Juan Guzmán Cruchaga

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Juan Guzmán Cruchaga
Juan Guzmán Cruchaga.jpg
Juan Guzmán Cruchaga in 1930
Born Juan Guzmán Cruchaga
(1895-03-27)27 March 1895
Santiago, Chile
Died July 21, 1979 (age 84)
Viña del Mar, Chile
Occupation poet, author, and diplomat
Nationality Chilean
Alma mater University of Chile
Genre non-fiction, political
Spouse Raquel Tapia Caballero
Children Juan Guzmán Tapia (son)
Relatives Juan José Guzmán (father)
Amelia Cruchaga Aspillaga (mother)

Juan Guzmán Cruchaga (March 27, 1895 – July 21, 1979) was a Chilean poet and diplomat. He won the Chilean National Prize for Literature in 1962. Guzman Cruchaga was of Basque descent.[1] He was the son of Juan José Guzmán Guzmán and Amelia Cruchaga Aspillaga. He attended the colegio de San Ignacio from 1905, finishing his humanities subjects in 1912. In 1913 he enrolled into the Faculty of Law of Universidad de Chile, quitting during his third year there.

He was hired as an employee at the Court of Accounts, job which he fulfilled until 1917. He collaborated with the Zig-Zag magazine, becoming a poet in his own right, later publishing his first book: "Juan al Brasero".

He began travelling in 1917, briefly returning to Chile from time to time. He then was named consul at Tampico, México, which would only be the first diplomatic post he acquired.

He continued writing, becoming famous, culminating in being the recipient of the Chilean National Literary Prize in 1962.

Juan Guzmán Cruchaga died in Viña del Mar on 21 July 1979. He was married to Raquel Tapia Caballero. He is the father of former judge Juan Guzmán Tapia.

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