Juan Antonio Lavalleja

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Juan Antonio Lavalleja
Juan Antonio Lavalleja
President of Uruguay
In office
Preceded byVenancio Flores
Succeeded byFructuoso Rivera
Personal details
Born(1784-06-24)24 June 1784
Died22 October 1853(1853-10-22) (aged 69)

Juan Antonio Lavalleja y de la Torre (June 24, 1784 – October 22, 1853) was a Uruguayan revolutionary and political figure.[1] He was born in Minas, nowadays being located in the Lavalleja Department, which was named after him.

Pre-Independence role[edit]

He led the group called "Thirty-Three Orientals" during Uruguay's Declaration of Independence from Brazil in 1825. His leadership of this group has taken on somewhat mythic proportions in popular Uruguayan historiography.

Post-Independence career[edit]

After Uruguay's independence in 1825, Lavalleja sought the presidency as a rival to Fructuoso Rivera in 1830, who won. In protest to his loss, Lavalleja staged revolts. He was part of a triumvirate chosen in 1852 to govern Uruguay, but died shortly after his accession to power.[2]

Historical legacy[edit]

Lavalleja is remembered as a rebel who led the fight against Brazil. But as one of the major figures in early, post-independence Uruguayan history he is identified as a skilled but reactionary warrior who contributed to the culture of intermittent civil war which dogged Uruguay for much of the 19th century.


Lavalleja married Ana Monterroso in 1817; she was sister of José Benito Monterroso.

  • Setembrino Pereda, La leyenda del arroyo Monzón, Lavalleja y Rivera. Montevideo: 1935.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Machado, Roberto Pinheiro (2018-06-11). Brazilian History: Culture, Society, Politics 1500-2010. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 62. ISBN 978-1-5275-1209-2.
  2. ^ Borucki, Alex (2015-11-01). From Shipmates to Soldiers: Emerging Black Identities in the Río de la Plata. UNM Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-8263-5179-1.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by President of Uruguay
Succeeded by