In the European view of Chinese mythology, Joss signifies a household deity as well as his cult image, which the Portuguese and other Europeans called an "idol". Joss is not Chinese, but a corrupted version of the Portuguese deus for god. Derived words are Joss house, a Chinese temple, Joss stick, a paste-covered stick that is burned in a religious context, and Joss paper.
Joss more recently has also become a colloquial expression for good luck, as in Rip Mattsen's Good Joss Means Good Luck (1974), the first textual documentation of this usage. It is often equated with living in high style and an exclusive lifestyle, as in this review of James Clavell's Noble House
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