Juan Guevara

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His Eminence
Juan Gualberto Guevara
Cardinal, Archbishop of Lima
Juan Gualberto Guevara.jpg
See Archdiocese of Lima
Installed 16 December 1945 — 27 November 1954
Predecessor Pedro Pascual Francesco Farfán
Successor Juan Landázuri Ricketts
Other posts Previously Archbishop of Trujillo
Created Cardinal February 18, 1946
Personal details
Born (1882-07-12)July 12, 1882
Villa de Vitor near Arequipa, Peru
Died November 27, 1954(1954-11-27) (aged 72)
Lima, Peru
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}

Juan Gualberto Guevara B.A. J.C.D. (12 July 1882 - 27 November 1954) was created on February 18, 1946 a Cardinal Priest by Pope Pius XII. He was Archbishop of Lima in the Roman Catholic Church. He was the first Cardinal of Peru.


Early life and education[edit]

He was born in Villa de Vitor in the Archdiocese of Arequipa. Educated at the Seminary of San Jerónimo, Arequipa and University of San Agustin. Graduated in 1912 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. Finally went to the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where in 1922 he earned a doctorate in canon law.


He was ordained on 2 June 1906 in Arequipa. Worked as a parish priest from 1906 until 1910 in Arica, nowadays in Chile. He was expelled by the Chilean Government when it claimed the province of he was working in. He became Vice-rector of the Seminary of Arequipa, in 1910, where he stayed for ten years until 1920. He was named sacristan of the cathedral of Arequipa 1916 - 1920. He worked as staff member of El Deber, oldest newspaper in southern Peru, 1916–1940 and its director 1928 - 1940.


Guevara was appointed Bishop of Trujillo by Pope Pius XII on 15 December 1940. When the diocese of Trujillo was elevated to an archdiocese he became its first archbishop on May 23, 1943. Appointed as Military Vicars of Peru on January 13, 1945 and retained that office until his death. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Lima on 16 December 1945.


Styles of
Juan Gualberto Guevara
Coat of arms of Juan Gualberto Guevara.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Lima

Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal Priest of Sant'Eusebio in the consistory of February 18, 1946. He was thus the first Peruvian cardinal ever created. Died in 1954 of cancer in Lima. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Lima.


Guevara once told several mothers of bathing-suit parade contestants that such a parade would be contrary to religion and modesty.[1]


  1. ^ TIME Magazine. American Beauty November 21, 1949

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Carlo Garcia Irigoyen
Bishop of Trujillo
(Elevated on May 23, 1943 to Archbishop)

15 December 1940–16 December 1945
Succeeded by
Aurelio Macedonio Guerrero
Preceded by
Pedro Farfán
Archbishop of Lima
16 December 1945–27 November 1954
Succeeded by
Juan Landázuri Ricketts