Joypur, Bankura (community development block)

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Joypur
জয়পুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Joypur is located in West Bengal
Joypur
Joypur
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°02′51″N 87°26′48″E / 23.0474°N 87.4467°E / 23.0474; 87.4467Coordinates: 23°02′51″N 87°26′48″E / 23.0474°N 87.4467°E / 23.0474; 87.4467
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 262.74 km2 (101.44 sq mi)
Elevation 74 m (243 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 156,920
 • Density 600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722138 (Joypur)
722154 (Gelia)
Telephone/STD code 03244
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 74.57%
Lok Sabha constituency Bishnupur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Katulpur
Website bankura.gov.in

Joypur (also spelled Jaypur, Jaipur) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bishnupur subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Joypur is located at 23°02′51″N 87°26′48″E / 23.0474°N 87.4467°E / 23.0474; 87.4467.

Joypur CD Block is located in the eastern part of the district and belongs to the fertile low lying alluvial plains, similar to the predominating rice lands in the adjacent districts of West Bengal. Here, the eye constantly rests on wide expanses of rice fields, green in the rains but parched and dry in summer.[2][3]

Joypur CD Block is bounded by Patrasayer CD Block on the north, Indas and Kotulpur CD Blocks on the east, Garhbeta I CD Block in Paschim Medinipur district, on the south and Bishnupur CD Block on the west.[4][5]

It is located 50 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[4]

Joypur CD Block has an area of 263.82 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 116 gram sansads (village councils), 139 mouzas and 137 inhabited villages. Jaypur police station serves this block.[6] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Joypur.

In Bankura district 148,177 hactres or 21.5% of total geographical area of the district is forested. The forests contain the best quality sal (Shorea robusta) trees. Large forest areas exist in Sonamukhi, Joypur, Bishnupur, Khatra and Ranibandh areas.[7][8]

Gram panchayats of Joypur block/ panchayat samiti are: Gelia, Hetia, Jagannathpur, Kuchiakole, Maynapur, Routhkhanda, Salda, Shyamnagar and Uttarbar.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Joypur CD Block had a total population of 156,920, all of which were rural. There were 80,138 (51%) males and 76,782 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,516. Scheduled Castes numbered 61,005 (38.88%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,210 (2.05%).[10]

As per the 2001 census, Joypur block had a total population of 141,483, out of which 72,339 were males and 69,144 were females. Joypur block registered a population growth of 15.89 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent.[11] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[12]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Joypur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Salda (4,851), Kuchiakol (4,246), Maynapur (5,256) and Dakshinbar (4,031).[10]

Other villages in Joypur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jaypur (3,136), Gelia (1,655), Hetia (2,757), Rauthkhanda (3,697) and Shyamnagar (1,134).[10]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Joypur CD Block was 103,951 (74.57% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 59,088 (83.04% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 44,863 (65.74%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 17.30%.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

Religion in Jaipur CD Block
Hindu
  
84.60%
Muslim
  
14.93%
Christian
  
0.02%
Others
  
0.45%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 132,747 and formed 84.60% of the population in Jaipur CD Block. Muslims numbered 23,431 and formed 14.93% of the population. Christians numbered 29 and formed 0.02% of the population. Others numbered 713 and formed 0.45% of the population.[13] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[14] and other religious communities.[13]

BPL families[edit]

In Joypur CD Block 34.37% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[15]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

137 or 99% of mouzas in Joypur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 139 mouzas in Joypur CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 123 fertiliser depots, 13 seed stores and 40 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Joypur CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 19.10%, patta (document) holders 14.41%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.88%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 15.43% and agricultural labourers 46.17%.[16]

In 2003-04 net area sown Joypur CD Block was 14,039 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 9,650 hectares.[17]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Joypur CD Block was 19,907 hectares, out of which 14,474 hectares was by canal water, 2,021 hectares by tank water, 560 hectares by river lift irrigation, 524 hectares by deep tube well, 2,178 hectares by shallow tubewell and 150 hectares by open dug wells.[16]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block produced 29,897 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 10,990 hectares, 7,016 tonnes of Aus paddy from 2,699 hectares, 14,751 tonnes of Boro paddy from 5,569 hectares, 1,046 tonnes of wheat from 450 hectares and 21,585,000 tonnes of potatoes from 2,384 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[16]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Joypur CD Block had 575 looms in operation.[18]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 160 families were involved in Joypur CD Block.[19] T

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had offices of 5 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had 2 ferry services and 6 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

State Highway 2 (West Bengal) running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district) passes through this CD Block.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had 161 primary schools with 12,226 students, 18 middle schools with 2,705 students, 9 high schools with 4,158 students and 13 higher secondary schools with 12,059 students. Joypur CD Block had 1 general college with 1,112 students and 260 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,119 students.[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Joypur CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 4 primary health centres with total 52 beds and 5 doctors. It had 25 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 2,636 patients were treated indoor and 10,043 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ O’Malley, L.S.S., ICS, Bankura, Bengal District Gazetteers, pp. 1-20, first published 1908, 1995 reprint, Government of West Bengal
  4. ^ a b c "Jaypur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Official Website of Bankura district". Natural Resources - Forestry. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Bankura District, West Bengal" (PDF). Forests. MSME Development Institute, Kolkata. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.