Jovellanos municipality (red) within
Matanzas Province (yellow) and Cuba
|Founded||1842 (Corral de la Bemba)|
|Established||February 26, 1866|
|• Total||505 km2 (195 sq mi)|
|Elevation||45 m (148 ft)|
|• Density||116.2/km2 (301/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
It was founded in 1842 as Corral de la Bemba on the location of an old ranch called Bemba. It took its current name in 1870, in honor of the Spanish writer Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos. The same year it achieved the status of villa (town).
Jovellanos is also called "Bemba" by its inhabitants and locals. "Bemba" means "big lip" in Cuban Spanish; this term refers to the black population of the city. To outsiders, it may have negative racial overtones, but in the city this is not the case. Inside Jovellanos, the black and white population for the most part live harmoniously, side by side. Therefore, "Bemba" is an affectionate name for the town used by locals.
- Guije.com. "Jovellanos" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
- Media related to Jovellanos at Wikimedia Commons