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He joined the Franciscans in his native city, and taught theology and metaphysics at the convent of St. Francis of Mexico. He was also a definitor of the province, and became Guardian of Tezcuco twice (1595 and 1606), of Tlatelolco (1600), and of Tacuba in 1605.
A number of his works are known by title only. Ten of these were written in the Nahuatl language, previous to 1607; several were printed at Mexico. He learned Nahuatl after joining the Franciscans.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Fray Juan Bautista". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
- Mendieta, Historia eclesiastica Indiana (finished in 1599 but first published by Yeazbalceta, Mexico, 1870);
- Juan de Torquemada, Los veinte y uno Libros Rituales y Monarchia Indiana con el origen y guerras de los Indios occidentales (first ed., Madrid, 1613; 2d ed., ibid., 1725);
- Pinelo, Epitome (2d ed., Madrid, 1737–58);
- Nicolas Antonio, Biblioteca Hispana nova (Madrid, 1766), II;
- Joaquin Garcia Ycazbalceta, Bibliografia mexicana del Siglo XVI (Mexico, 1886).