Juan Bautista

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Juan Bautista (born in Mexico, 1555; date of death unknown, but probably between 1606 and 1615) was a Mexican Franciscan theologian and writer.


He joined the Franciscans in his native city, and taught theology and metaphysics at the convent of St. Francis of Mexico. He was also a definitor of the province, and became Guardian of Tezcuco twice (1595 and 1606), of Tlatelolco (1600), and of Tacuba in 1605.


A number of his works are known by title only. Ten of these were written in the Nahuatl language, previous to 1607; several were printed at Mexico. He learned Nahuatl after joining the Franciscans.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Fray Juan Bautista". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  The entry cites:
    • Mendieta, Historia eclesiastica Indiana (finished in 1599 but first published by Yeazbalceta, Mexico, 1870);
    • Juan de Torquemada, Los veinte y uno Libros Rituales y Monarchia Indiana con el origen y guerras de los Indios occidentales (first ed., Madrid, 1613; 2d ed., ibid., 1725);
    • Pinelo, Epitome (2d ed., Madrid, 1737–58);
    • Nicolas Antonio, Biblioteca Hispana nova (Madrid, 1766), II;
    • Joaquin Garcia Ycazbalceta, Bibliografia mexicana del Siglo XVI (Mexico, 1886).