Joypur, Purulia (community development block)

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Joypur
জয়পুর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Joypur is located in West Bengal
Joypur
Joypur
Coordinates: 23°26′00″N 86°08′00″E / 23.43333°N 86.13333°E / 23.43333; 86.13333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Purulia
Assembly constituency Joypur
Area
 • Total 230.50 km2 (89.00 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 111,715
 • Density 485/km2 (1,260/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 50.11
Website http://purulia.gov.in/
For other uses, see Jaipur (disambiguation).

Joypur (also spelled Jaipur) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Purulia Sadar West subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[2]

The CPI (Maoist) extremism affected CD Blocks in Purulia district were: Jhalda I, Jhalda II, Arsha, Baghmundi, Balarampur, Barabazar, Manbazar II and Bandwan.[3]Certain reports also included Manbazar I and Joypur CD Blocks and some times indicted the whole of Purulia district.[4]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[5] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Purulia is the western-most district of West Bengal.[7]The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[8]The generally flat uplands have spurs projected from the higher plateau in the west. Towards the east the undulatios are less pronounced and the country presents the appearance of rolling downs with isolated conical hills here and there. In the south, the Baghmundi or Ajodhya Hills reaches an elevation of over 2,000 feet at places. The district generally slopes down from the west to the east.[9]Important rivers in the district are: Damodar, Kangsabati, Kumari, Dwarakeswar and Subarnarekha.[10]Purulia district had a total forest cover of 185,726 hectares or 29.69% of the total land area in the district. Natural forest of the district is mainly restricted to the south-west part of the district covering the Ajodhya Hills and to the Panchet Hill in the north-east.[11]

Location[edit]

Joypur is located at 23°26′00″N 86°08′00″E / 23.433333°N 86.133333°E / 23.433333; 86.133333.

Joypur CD Block is bounded by Chas CD Block, in Bokaro district of Jharkhand, on the north and a part of the east, Purulia I CD Block, on the east, Arsha CD Block on the south and Jhalda II CD Block and Jaridih CD Block, in Bokaro district of Jharkhand, on the west.[12][13]

It is located 28 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[12]

Area and administration[edit]

Joypur CD Block has an area of 230.47 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 90 gram sansads, 113 mouzas, 109 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Joypur police station serves this block.[14]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Joypur.[15]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Joypur block/panchayat samiti are: Baragram, Ghagra, Joypur, Mukundapur, Ropo, Sidhi-Jamra and Upar-Kahan.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Joypur CD Block had a total population of 133,349, of which 123,090 were rural and 10,259 were urban. There were 68,977 (52%) males and 64,372 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,079. Scheduled Castes numbered 19,162 (14.37%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 13,074 (9.80%).[17]

As per 2001 census, Joypur block had a total population of 111,715, out of which 58,132 were males and 53,583 were females. Joypur block registered a population growth of 17.97 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[18]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[19]

Census Towns and villages[edit]

Census Towns in Joypur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jaypur (10,259).[17]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Joypur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Sidhi (4,665) and Barbenda (5,107). [17]

Other villages in Joypur CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Mukundpur (2,076), Baragram (2,811), Rop (3,340), Jamra (1,591), Gaghra (1,993) and Upar Kahan (2,960).[17]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Joypur CD Block was 65,044 (57.94% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 41,848 (72.06% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 23,196 (42.80% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 29.26%.[17]

As per the 2011 census, literacy in Purulia district was 64.48%, up from 55.57 in 2001.[20]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[21]Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[21]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[12]

Along the western borders of the district the local Bengali dialect spoken in the area often merges with Magahi dialects such as Kurmali, Khotta and Khottahi or even Khotta Bangla. There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Bhumij, Mundari and Mahli. However, the small number of people speaking some of these languages, particularly Bhumij, gave rise to doubts that many tribals have been recording Bengali as their language in different censuses, although they still speak their languages amongst themselves.[22]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Joypur CD Block
Hindu
  
74.57%
Muslim
  
9.58%
Christian
  
0.06%
Others
  
15.79%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 99,441 and formed 74.57% of the population in Joypur CD Block. Muslims numbered 12,769 and formed 9.58% of the population. Christians numbered 82 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 21,057 and formed 15.79% of the population.[23]Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[24]and other religious communities.[23]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 2,373,130 and formed 80.99% of the population in Puruliya district. Muslims numbered 227,249 and formed 7.76% of the population. Christians numbered 8,646 and formed 0.30% of the population. Others numbered 321,090 and formed 10.96% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[23]

BPL families[edit]

According to the summary report of the Rural Household Survey 2005, BPL families formed 32.85% of the families in Purulia district. In West Bengal as a whole, BPL families formed 34.12% of the families in the state. In Purulia district, the number of landless families formed 32.70% of the families in the district, agricultural labourers formed 41.03% and 13.76% of the families migrated for casual labour.[25]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had 17.26 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 69.50 km surfaced road and 9.0 km unsurfaced road under Zilla Parishad, 55.0 km surfaced roads and 216.0 km surfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti and 45.05 km surfaced roads under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.[26]

110 mouzas in Joypur CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014. The total consumption of electricity in Purulia district in 2013-14 was 228,350 KWH, out of which 130,376 KWH was domestic consumption and 925 KWH was for agricultural irrigation and dewatering.[26]

Agriculture[edit]

In Purulia district, cultivation is predominantly monocropped and more than half of the nett sown area is upland. Around 73% of the cultivated land is held in small patches by small and marginal farmers.[27]In 2013-14, nett sown area in Purulia district was 309,140 hectares. In Purulia district, 24,882 hectares of vested land was distributed amongst 97,393 beneficiaries up to 31 October 2013.[26]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Joypur CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.79%, patta (document) holders 18.13%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.27%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 29.91% and agricultural labourers 44.91%.[26]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Joypur CD Block was 4,372.98 hectares, out of which 300 hectares were by canals, 2,866.6 hectares by tank water, 66.38 hectares by river lift irrigation, 124.20 hectares by open dug wells and 715.80 hectares by other means.[26]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block produced 23,025 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 10,593 hectares. It also produced maize, maskalai, mustard and potatoes.[26]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Joypur CD Block, the net area undern effective pisciculture was 749 hectares in 2013-14. 6,177 persons were engaged in the profession. Approxiate annual production was 13,000 quintals.[26]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had offices of 5 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[26]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[26]

SH 4A running from Tulin to Chas Morh (both in Purulia district) passes through this block.[28]

The Purulia-Kotshila branch line of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Garh Jaipur.[29]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Joypur CD Block had 116 primary schools with 13,991 students, 21 middle schools with 1,433 students, 1 high school with 561 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 11,974 students. Joypur CD Block had 2 general colleges with 708 students and 179 institutions with 7,972 students for special and non-formal education.[26]

Culture[edit]

Ruins of three identical Bholababa temples are located at Boram, near Jaipur.[30]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Joypur CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 3 primary health centres with total 44 beds and 3 doctors. 5,122 patients were treated indoor and 222,090 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "IAP improving lives in Maoist-affected areas". Ideas for India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Maoists observe 24 hr bandh in five states". UNI, One India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Destination Purulia". Introduction. Purulia district adminstration. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  8. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  9. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purulia District, West Bengal" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Destination Purulia". District Profile. Purulia district adminstration. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "Jaipur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Joypur Development Block". Purulia district administration. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "Purulia District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  21. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  23. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "BPL survey". Department of Panchayats and Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 21.1, 8.2, 8.2(a), 5.1, 5.1(b), 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 18.3, 20.1, 21,2, 4.1, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  27. ^ "purulia.nic.in". District profile - agriculture. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  28. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  29. ^ "58621Adra-Barkakana Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  30. ^ "The Templenet Encyclopedia - Temples of West Bengal". TempleNet. Retrieved 2008-03-02.