Juan Nakpil

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Juan F. Nakpil
Born Juan Felipe Nakpil y de Jesus
(1899-05-26)May 26, 1899[1]
Quiapo, Manila
Spanish Philippines
Died May 7, 1986(1986-05-07) (aged 86)
Manila, Philippines
Nationality Filipino
Alma mater University of the Philippines
University of Kansas
Fontainebleau School of Fine Arts
Occupation Architect
Spouse(s) Anita Agoncillo Noble
Parent(s) Julio Nakpil
Gregoria de Jesús
Awards National Artist of the Philippines

Juan Felipe de Jesus Nakpil (born Juan Felipe Nakpil y de Jesus; May 26, 1899 – May 7, 1986), known as Juan F. Nakpil, was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader. In 1973, he was named one of the National Artists for architecture. He was regarded as the Dean of Filipino Architects.


He was one of eight children of the Philippine Revolution veterans Julio Nakpil and Gregoria de Jesús (who married the former after the death of her first husband Andrés Bonifacio). He died in Manila in 1986.


He studied Engineering at the University of the Philippines and later, at the University of Kansas, where he received his bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering. He then studied Architecture at the Fontainebleau School of Fine Arts in France upon the recommendation of Jean Jacques Haffner, one of his professors at the Harvard Graduate School of Architecture.[2]


Nakpil worked at Andres Luna de San Pedro's architectural firm (1928) and at Don Gonzalo Puyat & Sons, opening his own architectural firm in 1930.[3] Among Nakpil's works are San Carlos Seminary, Geronimo de los Reyes Building, Iglesia ni Cristo Riverside Locale (Now F. Manalo, San Juan), Magsaysay Building, Rizal Theater, Capitol Theater, Captain Pepe Building, Manila Jockey Club, Rufino Building, Philippine Village Hotel, University of the Philippines Administration and University Library, and the Rizal Shrine in Calamba, Laguna. He also designed the International Eucharistic Congress altar and improved the Quiapo Church in 1930 by erecting a dome and a second belfry. He was hailed as a National Artist for Architecture in 1973.[4]



  • Gaiety Theater, Manila (now inactive)
  • Rizal Theater (since demolished; the site is occupied by Shangri-La Hotel Makati City)
  • Capitol Theater (now inactive)
  • University of the Philippines Theater and carillon tower

Other buildings[edit]

University of the Philippines, Administration Building or "Quezon Hall"


  1. ^ Mendoza, Guillermo. (1973). "Pioneer in Philippine Architecture." The National Artists of the Philippines. Pasig City: Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and Anvil Publishing. 1998.
  2. ^ Mendoza, G. (1973)
  3. ^ Mendoza, G. (1973)
  4. ^ "The National Artists of the Philippines: Juan F. Napkil". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 

External links[edit]