Juami-Japurá Ecological Station

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Juami-Japurá Ecological Station
Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá
Map showing the location of Juami-Japurá Ecological Station
Map showing the location of Juami-Japurá Ecological Station
Location in Brazil
Nearest city Fonte Boa, Amazonas
Coordinates 2°13′59″S 68°21′32″W / 2.233°S 68.359°W / -2.233; -68.359Coordinates: 2°13′59″S 68°21′32″W / 2.233°S 68.359°W / -2.233; -68.359
Area 831,524 hectares (2,054,740 acres)
Designation ecological station
Created 3 June 1985

Juami-Japurá Ecological Station (Portuguese: Estação Ecológica Juami-Japurá) is an ecological station in the municipality of Japurá, Amazonas, Brazil.


The Ecological Station of 831.524 hectares (2,054.74 acres) was created by decree on 3 June 1985, amended on 11 October 2011. It is administered by the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation.[1] It became part of the Central Amazon Ecological Corridor, created in 2002.[2] The protection unit is located on the right bank of the Japurá River in the municipality of Japurá, Amazonas. It is only accessible by boat.[3]


Juami-Japurá Ecological Station lies in the Amazon plain, with altitudes that range from 45 to 450 metres (148 to 1,476 ft) above sea level. It covers the entire basin of the black water Juami River, which flows into the white water Japurá River. The highest land is on the edges of the unit, and delimits the river basin.[4] The conservation unit has a tropical rainforest climate.[3] Average rainfall is 2,850 millimetres (112 in). Temperatures range from 19 to 43 °C (66 to 109 °F) with an average of 25 °C (77 °F).[4] The vegetation is Rain Forest Lowland.[3]


The Ecological Station is a "strict nature reserve" under IUCN protected area category Ia. Its purpose is to preserve nature and biodiversity and to support scientific research and environmental education.[4] The conservation unit is supported by the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program.[5] It preserves a representative sample of the interfluvial region between the Içá River and Japurá River, tributaries of the Solimões River.[4] The bald uakari (Cacajao calvus rubicundus) is protected in the reserve.[1] There have been reports of mining activity in the vicinity. Inspection is difficult due to lack of infrastructure.[3]