Journey to the River Sea
Front cover of the first edition
Gina Suter |
Kevin Hawkes (US)
|Genre||Children's adventure novel|
Macmillan Children's Books |
E. P. Dutton (US)
|Media type||Print (hardcover)|
ISBN 0525467394 (US)
|LC Class||PZ7.I11555 Jo 2001a|
Journey to the River Sea is an adventure novel written by Eva Ibbotson and published by MacMillan in 2001. It is set mainly in Manaus, Brazil early in the twentieth century and conveys the author's vision of the Amazon River.
It was a finalist for all of the major British children's literary awards (below), winning the Smarties Prize, ages 9–11, and garnering an unusual commendation as runner-up for the Guardian Award. Anne Fine, British Children's Laureate (1952-2001 and one of three former winners on the Guardian panel, wrote that "we all fell on Eva Ibbotson's perfectly judged, brilliantly light to read, civilised Journey To The River Sea, in which we are shown how, as one of the characters Miss Minton reminds us, 'Children must lead big lives... if it is in them to do so.' because, in any other year, we would have handed her the prize without a thought."
Maia is an orphan and the main character of the book. Bright, passionate, adventurous, determined and resourceful, Maia is extremely talented in music and has a great ambition for life. Maia used to live and study in a boarding school in England; all fees were subsidized by her parents' trust fund. She journeys to the Amazon to live with her relatives, the Carters, who exploit, neglect and abuse her, only keeping her under their roof for the sake of her parents' money. She grows close to her governess, Miss Minton. She also forms remarkably close bonds with both Clovis King and Finn Taverner, who are, if in different ways, in lonely and vulnerable situations similar to her own. Maia is excited and mystified by the unexplored Amazon and deeply cares about it once it becomes her own home.
Clovis (Jimmy Bates: as Clovis is his stage name) is an impoverished boy actor who dreams of going home to England. He has a mishap in Manaus and leaves the acting troupe as they fall into debt and are arrested. Later, Clovis takes Finn's place as heir at Westwood in England, convincing detectives of the false identity. He is reunited with his foster mother who persuades him to reveal his true identity. Clovis tries to reveal his identity on a number of occasions — one of which results in disaster, and Clovis remains heir to Westwood. He has feelings for Maia, asking Finn whether he can "have Maia when she's grown up." He ends the book living as the wealthy heir Finn Taverner. Clovis is kind and sensitive-yet his insecurities and anxiety (characterised by his frequent homesickness and tears) are mistaken at first for cowardice. The book concludes with him having found courage, using his acting talent to succeed in his dream of reaching England and his mother.
Finn Taverner is a half-Indian, half-English boy who is the true heir of Westwood (his father's aristocratic home). Loathing to leave his life on the Amazon, however, he spends a long period of time evading those who wish to return him to England. He befriends Maia and comes to trust her completely. With her help, he persuades Clovis to take on his identity and become heir of Westwood in his place. Afterwards, he sails down the rivers along with Maia looking for the Xanti (his mother's tribe) and succeeds. At the end of the book, he, Maia, Professor Glastonbury and Miss Minton all remain in the Amazon, referring to it as "home". It is implied that Finn too has romantic feelings for Maia, most notably when Clovis asks if he can "have Maia when she's grown up" and Finn's smile vanishes and he answers 'no'.
Mrs. Carter is the twins' mother, and Mr. Carter's wife. It is clear she only took Maia in for the money that came with her. She uses this to buy various varieties of insect repellent as she is shown to hate bugs. She is also greedy and demonstrates signs of increasing mental instability towards the end of the book. When she gets the money Maia brought she doesn't spend it on Maia's needs such as piano lessons for her she just uses it to buy herself clothes and her daughter twins dresses. She is in debt, and all the other families living in Manaus despise the Carters. When her house is set on fire, she goes to live with a distant relative, who turns Mrs. Carter into her personal maid.
Mr. Carter is the twins' father. He is in debt in Manaus and is wanted for fraud in England after embezzling the bank where he worked. He is shown to be manipulative and has an obsession with collecting famous peoples' glass eyes. At the end of the novel he is sent to prison in the Amazon after failing to pay workers and loan sharks. He also gets taken to prison by Gonzales. Mr. Carter is a very mysterious man; he doesn't really care for his family and spends all day in his messy office obsessing over his collection of eyeballs. He loves his collection of eyeballs to such an extent that when the Carters' home caught fire, he chose to retrieve his collection of eyes from his office instead of helping Maia from the burning house. When questioned by Miss Minton at the hospital he claims that he tried to get to Maia's room but the fire prevented him from reaching her.
Miss Minton (Arabella)
Miss Minton is the governess of Maia and the twins. She is reserved, though caring. She is very slender and bony, and wears only black, preferring gothic statements such as a spear shaped hatpin and steel, beaked umbrella. She is strict and concerned with routine and proper learning-encouraging Maia to study Portuguese, for example, in the empty dining room of a ship caught in a storm, or asking Finn to continue his Latin studies whilst in the Amazon rainforest. She loves reading books, particularly Shakespeare. A close friend of Bernard Taverner, she is revealed to be the maid who helped him escape his abusive household and reach the Amazon when they were younger. This is realised as her friend named his boat after her: the "Arabella". Minton takes the job with the Carters in order to follow her late friend's journey to the Amazon. Minton is extremely intelligent, having been revealed to have knowledge of all the plots the children concoct but allowing them to take place. She has a witty and dry sense of humour, and is cunning, using deception and acting in order to protect the children from unkind and corrupt individuals such as the detectives. Miss Minton grows to love Maia and treats her like her own child. She finally manages to persuade Mr Murray to let her and Maia live together in the Amazon. Furthermore, she seems to find romance with Doctor Glastonberry, a naturalist and Bernard's close friend. He eventually proposes to her, but she is not certain of her suitability to marry.
Mr Trapwood and Mr Low (The Crows)
The two detectives who search for Finn (who is the right choice) on behalf of Aubrey Taverner. They are greedy, hoping only for money in exchange for their work, and are clumsy and unkind in their attempts to discover the boy. Two unwittingly comedic individuals, Mr Trapwood being harsh and tall and Mr Low being short with a high pitched tone, they wear only black suits despite the weather. Whilst being lead astray from their mission by residents of Manaus and the Amazonian natives (all of whom despise them, being friends of Bernard and Finn Taverner), they befall a series of comedic misfortunes. Their racism towards the natives is also their downfall, as they are mocked by the tribes, refuse to change out of British attire and therefore overheat, and are easily deceived by Finn's charade towards the end of the novel due to their irrational prejudices.
Maia is an orphan living and studying in the Mayfair Academy for Young Ladies in England. However, word comes from Mr. Murray, a lawyer and her guardian, that he has found her relatives who are willing to take her in, called the Carters. Along with a governess, Miss Minton, Maia goes by sea to Manaus, Brazil. On the ship, she befriends a boy named Clovis King, who is traveling in the acting troupe run by his adoptive parents, the Goodleys. He wishes to go back to England, to his foster mother, but the Goodleys won't let him. Maia promises that she will go and see his play once in Brazil.
The Carters are not as kind as she had hoped for. They do not embrace their surroundings and almost always stay indoors, except for trips to Manaus. Beatrice and Gwendolyn, the twins, are selfish and seem to be brought up strictly to be British. When time comes to see Clovis's play in the town, the twins tell a lie and say that all the tickets had sold out so they couldn't buy one for her. Maia goes to see Clovis, and she secretly slips out of the Carters house to get there. When she gets lost, an Indian boy takes her to the theatre on his boat. When Maia finally gets to watch Little Lord Fauntleroy, Clovis is acting very well, but in the most important part, his voice cracks and the play is ruined.
Later, Maia meets a half-Xanti, half-British boy called Finn Taverner and finds out that he was the boy who gave her a ride to Clovis's act. Men (Mr. Trapwood and Mr. Low), whom Maia nicknames "the crows", are chasing him because his grandfather had wanted to find the heir of Westwood, the estate of the wealthy Taverner family. Finn doesn't want to go, because of the terrible memories his father had of living in Westwood and because he wants to travel up the Amazon to where an Indian tribe (his mother's tribe) called the Xanti live. Afterward, Clovis meets Finn too and Finn suggests that they swap positions by making Clovis take the place of Finn because Clovis wants to go back to England and Finn wants to stay in Brazil. Clovis will pretend to be Finn Taverner and become the heir to Westwood, while Finn will explore the "River Sea" (the name given to the Amazon River by locals).
The swapping is successful, and for a while, everything seems to be going fairly well. But then one day, Miss Minton disappears. She has plans to rescue Maia from the Carters by taking the place of Mademoiselle Lille, the governess to a Russian family, the Keminskys, Maia's friends Sergei and Olga and their parents, the Count and Countess Keminsky. However, Maia, who Miss Minton eventually plans to take with her, does not know this and believes that she has been abandoned. While she is gone, the twins accidentally start a fire in the Carters's home. Mrs. Carter, distracted by Beatrice and Gwendolyn's fighting, accidentally spills insect repellent onto the oil lamp, burning the twins' bedroom and finally the whole house. The Carters are sent to the hospital in the river ambulance, but Maia is left on her own. She is found by Finn and he takes her on his boat, the Arabella, to embark on the adventure she had hoped for.
Miss Minton and her friend, Professor Neville Glastonberry, chase after them by boat as well. They find the Xanti and for a short time, they live with them and are perfectly happy. Then a problem presents itself. Maia is singing for the Xanti, and the police from Manaus hear her voice and also find Miss Minton's corset, and, thinking they will rescue Miss Minton, Maia, and the curator of the Natural History museum, take them back to Manaus.
Meanwhile, in England, Clovis confesses that he is not the heir and wishes to go home, which causes Sir Aubrey to have a heart attack. Finn goes to Westwood, his father's home, to help Clovis, but Clovis tells him that he has since told Sir Aubrey that his confession was simply a joke. Finn is relieved as this means he can return to Brazil.
In the end, Mrs. Carter, Beatrice and Gwendolyn return to England to become servants of their wealthy relative, Lady Parsons. However, Maia, Miss Minton and Finn all return home (To Manaus) and Clovis "Finn" becomes the heir.
Journey to the River Sea won the Nestlé Smarties Book Prize for reader ages 9–11. It was identified as runner-up for the Guardian Children's Fiction Prize and it made the shortlist for the Carnegie Medal; the Whitbread Award, Children's Book; and the Blue Peter Book Award.
- "And the winner is ... : ... a book that lasts. Kevin Crossley-Holland's The Seeing Stone creates a real world whose people you will remember a lifetime, says Anne Fine, introducing our recommendations for young readers". [Anne Fine]. The Guardian 9 October 2001. Retrieved 2012-06-19.
- "Press Desk: Shortlists for the CILIP Carnegie and Kate Greenaway Children's Book Awarded in 2002". The CILIP Carnegie and Kate Greenaway Children’s Book Awards. n.d. Retrieved 2009-06-15.