-el-25-festival-internacional-de-ballet-de-la-habana-alicia-alonso/
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  38. ^ http://opushabana.cu/index.php/servicios/cartelera/48-exposiciones/11171-el-renacer-del-ave-fenix
  39. ^ http://www.juventudrebelde.cu/cartelera/teatro/
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  41. ^ http://prensa-latina.cu/index.php?o=rn&id=56692&SEO=inician-las-celebraciones-en-cuba-por-la-llegada-del-ano-nuevo-lunar
  42. ^ http://www.granma.cu/cultura/2017-01-13/comienzan-festejos-por-nuevo-ano-lunar-chino-13-01-2017-23-01-04
  43. ^ Teresa de Jesús Torres Espinosa (January 16, 2017). ""Comienza Fiesta de Primavera en Barrio Chino de La Habana" Spring Festival begins in Chinatown of Havana. The Chinese ambassador to Cuba, Chen Xi, opened the exhibition The rebirth of the phoenix, at the House of Chinese Arts and Traditions, which in turn gave birth to the Spring Festival and the New Lunar Year, the most important celebration of the Asian nation, which on this occasion receives the Year of the Rooster". Oficina del Historiador de la Ciudad. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  44. ^ Josefina Pichardo (April 28, 2017). ""Y llegó La Bodeguita del Medio a su 75 Aniversario" After distinguishing the workers with more than 20 years in La B del M, the painter Josignacio donated to the establishment his work "Mojito", specially made for the occasion; and Professor Jorge Méndez, of the Mintur, highlighted the part that touches gastronomy in the heritage value that La Bodeguita has ... and advocated that in the future Cuban food can be counted on the list of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity". TTC. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  45. ^ Reno Massola (April 27, 2017). ""La Bodeguita del Medio: Festejos de Cubanía"". Trabajadores. Organo de la Centarl de Trabajadores de Cuba. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  46. ^ http://www.radiorebelde.cu/noticia/siete-guitarras-contra-homofobia-transfobia-fotos-20170601/
  47. ^ Ganymede (mythology)
  48. ^ Onaisys Fonticoba Gener (June 4, 2017). ""Celebran en La Habana Jornada de la Cultura China" Li Cecilio added that the festivities will be extended to the Expocuba fairground, where the Hermandad, Flora, Lieng and Li D Fong exhibitions will be inaugurated; China in pure color, by the plastic artist Josignacio; The musical voice of China, courtesy of the Casa de Asia Museum; and Chinese presence on Cuban postage stamps". La Jiribilla, Revista Cultural Cubana. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  49. ^ http://www.ministeriodecultura.gob.cu
  50. ^ http://www.mcprc.gov.cn
  51. ^ es:Oficina del Historiador de La Habana
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  54. ^ Avelino Víctor Couceiro Rodríguez (October 12, 2017). ""El Arte Abstracto dentro de la Jornada por el Día de la Cultura Cubana"". UNEAC National Union of Writers and Artists of Cuba. Retrieved February 10, 2018. 
  55. ^ http://www.tribuna.cu/sites/default/files/PDFs/44/TRIBUNA%20DEL%205%20%20DE%20NOVIEMBRE%20%202017%20AGRUPADO_7.pdf
  56. ^ MsC. Nancy Machado Lorenzo (October 17, 2017). "Palabras de inauguración de la exposición Martí visto por Josignacio. Josignacio satisfies us because his work, in which his vision of the Master is also reflected, will be a meeting point between himself, the Library and the public that visits him and that, under the protection of the Kingdom of This World Gallery, he will be able to enjoy the art that dignifies and exalts". Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  57. ^ MSc. Nora Rodríguez Calzadilla (October 25, 2017). ""Martí visto por Josignacio: lirismo y majestuosidad en el lugar ideal. Martí seen by Josignacio: lyricism and majesty in the ideal place"". Radio Enciclopedia. Retrieved October 31, 2017. 
  58. ^ NM Lorenzo (October 17, 2017). "Exposición del artista de la plástica José Ignacio Sánchez Rius (Josignacio) en La Galería El reino de este mundo. Presentation of the project on the figure of the National Hero José Martí". Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  59. ^ Jorge Fernández Era (October 19, 2017). ""La Mirada de Josignacio a Martí" The Martí exhibition by Josignacio was inaugurated in the gallery The Kingdom of this World as part of the celebrations for the 116th anniversary of the National Library of Cuba José Martí. The sample consists of twenty-eight paintings made between 1987 and 2017, and in it, according to curators Eliset García Deulofeu, Yoel Almaguer de Armas and Diana R. Crespo Tapia, the artist proposes a visual concert inspired by life and the work of the Apostle José Martí". APE News. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  60. ^ MsC. Nancy Machado Lorenzo (October 19, 2017). ""Martí visto por Josignacio" On the afternoon of October 18, the anniversary of the founding of the BNCJM, the exhibition "Martí visto por Josignacio" was opened to the public, as a tribute of the artist to the figure of the teacher and the institution that carries his name and treasure the bibliographic heritage of the Cuban nation". Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  61. ^ Maitte Marrero Canda (January 28, 2018). ""Una rosa sincera de José Martí a Guatemala"". Prensa Latina. Retrieved January 28, 2018. 
  62. ^ Yisel Martínez (January 24, 2018). ""To be a follower of Martí is to be a patriot. On the 165th anniversary of his birth, José Martí continues to embody the human being to which Cubans aspire"". Granma newspaper. Retrieved January 28, 2018. 
  63. ^ Juventud Rebelde (January 28, 2018). "Historiador Eusebio Leal destaca trascendencia histórica del apóstol José Martí: Apóstol es aquel que lleva una palabra, el que va a transmitir un mensaje por eso no se le puede despojar de ese título a Martí, subrayó Leal". Retrieved January 28, 2018. 
  64. ^ http://www.cnpc.cult.cu/patrimonio/174
  65. ^ http://www.ahs.cu/tag/casas-del-joven-creador/
  66. ^ http://segundocabo.ohc.cu
  67. ^ http://www.lahabana.com/guide/teatro-mella/
  68. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Pabellón_Cuba
  69. ^ http://www.cubadebate.cu/etiqueta/pabellon-cuba/
  70. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Casa_de_Cultura_"Plaza_de_la_Revolución"
  71. ^ http://www.lahabana.com/guide/la-maison/
  72. ^ http://www.fcbc.cu
  73. ^ http://www.lahabana.com/content/cafe-teatro-bertolt-brecht/
  74. ^ http://www.netssa.com/la_maison.html
  75. ^ http://www.hotelhabanalibre.com/en/
  76. ^ http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2016/02/17/hotel-internacional-varadero-resucitara-tres-veces-mas-grande/
  77. ^ Ted Loos (May 5, 2017). ""Knight Foundation Helps Drive Miami Art Scene"". Miami Herald Newspaper. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  78. ^ Anne Tschida (December 5, 2017). ""Who says Miami's art scene closes in summer? Shows at three spaces prove otherwise"". Miami Herald Newspaper. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  79. ^ Anne Tschida (January 2016). ""Helen Kohen: A Life Well Lived"". Biscayne Times. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  80. ^ Howard Cohen (May 27, 2015). ""Art Historian, former Herald critic Helen Kohen dies at 83" When Helen Kohen retired as the Miami Herald's art critic in 1995 after 17 years on the beat, she left a clear hint of life beyond the newsroom. Kohen was not about to leave the visual arts scene that she was so much a part of grooming in South Florida since moving to Miami Beach in the 1950s". Miami Herald newspaper. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  81. ^ Cintas Foundation Staff (1979). "After his return to the United States, he participated in a number of exhibitions in Miami and became known for his colorful, optimistic landscapes. His work is in the permanent collection of the Miami-Dade Public Libraries. (Cintas for art, 1979-80)". Cintas Foundation. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  82. ^ Mireya Navarro (October 23, 1999). ""How Controversial Art Killed a Museum; In a Case That Parallels 'Sensation,' Cultural Leaders Took On Miami"". The New York Times Newspaper. Retrieved February 14, 2018. 
  83. ^ Hernán Vera Álvarez (June 9, 2016). "Armando Álvarez Bravo: Una vida literaria". El Nuevo Herald newspaper. Retrieved February 15, 2018. 
  84. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/José_Antonio_Portuondo
  85. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Miguel_Cabrera
  86. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Esther_Montes_de_Oca_Dom%C3%ADnguez
  87. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/José_Luis_Posada
  88. ^ Eliset García Delofeu (June 26, 2017). ""Delirium" The vestiges of the drawing serve as the primary idea for the unleashing of an ordered chaos of loose spots and brushstrokes. There are remnants of a figuration flagellated by the explosion of spots and the use of dripping. There are no attachments to the form, nor reminiscences to the perfecting stroke of the drawing. Freedom is the undeniable term to the creation of the artist and this finds the rationale in abstractionism. Convergence of extinct figuration and abstract flights, here is Josignacio". On Cuba. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  89. ^ Lic. Yoel Almaguer de Armas (December 7, 2016). ""Plastic Paint Medium: una revolución tecno-pictórica creada en Cuba"". Radio Rebelde. Retrieved January 6, 2018. 
  90. ^ Yoel Almaguer de Armas (January 26, 2017). ""Josignacio y la boca Abierta" The Tiger is a picture that is not displayed. The original will never be displayed. Josignacio painted it but it was a gift painting, made with special effort, perhaps with fear as well, with some curiosity and with the desire that this work was at the level of the person for whom it was created". Radio Rebelde. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  91. ^ Yoel Almaguer de Armas (June 1, 2017). ""Siete Guitarras contra la Homofobia y la transfobia" Seven Adagios for Sappho and Ganymede was an attempt to support the painter Josignacio for the Day against homophobia and transphobia: a visual gift interpreted from the musicality of guitars that are not exact with each other, but that inspire calm, calm and harmony". Radio Rebelde. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  92. ^ José Ángel Téllez Villalón (November 15, 2017). ""El Martí de Josignacio" Martí seen by Josignacio is the title of the exhibition that occupies these days the gallery The Kingdom of this World of the National Library of Cuba José Martí, recently inaugurated, on the occasion of the anniversary of the founding of this institution and within the framework of the Conference for the National Culture". UNEAC. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  93. ^ Nathalie Mesa Sánchez (November 6, 2017). ""Un Extraordinario Producto Artístico" Under the curatorship of Eliset García Deulofeu, Yoel Almaguer de Armas and Diana R. Crespo Tapia, the exhibition presents us representations of the Martí of the Spanish dancer, the one of the white rose, the one of the black doll, the visionary of the future". Tribuna de la Habana. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  94. ^ José Ángel Téllez Villalón (November 15, 2017). ""Martí visto por Josignacio" A Cuban artist linked to the neofiguration and abstractionism that this time proposes 28 works, fruit of his approach to the life and work of José Martí, billed with his novel technique of Plastic Paint Medium and his peculiar visual lyric". Ministerio de Cultura República de Cuba. Retrieved March 25, 2018. 
  95. ^ http://www.cubarte.cult.cu/es/article/50143
  96. ^ Toni Piñera (November 21, 2017). ""Visions of Martí. Each generation has left, in the Martian images, their own mythologies, showing us, at the same time, the historical significance at that time assigned to the national heroes"". Granma Newspaper. Retrieved November 23, 2017. 
  97. ^ MSc. Nora Rodríguez Calzadilla (December 8, 2017). ""Martí seen by Josignacio in the soul of art that enhances and exalts. Martí visto por Josignacio en el alma del arte que acrisola y enaltece"". Radio Enciclopedia. Retrieved December 31, 2017. 
  98. ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Nora_Rodr%C3%ADguez_Calzadilla
  99. ^ Nathalie Mesa Sánchez (January 2, 2018). ""La Identidad de un creador""The Identity of a Creator" On Sunday, November 5, the Tribune of Havana published an article about one of the most profound exhibitions that have taken place in Havana in recent months. The title of the same: Martí seen by Josignacio, comes from the interpretation and representation that this artist has made to the life and work of Our Apostle". Tribuna de La Habana. Retrieved January 4, 2018. 
  100. ^ José Ángel Téllez Villalón (January 27, 2018). ""El Martiano Josignacio" Conocí a José Ignacio Sánchez Rius (La Habana, 1963), o simplemente Josignacio, a través de sus pinturas. Fue uno de esos sábados que me "voy de cuadros", en que tuve la dicha de toparme con su exposición Martí visto por Josignacio, en la galería El Reino de este Mundo de la Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba". Cubarte. Retrieved March 27, 2018. 
  101. ^ Revista de la Biblioteca Nacional José Martí de Cuba (September 18, 2018). ""Martí vs Dos Ríos" Magazine founded in Havana City in the year 1909. With more than a century of been established, this iconic publication have always selected for its covers meaningful images of the most prestigious artists as well significantly events. In this occasion, the directive of the publication No 1 2018, has selected an artwork to illustrate cover and back cover a painting of contemporary Cuban artist Josignacio". Cubarte. Retrieved September 12, 2018. 
  • Las Oleadas de resina de Josignacio Culturales by Toni Piñera, Granma newspaper La Habana 4 de Marzo de 1987. Cuba
  • Josignacio Plastica by Ele Nussa. Revista Bohemia Marzo 27 de 1987. Cuba
  • Exposicion del Joven Pintor Josignacio 17 de septiembre de 1987 Trabajadores newspaper Cuba
  • Josignacio Novato del año Plastica by Ele Nussa.[1] Revista Bohemia Septiembre 18 de 1987. Cuba
  • Josignacio esta acabando, Los Pasos de un Joven Diligente Plastica by Ele Nussa. Revista Bohemia Abril de 1988. Cuba
  • Contacto Dedicated to artist Josignacio by Hilda Rabilero, Cubavision International, Canal 6, 1987. Cuba1988
  • Concierto Sentido Dedicated to artist Josignacio and Cuban musician José María Vitier, Cubavision International, Canal 6, 1988. Cuba
  • "Revista de la Mañana" "Josignacio nos habla de su novedosa tecnica" an interview by Freddy Moros,[2] Dedicate to Artist Josignacio. Cubavision International, Canal 6, 1988. Cuba
  • Josignacio Creador de una novedosa tecnica pictorica by Dinorah del Real[3] "Panorama" Cubavision International, Canal 6, 1988. Cuba
  • Josignacio Nuestro Orgullo by Esteban Lamelas, Univision Channel 23, 1996
  • Helen Kohen, Two Events Offer Chance to Buy artworks, Fight AIDS Auction, Miami, Florida, The Miami Herald newspaper, April 20, 1990
  • Alvarez-Bravo, Armando, De Ronda, Miami, Florida, El Nuevo Herald newspaper, September 4, 1996.
  • Alvarez-Bravo, Armando,[4] Josignacio, Miami, Florida, El Nuevo Herald newspaper, July 20, 1996.
  • Into the Night by Liz Martinez. Miami New Times, May 15, 1997http://www.miaminewtimes.com/music/into-the-night-6360742
  • Cover Illustration for the book Oduduwa Un Secreto de Ifa. by Claudia Mola Fernandez[5] ISBN 978-0-9672988-0-1. 1999
  • Emilio Ichikawa[6] Josignacio: un pintor abstracto en Miami, Miami, Florida, El Nuevo Herald newspaper, August 11, 2008.

External links[edit]

  • ^ http://www.radioenciclopedia.cu/cultural-news/exclusive/leonel-lopeznussa-exhibition-confident-mosaic-about-the-life-of-creator-20170213/
  • ^ http://www.tvcubana.icrt.cu/seccion-entre-tu-y-yo/3471-freddy-moros-55-anos-de-periodismo-televisivo
  • ^ https://www.ecured.cu/Dinorah_del_Real
  • ^ http://www.elnuevoherald.com/vivir-mejor/artes-letras/article82790782.html
  • ^ https://www.iberlibro.com/servlet/SearchResults?an=Mola+Fernandez%2C+Claudia&cm_sp=det-_-bdp-_-author
  • ^ http://www.cubanet.org/htdocs/CNews/y01/nov01/29o6.htm