Journal Square Transportation Center

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Journal Square
Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH rapid transit station
PATH PA-5.jpg
Location130 Magnolia Avenue[1]
Jersey City, New Jersey
Coordinates40°43′56″N 74°03′47″W / 40.732141°N 74.063114°W / 40.732141; -74.063114Coordinates: 40°43′56″N 74°03′47″W / 40.732141°N 74.063114°W / 40.732141; -74.063114
Owned byPort Authority of New York and New Jersey
Platforms2 island platforms
Tracks4
ConnectionsLocal Transit NJT Bus: 1, 2, 6, 10, 64, 67, 80, 83, 84, 87, 88, 119, 125, 319
Local Transit A&C Bus Corporation (4, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34)
Construction
Parking464-car parking garage
Disabled accessYes
History
Opened1912
Rebuilt1926–1929
1968 to mid-1970s
Electrified600V (DC) Third Rail
Traffic
Passengers (2018)8,160,2932 Decrease 0.8%
Services
Preceding station PATH logo.svg PATH Following station
Harrison
toward Newark
NWK–WTC
Weekdays and holiday weekends
Grove Street
NWK–WTC
Weekends except holidays
Grove Street
Terminus JSQ–33
Weekdays
Grove Street
JSQ–33 (via HOB)
Weeknights Weekends Holidays
Former services
Preceding station Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Following station
Manhattan Transfer
toward Park Place
Park Place – Hudson Terminal Grove-Henderson Streets
Route map
to storage yards
east of station
to storage yards
east of station
Long track section
to storage yards
east of station
to storage yard
north of station
to storage yard
north of station
to storage tracks
Long track section
to storage yard
north of station
to storage tracks

The Journal Square Transportation Center is a multi-modal transportation hub located on Magnolia Avenue and Kennedy Boulevard[1] at Journal Square in Jersey City, New Jersey, United States.[2] Owned and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the complex includes a ten-story tower, a retail plaza, a bus terminal, a two-level parking facility, and the Journal Square station of the PATH rail transit system. The underground station has a high ceiling and a mezzanine level connecting the platforms. The upper level of the station contains a bank of escalators leading to street level, elevators to parking, and a series of escalators leading to the street-level bus bays.

History and vicinity[edit]

Supporting spandrels
Cross-platform transfer between JSQ-33rd trains and NWK-WTC trains

The transportation center is built over a cut through Bergen Hill. The Bergen Hill cut was originally excavated in 1834-1838 by the New Jersey Rail Road and Transportation Company, later part of the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR), to access the Hudson River waterfront.[3] Passenger trains traveled to what became Exchange Place, while freight trains on the Harsimus Branch continued to the Harsimus Stem Embankment.

The center began as the Summit Avenue station of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad, forerunner of PATH. The stop at Summit Avenue, located between Grove Street and Manhattan Transfer stations, opened on April 14, 1912, as an infill station. At the time, only one platform, an island platform in the center of the station, was in use. The Summit Avenue station was not complete until February 23, 1913, when two outer side platforms in a Spanish solution opened, and an enclosed mezzanine opened.[3] At the time, passengers traveling on the 33rd Street line alighted and boarded on the outer side platforms, while passengers traveling on the Newark–Hudson Terminal line alighted and boarded on the center island platform. A bypass track for eastbound express trains was located to the south of the eastbound side platform.[4]

The district was renamed Journal Square in the 1920s after the newspaper, The Jersey Journal. Around that time, the Summit Avenue station was renovated and also rededicated as "Journal Square".[3] The open-spandrel concrete arch bridge carrying Kennedy Boulevard and the station, built in 1926, is a pared-down version of a more ambitious elevated plaza scheme proposed by consulting engineer Abraham Burton Cohen. Passageways were suspended from the arches to connect the railroad station to bus stops on the bridge deck above (the bus stops were later removed).[5] The storage yards northeast of the station were also expanded. The number of tracks in the station was increased from three to six to accommodate terminating trains from 33rd Street, as well as both local and express trains from Newark. There were two island platforms serving the station's four inner tracks, allowing cross-platform interchanges between Newark–Hudson Terminal and Journal Square–33rd Street rains, and bypass tracks for express trains that went around the four inner tracks.[4] The Journal Square station was rededicated on June 1, 1929.[3]

In 1962, the Port Authority bought the H&M and reorganized it as PATH. Reconstruction of the station began in 1968.[6] Though the cornerstone was installed on September 20, 1972, the transportation center itself was opened in stages in 1973, 1974, and 1975[7] during the late phases of the Brutalist architecture movement. A statue of Jackie Robinson was dedicated at the center in 1998.[8]

Part of the ceiling at Journal Square fell onto the platform during the rush hour on August 9, 1983, killing 2 and injuring 8. The ceiling slab, a false ceiling that had been installed during the renovation ten years prior, had been observed to be sagging as early as that April.[9][10]

The center is sometimes viewed as having contributed to the decline of the district by moving the train-bus interchange, and thus pedestrians, away from other commercial activities around the square.[11]

The Loew's Jersey Theater, the Stanley Theater, Hudson County Community College, Journal Squared, Hudson County Courthouse and Hudson County Administration Building are in the immediate vicinity. Nearby are the neighborhoods Bergen Square, India Square, Marion Section, Five Corners, the Hilltop, and McGinley Square, site of Beacon and Saint Peter's College.

Layout[edit]

Ground Street level PATH exit/entrance, bus terminal
Mezzanine Mezzanine Entrance/Exit, automatic ticket dispensing machines, one-way faregates
Platforms Westbound Local      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Harrison)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Westbound Layup      JSQ–33 alighting passengers only
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) alighting passengers only
Eastbound Express      JSQ–33 toward 33rd Street (Grove Street)
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) toward 33rd Street (Grove Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Eastbound Local      NWK–WTC toward World Trade Center (Grove Street)

Rapid transit[edit]

The Journal Square PATH station opened on April 14, 1912, as the Summit Avenue Station of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. As mentioned above, it was renamed Journal Square in the 1920s. Currently it is the southern terminus of two PATH lines, Journal Square–33rd Street on weekdays and Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken) lines on weekends, late nights and holidays. It is also a stop on the Newark-World Trade Center line. The station also serves as PATH's administrative headquarters.[12][13]

At the platform level, the inside express tracks are typically used by trains on the Journal Square–33rd Street and Journal Square–33rd Street (via Hoboken) lines, while the outside local tracks are used by trains on the Newark–World Trade Center line.[14]

Bus[edit]

Bus at Journal Square before turning into Pavonia Avenue and entrance to bus platforms, followed by a guagua (minibus), which also serves the region
Bus exiting Pavonia Avenue

Journal Square is one of three major terminals for New Jersey Transit buses to and from Jersey City, the others being Exchange Place and Hoboken Terminal. Buses operated by NJ Transit and private enterprises run to and from points throughout Hudson County and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan. There is also service to Newark, Hackensack, the Jersey Shore and Atlantic City.[15] Bus arrivals and departures use platforms accessible from within the station or via Pavonia or Sip Avenues.

Route destination major points
1
NJT[16]
Newark-Ivy Hill

via Newark-Ironbound
and Downtown Newark

West Side
Lincoln Highway
Ferry Street/Raymond Boulevard
Market Street
16th Avenue
2
NJT[17]
Secaucus Junction Kennedy Boulevard
County Avenue
Meadowlands Parkway
6
NJT[18]
Greenville
Merritt Street
or Lafayette Loop
Liberty State Park
Summit Avenue
Communipaw Junction
Ocean Avenue
10 Bayonne
JFK Blvd and 3rd Street
Kennedy Boulevard
30
A&C
Society Hill Marion Section
West Side Avenue
Droyer's Point
32 (440 Shopper)
A&C
Hudson Mall Marion Section
West Side Avenue
Route 440
33 (Bergen Avenue)
A&C
Greenville Bergen Square
McGinley Square
Bergen Avenue
Old Bergen Road
64N
limited weekday service
no weekend service
NJT[19]
Lakewood
NJT Bus Terminal
U.S. Route 9
67
limited service
NJT[20]
Toms River
Park and Ride
via Lakewood
seasonal: Seaside Heights
U.S. Route 9
Route 549
80
eastbound

NJT[21]
Exchange Place Newark Avenue
80
southbound

NJT[21]
Greenville
regular service
West Side Avenue
83

NJT[22]
Hackensack Bus Terminal Summit Avenue
Bergen Turnpike
Tonnelle Avenue
U.S. Route 46
Main Street
84
NJT[23]
Nungesser's
North Bergen
Newark Avenue
Palisade Avenue
Bergenline
87
southbound
NJT[24]
Greenville
Gates Avenue
Bergen Square
MLK Drive
Old Bergen Road
87
northbound
NJT[24]
Hudson Place
Hoboken Terminal
Central Avenue
Palisade Avenue
9th Street-Congress Street HBLR
Paterson Plank Road
88
NJT[25]
Nungesser's
North Bergen
Kennedy Boulevard
119
No Sunday service
Port Authority Bus Terminal
42nd Street (Manhattan)
Kennedy Boulevard
9th Street-Congress Street HBLR
14th Street Viaduct
125
NJT[26]
Port Authority Bus Terminal
42nd Street (Manhattan)
Kennedy Boulevard
Marginal Highway
319
NJT[27]
Atlantic City Bus Terminal or
Wildwood Bus Terminal
Seasonal: Cape May
Garden State Parkway
Express to Sea Isle City
(stops in Toms River)
Bergenline Avenue Jitney[28] Newport Mall
George Washington Bridge Plaza
Newark Avenue
Palisade Avenue
Bergenline
Fort Lee
JFK Boulevard Jitney
Community Lines
Port Authority Bus Terminal
42nd Street (Manhattan)
Kennedy Boulevard
Union City

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Journal Square Station". Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  2. ^ "Journal Square Transportation Center - Wikimapia". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Chiasson, George (September 2015). "Rails Under the Hudson Revisited - The Hudson and Manhattan". Electric Railroaders' Association Bulletin. 58 (9): 2–3, 6–7. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Issuu.
  4. ^ a b Chiasson, George (September 2015). "Rails Under the Hudson Revisited - The Hudson and Manhattan". Electric Railroaders' Association Bulletin. 58 (10): 2–3, 5. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Issuu.
  5. ^ Cohen, A. Burton. "Hudson County Boulevard Bridge Plaza." Purdue Engineering Review 21, No. 4 (May 1926): 3-6, 22.
  6. ^ "1968". Panynj.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "History - Journal Square Transportation Center - The Port Authority of NY & NJ". Panynj.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  8. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. (August 9, 1983). "CEILING CRASHES AT PATH CENTER, KILLING 2 AND INJURING 8 IN JERSEY". The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  10. ^ Associated Press (August 9, 1983). "Probe begins in PATH disaster" (PDF). Yonkers Herald Statesman. p. 6. Retrieved June 15, 2018 – via Fultonhistory.com.
  11. ^ Angel, Karen. "Journal Squared: A Jersey City neighborhood's housing multiplies." The New York Daily News. Friday November 13, 2009. 1. Retrieved on November 13, 2009.
  12. ^ "Journal Square Transportation Center - The Port Authority of NY & NJ". Panynj.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  13. ^ Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. "History - Journal Square Transportation Center". Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  14. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ [2][dead link]
  16. ^ "NJT bus 1 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  17. ^ "NJT bus 2 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  18. ^ "NJT bus 6 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  19. ^ "NJT bus 64 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  20. ^ "NJT bus 67 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  21. ^ a b NJT 80 schedule Archived July 4, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "NJT 83 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  23. ^ "NJT 84 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  24. ^ a b "NJT bus 87 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  25. ^ "NJT bus 88 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  26. ^ "NJT bus 125 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  27. ^ "NJT bus 319 schedule" (PDF). Njtransit.com. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  28. ^ "Bergenline Avenue". Jerseyjitneys.info. January 2, 2014. Retrieved December 17, 2017.

External links[edit]