Journal of Biological Rhythms

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Journal of Biological Rhythms  
Journal of Biological Rhythms.tif
J. Biol. Rhythms
Discipline Life Sciences
Language English
Edited by William J. Schwartz
Publication details
SAGE Publications (United Kingdom)
Publication history
Frequency 6 times a year
ISSN 0748-7304 (print)
1552-4531 (web)
LCCN 86655794
OCLC no. 11000168

Journal of Biological Rhythms is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes papers focused on chronobiology, or any aspect of biological rhythms with a special emphasis on seasonal and circadian rhythms. However, papers on various other rhythms are also published in the Journal of Biological Rhythms. These publications can be primary reports of new discoveries, reviews, commentaries, or letters. As such, the authors of the publications have a diverse set of backgrounds and base their findings in areas like ecology, neurobiology and behavior, psychology and psychiatry, endocrinology, developmental biology, pharmacology, cell biology, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and mathematical modeling. The Journal of Biological Rhythms has been in publication since 1986 and is currently published by SAGE Publications. The Journal of Biological Rhythms is the official publication of the Society for Research on Biological Rhythms. The journal's Chief Editor is William J Schwartz.


The journal was founded as the official publication of the Society for Research on Biological Rhythms. It released its first issue in March 1986, under first editor-in-chief Ben Rusak, who served from 1986 to 1994. The original Associate Editors were Gene Block, Serge Daan, Jerry Feldman, Bruce Goldman, Mike Menaker, Bob Moore, and Terry Page. The first issue largely focused on zoology and physiology, but over the years the field of discussion has expanded to include neurobiology, cell and molecular biology, photobiology, computational biology, behavioral ecology, and translational medicine.[1] Early experiments focused on Syrian and Siberian hamsters, ground squirrels, and bubble snails. Since those first publications, experimental subjects represented in the journal have grown to be more diverse, as well as the techniques used to research them. The techniques mentioned in the first few publications involved behavioral and physiological monitoring, circumscribed brain lesions, melatonin radioimmunoassays, electroretinography, and electrophysiological recordings. Early research topics included “splitting,” circannual rhythmicity, photoperiodic time measurement, and circadian pacemaker development, coupling, and output.[2]

The original publishing company before SAGE Publishing was Guilford Press. The cover of the first publication was a simple dark background with the name of the editor (Ben Rusak, served 1986-1994) and a list of the associate editors. By 1995, when a new journal design was selected by editor Fred Turek (1995-1999) for the 10th volume, the journal had already switched to SAGE Science Press. In 1997, he also changed the frequency of the journal from quarterly to bimonthly.[1] There have been two new journal covers since the one from 1995, all in line with the themes of the journal.

The cover selected by editor Martin Zatz (2000-2013) in 2001 depicts a pendulum, representing time and oscillation. The most recent one selected by current editor-in-chief William J. Schwartz (2014–present) in 2016 shows the mechanistic perspective of the relationships between biological clocks, rhythms, entrainment, and other themes of chronobiology.[2]

In 2001, under Editor-in-chief Martin Zatz, the journal began to release a number of special issues and special features, which have continued throughout the years:[3]

Special Issues[edit]

  • Vol 16, issue 4 (August 2001), on seasonal timing
  • Vol 18, issue 3 (June 2003), on entrainment pathways
  • Vol 19, issue 5 (October 2004), on molecular and cellular clock components
  • Vol 20, issue 4 (August 2005), on human circadian rhythms
  • Vol 21, issue 6 (December 2006), on clock outputs

Special Features[edit]

  • In Vol 22, issue 3 (June 2007), on mathematical modeling
  • Vols 30 and 31 (2015, 2016), 17 reviews on body (peripheral) clocks


Journal of Biological Rhythms publishes papers on the understanding of basic nature, mechanisms, and functions underlying the generation, entrainment and expression of biological rhythms in plants, animals, and humans. The journal contains original research primarily on circadian and seasonal rhythms. It covers all aspects of biological rhythms, using genetic, biochemical, physiological, behavioral, epidemiological & modeling approaches, as well as clinical trials.


The Journal of Biological Rhythms covers topics in chronobiology, namely circadian and seasonal rhythms from a variety of different disciplines. Rhythms are placed within the context of their functional significance for the health and well-being of relevant organisms, including humans. The journal presents work that aims to understand the basic nature, mechanisms, and functions underlying rhythm generation, entrainment, and expression in plants, animals, and humans.


All Issues[edit]

Year Volume Issues and pages
2017 32 1 (February) *Current Issue*, pp. 3–93
2016 31 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–616
2015 30 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–459
2014 29 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–469
2013 28 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–367
2012 27 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–431
2011 26 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–564
2010 25 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–468
2009 24 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–535
2008 23 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–542
2007 22 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–561
2006 21 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–518
2005 20 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–560
2004 19 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–556
2003 18 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–523
2002 17 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–579
2001 16 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–593
2000 15 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–536
1999 14 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–624
1998 13 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–538
1997 12 1-6 (Feb., Apr., Jun., Aug., Oct., Dec.) pp. 3–708
1996 11 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 4–361
1995 10 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 4–350
1994 9 1-2,3/4 (Mar., Jul., Dec.) pp. 1–331
1993 8 1-4 (Apr., Jul., Oct., Dec.) pp. 1–365
1992 7 1-4 (Apr., Jul., Oct., Dec.) pp. 1–359
1991 6 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–369
1990 5 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–361
1989 4 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–490
1988 3 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–384
1987 2 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–329
1986 1 1-4 (Mar., Jun., Sep., Dec.) pp. 1–325

Most Cited Publications[edit]

Year Volume Issue Title Primary Authors Times Cited
2011 26 5 A New ImageJ Plug-in “ActogramJ” for Chronobiological Analyses Benjamin Schmid, Charlotte Helfrich-Förster, Taishi Yoshii 29
2008 23 4 An Endogenous Circadian Rhythm in Sleep Inertia Results in Greatest Cognitive Impairment upon Awakening during the Biological Night Frank A. J. L. Scheer, Thomas J. Shea, Michael F. Hilton, Steven A. Shea 26
2005 20 3 Short-Wavelength Sensitivity of the Human Circadian System to Phase-Advancing Light Victoria L. Revell, Josephine Arendt, Michael Terman, Debra J. Skene 16
2003 18 1 Life between Clocks: Daily Temporal Patterns of Human Chronotypes Till Roenneberg, Anna Wirz-Justice, Martha Merrow 100+
2002 17 2 Comparisons of the Variability of Three Markers of the Human Circadian Pacemaker Elizabeth B. Klerman, Hayley B. Gershengorn, Jeanne F. Duffy, Richard E. Kronauer 75
1997 12 5 Salivary Melatonin as a Circadian Phase Marker: Validation and Comparison to Plasma Melatonin Athena Voultsios, David J. Kennaway, Drew Dawson 61

Most Read Publications[edit]

Year Volume Issue Title Primary Authors
2016 31 6 In-depth Characterization of Firefly Luciferase as a Reporter of Circadian Gene Expression in Mammalian Cells Kevin A. Feeney, Marrit Putker, Marco Brancaccio, John S. O’Neill
2016 31 6 Differential Phasing between Circadian Clocks in the Brain and Peripheral Organs in Humans Jacob J. Hughey, Atul J. Butte
2015 30 4 Circadian Clocks in the Immune System Nathalie Labrecque, Nicolas Cermakian
2015 30 1 Timing of Examinations Affects School Performance Differently in Early and Late Chronotypes Vincent van der Vinne, Giulia Zerbini, Anne Siersema, Amy Pieper, Martha Merrow, Roelof A. Hut, Till Roenneberg, Thomas Kantermann
2006 21 6 Neurobiology of the Sleep-Wake Cycle: Sleep Architecture, Circadian Regulation, and Regulatory Feedback Patrick M. Fuller, Joshua J. Gooley, Clifford B. Saper
2003 18 1 Life between Clocks: Daily Temporal Patterns of Human Chronotypes Till Roenneberg, Anna Wirz-Justice, Martha Merrow

Publication Process[edit]

All publication submissions are processed through SAGE Publishing. Manuscripts that do not maintain sufficient quality and meet the aims and scope of the Journal of Biological Rhythms will not be reviewed. The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics and thus requests that all submissions abide by the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical journal Editors (ICMJE). The researcher must have submitted an original manuscript that is neither being considered for publication elsewhere nor has been published elsewhere. For any copyright works that are not owned by the relevant researchers, it is required that they supply all necessary permissions for its reproduction. The journal maintains no publication charges except in cases of heavy color printing and exceptionally long articles.


The journal's current Editor-in-Chief is William J. Schwartz, a professor in the department of neurology at The University of Texas at Austin. The journal's Deputy Editor is Dave Weaver, a professor at University of Massachusetts Medical School in the department of neurobiology.[4] The journal's founding editor, Benjamin Rusak, teaches at Dalhousie University Faculty of Medicine in Nova Scotia, where he researches the effects of sleep and circadian rhythms on human health.[5] The second editor, Fred W. Turek, researches the genetic basis of sleep and circadian rhythms in the department of neurobiology at Northwestern University.[6] Martin Zatz, a researcher at the National Institute for Mental Health best known for his work on the chick pineal gland, was the editor for the Journal of Biological Rhythms from 2000 to 2013.[7] A collection of his editorials, often satirical in nature, was compiled by the Society for Research on Biological Rhythms, or SRBR.[8]

List of Editors-in-Chief:[1]

  • Benjamin Rusak (1986-1994)
  • Fred W. Turek (1995-1999)
  • Martin ("Marty") Zatz (2000-2013)
  • William ("Bill") Schwartz (2014–present)

In Popular Media[edit]

The Journal of Biological Rhythms appears in a number of popular media sites:

Abstracting and indexing[edit]

Journal of Biological Rhythms is abstracted and indexed in, among other databases: SCOPUS, and the Social Sciences Citation Index.


The full journal is available online on the Journal of Biological Rhythms website through SAGE Publishing. All published issues can be accessed and are searchable by decade, volume, and issue. Articles that appear in each issue can be viewed online or downloaded as a PDF. Journal subscriptions are available at a variety of levels, including options for individuals and institutions for both print and online content. Target audiences include medical professionals and researchers in the field of chronobiology, though the journal's material is accessible to the general public.

Current article abstracts can be viewed on PubMed, with links to the full text redirecting to the Journal of Biological Rhythms website for viewing. Older article texts can also be requested on ResearchGate. The journal also publishes special publication collections consisting of selected articles on a chosen topic. These collections can be viewed on the journal website.

Impact and Awards[edit]

According to the Journal Citation Reports, its 2015 impact factor is 2.824.[12] Impact factor is the average number of citations per publication by a given journal in a year, and serves as an indicator of readership and relevance. Research Gate gives the journal a 2015/2016 Impact Factor of 2.38.[13] According to Sage Publications, the journal has a 2015 Five-Year Impact Factor of 3.167, ranking it 19th out of 86 journals under the Biology category, and 29th out of 83 journals under the Physiology category.[14]


  1. ^ a b c Schwartz, William (February 2014). "Passing the Torch (Or Is It "Passing the LED Lamp" Nowadays?)". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 29 (1): 3. doi:10.1177/0748730413514360. 
  2. ^ a b Schwartz, William (February 2016). "Thirty Years". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 31 (1): 3. doi:10.1177/0748730415627080. PMID 26759427. 
  3. ^ Schwartz, William J. April 26, 2017. Personal Interview.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Yang, Nan; Meng, Qing-Jun (2016-10-01). "Circadian Clocks in Articular Cartilage and Bone: A Compass in the Sea of Matrices". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 31 (5): 415–427. doi:10.1177/0748730416662748. ISSN 1552-4531. PMID 27558096. 
  10. ^ Vartanian, Garen V.; Li, Benjamin Y.; Chervenak, Andrew P.; Walch, Olivia J.; Pack, Weston; Ala-Laurila, Petri; Wong, Kwoon Y. (2015-08-01). "Melatonin Suppression by Light in Humans Is More Sensitive Than Previously Reported". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 30 (4): 351–354. doi:10.1177/0748730415585413. ISSN 1552-4531. PMC 4499476Freely accessible. PMID 26017927. 
  11. ^ a b c de la Iglesia, Horacio O.; Fernández-Duque, Eduardo; Golombek, Diego A.; Lanza, Norberto; Duffy, Jeanne F.; Czeisler, Charles A.; Valeggia, Claudia R. (2015-08-01). "Access to Electric Light Is Associated with Shorter Sleep Duration in a Traditionally Hunter-Gatherer Community". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 30 (4): 342–350. doi:10.1177/0748730415590702. ISSN 0748-7304. PMC 5320422Freely accessible. PMID 26092820. 
  12. ^ "InCites™ [v2.36] - Sign In". Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  13. ^ "Journal of Biological Rhythms RG Impact & Description - ResearchGate - Impact Rankings ( 2015, 2016 and 2017 )". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-04-11. 
  14. ^ "Journal of Biological Rhythms | SAGE Publications Inc". Retrieved 2017-04-11. 

External links[edit]