Juab County, Utah

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Juab County, Utah
Nephi Utah post office.jpeg
Nephi Post Office (2010)
Map of Utah highlighting Juab County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
39°43′N 112°48′W / 39.71°N 112.80°W / 39.71; -112.80Coordinates: 39°43′N 112°48′W / 39.71°N 112.80°W / 39.71; -112.80
FoundedMarch 3, 1852
Named forNative American word for valley
SeatNephi
Largest cityNephi
Area
 • Total3,406 sq mi (8,821 km2)
 • Land3,392 sq mi (8,785 km2)
 • Water14 sq mi (36 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)11,250
 • Density3.32/sq mi (1.28/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.co.juab.ut.us

Juab County (/ˈæb/ JOO-ab) is a county in western Utah, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 10,246.[1] Its county seat and largest city is Nephi.[2]

Juab County is part of the ProvoOrem, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Salt Lake City–Provo–Orem, Utah Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The area of future Juab County was inhabited by nomadic indigenous peoples before the Mormon settlement of Utah beginning in 1847. Soon thereafter, Mormons and others traveling through the area had somewhat established a road to California, leading SSW from Great Salt Lake City. It passed Salt Creek,[3] flowing westward through a slough in the Wasatch Mountains. The area around this creek was often used as a stopping or camping spot by travelers, and by 1851 Mormon settlers had begun a settlement on the area. When the Utah Territory legislature created a county (by partitioning territory from Utah County) to oversee the growth and organization of the largely uninhabited and unarable area, this settlement (called Salt Creek) was the only real settlement worthy of the name, and it was designated as the county seat in March 3, 1852 legislative act. The new county's description included considerable territory falling in present-day Nevada. The county name reportedly derived from a Native American word meaning thirsty valley, or possibly only valley.

The county's boundaries were altered in 1854, in 1855, and 1856. Also in 1856 the Territory legislature, acknowledging the upcoming establishment of Nevada Territory, removed from the boundary description of Juab county all territories west of 114 degrees longitude. Further boundary adjustments were made in 1861, in 1862, in 1866, in 1870, in 1888, and 1913. A small adjustment between Juab and Sanpete counties on March 8, 1919 created the current Juab County configuration.[4]

Early settlers in Salt Creek devoted themselves to agriculture and livestock. However, by 1869 mining of precious metals had begun in the Tintic region. Mining towns including Diamond, Silver City, and Eureka appeared. By 1889 it was considered one of the nation's most productive mining areas. Mining continued as the dominant economic driver through mid-twentieth century, then subsided.[5] Salt Creek grew apace, although in 1882 the town name (and US Post Office designation) was changed to "Nephi".[6]

Geography[edit]

Juab County lies on the west side of Utah. Its west border abuts the east border of the state of Nevada. Its planar areas consist of rugged arid semi-arable fine-grain soil, interrupted with hills and low mountains. Its eastern border is loosely defined by the ridgeline of an arm of the Wasatch Mountains.[7] The terrain generally slopes to the north, with its highest point on Mount Ibapah,[8] a crest of the East Central Great Basin Range in northwest Juab County. The listed elevation of Mt. Ibapah is 12,087' (3684m) ASL.[9] The county has a total area of 3,406 square miles (8,820 km2), of which 3,392 square miles (8,790 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (0.4%) is water.[10]

Looking east across the Juab Valley and Mount Nebo, June 2012

Airports[edit]

  • Nephi Municipal Airport (NPH)

Highways[7][edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Lakes[7][edit]

  • Fish Springs
    • Curlew Pool
    • Egret Pool
    • Mallard Pool
    • Pintail Pool
  • Mona Reservoir
  • Yuba Lake (or Yuba Reservoir)
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860672
18702,034202.7%
18803,47470.8%
18905,58260.7%
190010,08280.6%
191010,7026.1%
19209,871−7.8%
19308,605−12.8%
19407,392−14.1%
19505,981−19.1%
19604,597−23.1%
19704,574−0.5%
19805,53020.9%
19905,8175.2%
20008,23841.6%
201010,24624.4%
Est. 201711,250[11]9.8%
US Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010–2014[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of July 1, 2015,[16] the US Census Bureau estimates that there were 10,594 people and 3,557 housing units in the county. The population density was 3.12/sqmi (1.21/km²).[17] There were 3,066 households. The racial makeup of the county was 96.4% White, 0.4% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 1.5% from two or more races. 4.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2010,[18] there were 3,093 households out of which 47.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.40% were non-families. 17.30% of all households the householder lived alone. The average household size was 3.27 and the average family size was 3.74.

The county population contained 40.1% 19 and younger, 5.0% from 20 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.3 years. 51% of the population was male and 49% was female.

View north along Interstate 15 in the Juab Valley, near milepost 219, September 2013

The median income for a household in the county was $56,976. The per capita income for the county was $18,503 and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line.










Politics[edit]

Juab has traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1948 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 67.0% 2,827 10.5% 442 22.6% 952
2012 86.0% 3,448 11.3% 451 2.8% 111
2008 73.2% 2,683 20.2% 741 6.6% 242
2004 78.5% 2,681 17.7% 605 3.8% 131
2000 72.6% 2,023 22.2% 619 5.1% 143
1996 49.1% 1,290 35.3% 928 15.5% 408
1992 42.7% 1,237 28.4% 823 28.8% 835
1988 59.7% 1,505 38.6% 974 1.7% 44
1984 67.2% 1,902 32.4% 917 0.4% 10
1980 69.3% 1,872 26.7% 720 4.0% 109
1976 51.6% 1,290 43.6% 1,091 4.8% 120
1972 67.1% 1,629 28.5% 691 4.5% 109
1968 54.0% 1,201 40.8% 907 5.3% 118
1964 41.3% 926 58.8% 1,319
1960 51.0% 1,203 49.1% 1,158
1956 59.6% 1,512 40.4% 1,025
1952 58.7% 1,711 41.3% 1,203
1948 47.9% 1,396 51.6% 1,501 0.5% 15
1944 44.5% 1,192 55.3% 1,483 0.2% 5
1940 39.7% 1,412 60.1% 2,136 0.1% 5
1936 30.4% 1,027 68.7% 2,319 0.9% 31
1932 37.6% 1,220 60.7% 1,969 1.7% 56
1928 47.5% 1,557 52.3% 1,714 0.2% 8
1924 43.6% 1,325 40.8% 1,241 15.6% 475
1920 53.1% 1,692 41.1% 1,308 5.8% 185
1916 34.5% 1,248 61.3% 2,221 4.3% 154
1912 35.4% 1,171 29.8% 985 34.9% 1,154
1908 48.4% 1,615 42.6% 1,421 9.0% 301
1904 48.3% 1,493 39.0% 1,206 12.7% 391
1900 42.5% 1,532 55.0% 1,986 2.5% 90
1896 15.7% 439 84.3% 2,360

Education[edit]

The county is served by two school districts:

Communities[7][edit]

Map of Juab County communities

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2013 – via Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Salt Creek Google Maps (accessed 28 March 2019)
  4. ^ Newberry Library Individual County Chronologies/Juab County UT (accessed March 28, 2019)
  5. ^ "About Us" - Juab County UT" (accessed 28 March 2019)
  6. ^ County Post Offices: Salt Creek (1851-1882), Nephi (1882- ) (accessed 28 March 2019)
  7. ^ a b c d Juab County UT Google Maps (accessed 28 March 2019)
  8. ^ Mount Ibapah, Juab County UT Google Maps (accessed 28 March 2019)
  9. ^ Utah County High Points/Juab County. Peakbagger (accessed 28 March 2019)
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". census.gov. US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". lib.virginia.edu. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (June 25, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). census.gov. US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  16. ^ "Bachelor's degree or higher, percent of persons age 25 years+, 2010–2014". census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  17. ^ "Juab County UT Demographics data". towncharts.com. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  18. ^ Bureau, US Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2016 – via Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.

External links[edit]