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|Type||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||66 cm × 117 cm (26 in × 46 in)|
|Location||Courtesy of the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC|
Joy Garnett (born 1965 ) is a painter and writer in Brooklyn, New York, USA. Garnett's paintings, based variously on news photographs, scientific imagery and military documents she gathers from the Internet, examine the apocalyptic-sublime at the intersections of media, politics and culture. She engages contemporary consumption of media and the delineation between journalistic and artistic images. She takes the digital image itself as her subject and is interested in digital media in general. She is married to visual artist Bill Jones.
Her work is often associated with sampling in new media art and with appropriation art. Controversy surrounding her 2003 painting Molotov has drawn international scrutiny to issues of ownership and fair use in appropriation art. Garnett's work has been reproduced in publications including Harper's, Perspecta: The Yale School of Architecture Journal, and Cabinet magazine.
Commissions, Awards, Residencies
In 2011, Garnett was commissioned by the Chipstone Foundation and the Milwaukee Art Museum to produce a painting and a film documenting its making for the traveling exhibition "The Tool at Hand." In 2007, Garnett was invited to the iCommons Summit in Dubrovnik, Croatia to be an Artist in Residence. In 2005 she was granted a residency at the Atlantic Center for the Arts. In 2004, Garnett received an Anonymous Was A Woman Award before the age restriction was limited to women over 45. In 2002 she was the recipient of grants from the Lower Manhattan Cultural Council (LMCC)'s Manhattan Community Arts Fund to organize the group exhibition "Night Vision" at White Columns, NYC, and again in 2003 to produce an installation at the "Terrorvision" exhibition at Exit Art, NYC. In 2000 she received a grant from London's The Wellcome Trust to produce paintings for an exhibition held jointly at venues in London and Cambridge, organized by Kettle's Yard, Cambridge, UK. In 1990-91, while completing her MFA at City College, Garnett received the Elizabeth Ralston McCabe Connor Award for excellence in graduate studies in painting.
Education and early career
Garnett completed her undergraduate work at McGill University in Quebec, Canada in 1983. In 1984 she went to Paris to study painting, and in 1985 she enrolled at École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, where she remained until she returned to New York in 1988. Once back in New York, she entered the graduate program at The City College of New York where she received her MFA in 1991. While attending City College, Garnett received the Elizabeth Ralston McCabe Connor Award.
After graduating, her work was exhibited in several group shows, including the Summer Show at Debs & Co., New York in 1999. Debs & Co. also hosted her first solo exhibition the following spring, entitled "Buster-Jangle", a collection of paintings that appropriated photos of atomic bomb tests from the 1950s that Garnett found on the web after they were released by the US government under the Freedom of Information Act. Her work was reviewed and noted for its exploration of a “paradoxical realm of terrible beauty… tying together the histories of the bomb and American landscape painting."
The Bomb Project
In 1997, while doing research for her first solo exhibition, Garnett began gathering images and documents about nuclear testing from primary sources on the Internet. Eventually this resulted in an online compilation of material known as The Bomb Project. Spawned from her extensive imagery search, it led to an experimental recontextualization of images in a constantly growing archive. In creating The Bomb Project, Garnett addresses the role of the digital image as a cultural artifact, and attempts to reveal the information and hegemonic coding within these images with as little intervention as possible. She seeks to “establish a context where art, science and government are presented as interlocking and overlapping areas.” Since its launch in 2000, the Bomb Project has been expanded to include still and moving declassified imagery, as well primary source documents, links to current events and news articles. The original documentation, produced by the nuclear industry, is offered side by side with activist views, providing a context for comparative study, analysis and creativity. In its current form, the compendium is intended to be used as a resource for other artists.
Garnett is known for her appropriation of mass media images in her paintings. She collects images from news sources on the internet and saves them in her archives without noting the source or original photographer. Later, she recreates them in the form of oil painting on canvas. Each painting is produced in one sitting. Stylistically, the results are expressionist as opposed to photorealist.
Use of found images
Garnett explores the problem of the found object by re-mediating and transforming the image of a journalistic photograph by painting it, thereby both shifting its context and opening it up for multiple interpretations by the viewer, as is consistent within the framework and context of art.
While Garnett’s appropriation art may be regarded by some as an extension of the postmodernist ambition to defy traditional notions of originality and authorship, it may be best framed in terms of the tradition of painting that responds to, engages and extends contemporary media theory. In any case, Garnett pushes the boundaries of her medium in order to understand its constraints more fully.
Molotov and surrounding controversy
|Type||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||178 cm × 152 cm (70 in × 60 in)|
Garnett's 2004 exhibition Riot featured a series of paintings based on images pulled from mass media sources, depicting figures in "extreme emotional states." One of the paintings, entitled Molotov, was originally sourced from a jpeg found on the Internet that was later discovered to be a fragment of a larger photograph taken by Susan Meiselas during the Sandinista Revolution (1979). After the Riot exhibition closed, Meiselas's lawyer contacted Garnett with a cease and desist letter claiming copyright infringement and "piracy" of Meiselas' photograph. Garnett acceded, but popular support for her artwork, marshalled via Rhizome.org, inspired a solidarity campaign called Joywar, in which images of Garnett's painting were reposted widely on the Internet, or remixed and circulated in new forms.
The incident has become a prominent case-study of re-use in art.
Garnett's 2010 solo exhibition "Boom & Bust"  at Winkleman Gallery, NY, zeroed-in further on the explosion as spectacle and metaphor. Her previous solo show in 2008 at Winkleman Gallery consisted of four large paintings connected by the suggestion that their source photographs were possibly taken at precisely the same moment in different locations around the world. This work comments upon mass media imagery as a kind of global lingua franca.
Her 2007 exhibition "Strange Weather", was held at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington DC. Using mass media images of Hurricane Katrina as source material, Garnett "locates tensions between the visceral power of paint and the fleeting nature of images in the mass media, addressing the evolving role of art in an information-saturated society."
Garnett curated group exhibitions (see "Reflective Reflexion"  at the Curatorial Research Lab, NY, 2010 and "Things Fall Apart"  at Winkleman Gallery, NY, 2009.) Forthcoming exhibitions and projects are listed on the artist's website. Garnett is the Arts Editor for Cultural Politics , a tri-annual journal that examines the connections between cultural identities, political issues and conflicts, and global media.
Selected Publications and Exhibition Catalogs
- Exhibition catalog (group): The Tool at Hand Ethan W. Lasser, editor. Chipstone Foundation, Milwaukee WI, 2013
- Convergence: The Art Collection of the National Academy of Sciences National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 2012
- Exhibition catalog (solo): Strange Weather: New Paintings by Joy Garnett; essays by Lucy R. Lippard and Andrew Revkin. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 2007 Images
- Exhibition catalog (group): Atomic Afterimage: Cold War Imagery in Contemporary Art; Exhibition and Essay by Keely Orgeman. Foreword by Patricia Hills. Boston University Art Gallery, 2007
- Exhibition catalog (group): Image War: Contesting Images of Political Conflict; Whitney Museum of American Art, Independent Study Program, NY, 2006
- Exhibition brochure (group): Night Vision; essay by Tim Griffin. First Pulse Projects, NY, 2002
- Exhibition catalog (solo): Rocket Science; essays by Manuel De Landa and Bruce Sterling. Debs & Co., New York, NY, 2001
- Artist's multiple: Buster-Jangle; Debs & Co., New York, NY, 1999 Images
- Article: "The Grift Economy," Art21 Magazine, Apr/May 2014
- Article: “Lost in Transmission," Art21 Magazine, Feb/Mar 2014
- Article: "Free-Fail," Art21 Magazine, Dec/Jan 2013-2014
- Article: "They Are the World," Art21 Magazine, Oct/Nov 2013
- Article: "Cariou vs. Prince: The Copyright Bungle," Artnet Magazine, March 31, 2011 (about the Cariou v. Prince copyright case)
- Book chapter: "Virilio and Visual Culture: On the American Apocalyptic Sublime", on painting and Paul Virilio, co-authored with John Armitage. Virilio Now: Current Perspectives in Virilio Studies (ed. J. Armitage), Polity, Cambridge, UK; Henan University Press, Beijing (2011)
- Book chapter: "Vertov's Accident (Or, 'The Paint Still')", in Vertov From V to A, edited by Peggy Ahwesh + Keith Sanborn, Ediciones la Calavera (2008).
- Interview: Joy Garnett with Ryan Bishop. Theory Culture + Society, April 2010. To coincide with special issue, Changing Climates (May 2010)
- Journal article: "Radicalizing Refamiliarization", by Joy Garnett & John Armitage (U. of Northumbria). Journal of Visual Culture 8:2 (August 2009)
- Journal article: "Portfolio: On the Rights of Molotov Man - Appropriation and the art of context," by Joy Garnett and Susan Meiselas. Harper's Magazine (February 2007) [pp. 53–58].
- Journal article: "In Their Own Words: Image Junkie", NYFA Current, New York Foundation for the Arts (April 20, 2005) Vol.14, no.8
- Journal article: "Follow the Image"; Field Report, Cultural Politics, 1:1 Berg, Oxford (UK), March 2005
- Brewer, Paul: Curator's Statement. "Blasts," G Fine Art, Washington, DC, Sept 10 - Oct 22, 2005
- "Portfolio: On the Rights of Molotov Man - Appropriation and the art of context," by Joy Garnett and Susan Meiselas. Harper's Magazine (February 2007) [pp.53-58]
- "The Tool at Hand," Milwaukee Art Museum, Dec 2011-Apr 2012
- iCommons Summit 2007, Dubrovnik, Croatia: Announcement of Artists in Residence
- Atlantic Center for the Arts Residency Program
- Anonymous Was A Woman, press release 2004
- Anonymous Was A Woman, official site
- Manhattan Community Arts Fund
- "Night Vision", official site
- N01se exhibition, 2000
- Garnett’s resume via first pulse projects
- Griffin, Tim. “Joy Garnett, Buster-Jangle.” TimeOut NY, Issue No. 193 June 3–10, 1999.
- The Bomb Project, (about page)
- Miranda, Carolina, "Gallerina: WNYC's Datebook to Arts Events Around Town," Oct. 14, 2010
- video footage of the artist at work
- Butler, Sharon, "Blast Radius," The Huffington Post, October 25, 2010
- Strange Weather, catalogue essay, Lucy Lippard, Strange Weather, The National Academy of Sciences, 2005
- Riot, Debs & Co., New York, January 15-February 21, 2004 Archived June 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Susan Meiselas, "Sandinistas at the walls of the Esteli National Guard headquarters, Esteli, Nicaragua, 1979" 
- Stephen Marvin, 'Copyright Innovation in Art', International Journal of Conservation Science, 4 (2013), 729-734 (pp. 731--72).
- New Paintings Press Release, Winkleman Gallery, January 25, 2008.
- Strange Weather Press Release, National Academy of Sciences, December 15, 2006.
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