Joyce Wieland

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Joyce Wieland
Joyce Wieland.jpg
Joyce Wieland
Born Toronto, ON
Died Toronto, ON
Nationality Canadian
Education Central Technical School
Known for Film, painting
Movement Avant-Garde, Postmodernism
Spouse(s) Michael Snow (1956-1970)
Awards Royal Canadian Academy of Arts

Officer, Order of Canada

Joyce Wieland, OC (June 30, 1931 – June 27, 1998) was a Canadian experimental filmmaker and mixed media artist.


Wieland was born in Toronto in 1931. Wieland's aptitude for art was first expressed during her childhood, when she made many drawings and comic books to help her cope with the death of her parents.[1] As a teenager, she attended Central Technical School, where she studied commercial art and graphic design.[1][2] After completing her schooling, she worked at an animation studio, where she learned techniques she would later apply in her own films.[1]

In 1956, Wieland married filmmaker Michael Snow, who she had met through her job at the animation studio.[1][3] She had her first solo exhibition in 1960 at the Isaacs gallery in Toronto, making her the only woman that the prestigious gallery represented and instantly earning her greater recognition for her work.[3]

In 1962, Wieland and Snow moved to New York where they lived until 1970.[2] She attracted critical recognition of her work, including her 1971 solo show at the National Gallery of Canada, the first for a living female artist.[4] Eventually, she moved back to Toronto. Wieland later divorced Snow and maintained a studio practice in Toronto until her death on June 27, 1998 from Alzheimer's disease.[5] She was made a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.[6] She was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1982.


Wieland was an experimental filmmaker and artist whose work challenged and bridged boundaries among avant-garde film factions of her time. Her works introduced a kind of manual manipulation of the filmstrip that inscribed an explicitly female craft tradition into her films while also playing with the facticity of photographed images. Wieland's output was small but received considerable attention in comparison to other female avant-garde filmmakers of her time. As both a gallery artist and a filmmaker, Wieland was able to cross over between those realms and to garner attention and support in both.

Barren Ground Caribou, a fabric installation by Joyce Wieland at Spadina subway station in Toronto.

Films by Joyce Wieland[edit]

  • Tea in the Garden (circa 1956)[7]
  • A Salt in the Park (1958)
  • Larry's Recent Behaviour (1963)
  • Patriotism (1964)
  • Patriotism, Part II (1964)
  • Water Sark (1965)
  • Barbara's Blindness (1965) (co-directed with Betty Ferguson)
  • Peggy's Blue Skylight (1964–66)
  • Handtinting (1967–68)
  • 1933 (1967–68)
  • Sailboat (1967–68)
  • Rat Life and Diet in North America (1968)
  • Dripping Water (1969) (co-directed with Michael Snow)
  • Cat Food (1969)
  • Reason Over Passion/la raison avant la passion (1969) (a meditation on the Canada of Pierre Trudeau)
  • Pierre Vallières (1972)
  • Solidarity (1973)
  • The Far Shore (1976)
  • A and B in Ontario (1984) (co-directed with Hollis Frampton)
  • Birds at Sunrise (1972–86)

Films about Joyce Wieland[edit]

  • Artist on Fire. Joyce Wieland (Canada 1987) directed by Kay Armatage


  1. ^ a b Zemans, Joyce. "Joyce Wieland". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Joyce Wieland". Celebrating Women's Achievements. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ Angel, Sara (Fall 2011). "True Patriot Love: A landmark show turns 40". Canadian Art 28 (3): 104–110. 
  4. ^ Johnson, Brian D. (July 13, 1998). "ADIEU TO TWO PIONEERS: Joyce Wieland 1931-1998, Bill Reid 1920-1998". Maclean's 111 (28). 
  5. ^ "Members since 1880". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Elder, Kathryn (1999). The Films of Joyce Wieland. Toronto: Cinematheque Ontario. ISBN 0-9682969-2-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Johanne Sloan: Joyce Wieland's the Far Shore (Canadian Cinema), Univ of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1-4426-1060-3
  • Iris Nowell. A Life in Art, Toronto: ECW Press, 2001. ISBN 1-55022-476-X
  • Kathryn Elder. The Films of Joyce Wieland, Toronto: Cinematheque Ontario, 1999. ISBN 0-9682969-2-0
  • Lind, Jane (2001). Joyce Wieland: artist on fire. Toronto: J. Lorimer. ISBN 9781550286953. 
  • Kristy A. Holmes-Moss. "Negotiating the Nation: 'Expanding' the Work of Joyce Wieland" Canadian Journal of Film Studies, vol. 15, no. 2, pp 20–43

External links[edit]