Juan Bautista Quirós Segura

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Juan Bautista Quirós Segura
Juan Bautista Quirós Segura.jpg
President of Costa Rica
In office
August 13, 1919 – September 19, 1919
Preceded by Federico Tinoco Granados
Succeeded by Francisco Aguilar Barquero
Personal details
Born (1853-01-18)January 18, 1853
Tibás, San José, Costa Rica
Died November 7, 1934(1934-11-07) (aged 81)
San José, Costa Rica
Spouse(s) Teresa Aguilar Guzmán, Clementina Quirós Fonseca
Profession Army General, Politician, Entrepreneur
Religion Roman Catholic

Juan Bautista Quirós Segura (January 18, 1853 – November 7, 1934) was president of Costa Rica for two weeks, from August 13 to September 2, 1919, following the resignation of Federico Tinoco. His government was not recognized by the United States and he was forced to resign.

Family and early life[edit]

Juan Bautista Quirós Segura was born in San Juan de Tibás, Costa Rica on January 18, 1853 to his parents General Pablo Quirós Jiménez and Mercedes Segura Masís. He first married Teresa Aguilar Guzmán (who died in 1899), granddaughter of then head of state Manuel Aguilar Chacón, and on November 4, 1900 he married Clementina Quirós Fonseca (1880–1953), daughter of José Quirós Montero and Florinda Fonseca Guzmán.

Military and private activities[edit]

He pursued a military career and achieved the rank of General in the Costa Rican army. He was also a farmer and entrepreneur, and eventually earned a large capital.

First public offices[edit]

During Rafael Yglesias Castro's second administration he was designated second in line to the presidency and secretary of commerce, war, and navy as well as treasurer.

He later served as deputy, third in line to the presidency, president of the Constitutional Congress, and president of the International Bank of Costa Rica. On August 19, 1919, President Federico Tinoco's fall seemed imminent, Congress named him first in line to the presidency. On August 12, President Tinoco asked him to temporarily hold the office. His first orders were to reestablish all public liberties and to free all political prisoners.

President of the Republic[edit]

He officially took office on August 20, 1919 after Federico Tinoco's resignation was accepted. His period was scheduled to end on May 8, 1923 but, even though his government took a very prudent approach, the United States government refused to recognize him as a legitimate head of state. Being faced with a possible armed intervention, Quirós decided to quit the office and on September 20 was replaced by Francisco Aguilar Barquero.

Other public offices[edit]

He was briefly secretary of war under President Aguilar. During Julio Acosta García's administration, and by Acosta's own recommendation, Congress designated him as the first head of the Control Office, which was in charge of government internal control.

He died in San José on November 7, 1934.


Jesús Manuel Fernández Morales, Las Presidencias del Castillo Azul (2010)

Ernesto Quirós Aguilar, Los Quirós en Costa Rica (1948)[1]

Ancestors until grand grandfathers[edit]

16. José Manuel Quirós Castro (recte Arrieta) (+1790)
8. Juan Manuel Quirós Castro (ca 1738-1828)
17. Josefa Nicolasa de Castro y Polo (ca 1740-1811)
4. Calixto Quirós Castro (1785-1843)
18. José Antonio de Castro (+1779)
9. Teresa Castro Cascante (+1829)
19. Simona Ramona Cascante Angulo (+1779)
2. General Pablo Quirós Jiménez (1824-1896)
20. Manuel Antonio Jiménez Quesada (1715)
10. Francisco Esteban Jiménez Gutiérrez (1755-1808)
21. Ignacia Gutiérrez de Ochoa
5. Ramona Jiménez Soto (1790-1837)
22. Francisco de Javier de Soto y Villegas
11. Rosa Soto Chinchilla (1746-1823)
23. María Teresa Chinchilla y Ruiz de Hinojosa
1. General Juan Bautista Quirós Segura (1853-1934)
24. Juan Buenaventura Segura (1725)
12. José Antonio Segura Montero
25. Ana Efigenia Montero Barbosa (1746)
6. Mateo Segura Rojas (1804)
26. Juan Rojas
13. María de los Dolores Rojas Varela (+1816)
27. Juana de los Ángeles Varela
3. Mercedes Segura Masís (1830-1898)
28. Juan Antonio Masís
14. Ramón Masís Zamora (1768-1818)
29. Juana Gregoria Zamora (+1804)
7. María Masís Cordero (1807-1888)
15. Josefa Cordero


External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Federico Tinoco Granados
President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Francisco Aguilar Barquero