Juan Bautista Spotorno

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Juan Bautista Spotorno

Juan Bautista Spotorno (1832–1917) was a President of Cuba. He was an Interim President of the Republic of Cuba in arms from 1875 to 1876.[1]

Life[edit]

Juan Bautista Spotorno grew up in an Italian family in Trinidad, where he was born on September 13, 1832. His name goes back to the Ligurian coastal town of Spotorno. As a child, he was sent to Italy for education and later to the United States. In the United States, he began studies for a medical degree, which he did not complete, but instead devoted himself to commerce and returned to his homeland.

From 1863 he was councilor of Trinidad and leader of the first cavalry of the Spanish militia. On 24 February 1870 he was promoted to Colonel. In 1871 he went to the province of Puerto Príncipe and followed General Major Ignacio Agramonte (the "George Washington" of Cuba). In 1873 he was elected to the House of Representatives of Las Villas.

...el 29 de junio Juan Bautista Spotorno se convirtio' en el tercer presidente, aunque interino, de Cuba libre (on June 29, Juan Bautista Spotorno was the third president -as interim- of Cuba Free)... Luis Navarro[2]

As a result of the resignation of Salvador Cisneros Betancourt, Spotorno became his successor as "Interim" President of the Republic of Cuba in arms on June 29, 1875. In less than one year Spotorno improved the government to positive levels. The final accomplishment of Spotorno's administration was the holding of elections to the House of Representatives; these were held without problems. On March 21, 1876, he gave up the presidency to Tomás Estrada Palma and returned to the House of Representatives. He was known for his honesty.[3]

After the war, he became a member of the Liberal Party and fought bravely in the war of 1895 for the independence of Cuba.

Spotorno died on October 29, 1917. His funeral was done with huge crowds of Cubans, who appreciated his honesty and integrity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Album de el Criollo: semblanzas. Est. tip. O'Reilly número 9, 1888. 1888. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  2. ^ Luis Navarro: "Las guerras de España en Cuba"; p.90
  3. ^ Biografia de Juan Bautista Spotorno (in Spanish)

Bibliography[edit]

  • El Criollo. Album de el Criollo: semblanzas. Est. tip. O'Reilly (número 9). Havana, 1888.
  • Navarro, Luis. Las guerras de España en Cuba.Volume 116 of Ensayos (Encuentro). Publisher Encuentro. Madrid, 1998 ISBN 8474904749
  • Otero, Juan Joaquin. Libro De Cuba, Una Enciclopedia Ilustrada Que Abarca Las Artes, Las Letras, Las Ciencias, La Economia, La Politica, La Historia, La Docencia, Y ElProgreso General De La Nacion Cubana - Edicion Conmemorative del Cincuentenario de la Republica de Cuba, 1952. La Habana, 1954

See also[edit]