Juan Guzmán (photographer)

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Juan Guzmán (born Hans Gutmann Guster,[1] also known as "Juanito",[2] 28 October 1911 – 1982[2]) was a German born Mexican photojournalist. He was known as a war photographer of the Spanish Civil War and later on his work with Mexican painters Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera.

Marina Ginestà at the top of Hotel Colón in Barcelona, 21 July 1936.

Hans Gutmann was born in Cologne.[3] In 1936 he joined the Spanish Civil War as a volunteer of the International Brigades.[4] Gutmann later became a Spanish citizen and changed his name to Juan Guzmán.[5] There are more than 1,300 photographs from the Spanish Civil War in the archive of Agencia EFE (Madrid). His most famous image is the picture of 17-year-old Marina Ginestà standing in top of Hotel Colón in Barcelona. It is one of the most iconic photographs of the Spanish Civil War.[6]

After the war Guzmán fled to Mexico, where he arrived in 1940.[5] He worked for major Mexican magazines and newspapers and became a friend of Frida Kahlo with whom Guzmán shared similar political views.[1] In the 1950s he took a large number of photographs of Kahlo and her husband Diego Rivera.[3] Guzmán also photographed the artwork of Mexican painters like Gerardo Murillo, Jesús Reyes Ferreira and José Clemente Orozco.[5] Juan Guzmán died in Mexico City in 1982.[3]


  1. ^ a b Frida Kahlo: Images of an Icon – Photographer Biographies Tacoma Art Museum. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b Gutmann, Hans 1911-1982 WorldCat Indentities. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Photographing the Lost Mural of Diego Rivera In the Darkroom. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  4. ^ "Exhibition explores dark era of the Spanish Civil War". Deutsche Welle. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "El instante luminoso: los artistas plásticos a través de la mirada fotográfica de Juan Guzmán", Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2009. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Muere en París Marina Ginestà, la miliciana que fue un icono de la Guerra Civil" (in Spanish). Radio y Televisión Española. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.