Juan Luis Sanfuentes
|Juan Luis Sanfuentes|
|17th President of Chile|
December 23, 1915 – December 23, 1920
|Preceded by||Ramón Barros Luco|
|Succeeded by||Arturo Alessandri|
December 27, 1858|
|Died||July 16, 1930
|Political party||Liberal Democratic|
Juan Luis Sanfuentes Andonaegui (December 27, 1858 – July 16, 1930) was President of Chile between 1915 and 1920.
Sanfuentes was the son of writer and politician Salvador Sanfuentes Torres and Matilde Andonaegui. Orphaned at an early age and raised by his older brother, Enrique Salvador Sanfuentes, he trained as a lawyer at the University of Chile. He graduated with a Doctor of Law in 1879. He married Ana Echazarreta (ca. 1865 - 1927) in 1885, and the couple would have five children.
The Chilean presidential election of 1915 developed into a bitterly contest between Sanfuentes —a coalition candidate of the Liberal Democratic Party and the Conservative Party— and Javier Ángel Figueroa —supported by the Liberal Alliance parties. Sanfuentes beat Figueroa by a single vote, among allegations of fraud and electoral intervention. The National Congress was called to confirm the result.
Through World War I Chile remained neutral. While the conflict lasted, domestic industry had one of its biggest booms, with the national industry growing 53% in those four years. But the end of the war led to a crisis of the nitrate industry, which resulted in a wave of social unrest. Sanfuentes' hard line against striking coal miners and trade unionists in the final year of his presidency was a key factor in the rise of his liberal reformer successor.
After office Sanfuentes retired from public life, devoting himself to family life with his wife in his estate, Camarico.
- Chileans of to-day, by Hispanic Society of America, 1920
- Mining for the Nation: The Politics of Chile's Coal Communities from the ... by Jody Pavilack, page 43
Ramón Barros Luco
|President of Chile
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