Juan Nakpil

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Juan F. Nakpil
Born May 26, 1899[1]
Quiapo, Manila, Philippine Islands
Died May 7, 1986(1986-05-07) (aged 86)
Manila, Philippines
Nationality Philippines Filipino
Occupation Architect
Known for National Artist of the Philippines

Juan F. Nakpil (May 26, 1899 – May 7, 1986) was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader. In 1973, he was named one of the National Artists for architecture, and tapped as the Dean of Filipino Architects.


He was one of eight children of the Philippine Revolution veterans Julio Nakpil and Gregoria de Jesús (who married the former after the death of her first husband Andrés Bonifacio). He died in Manila in 1986 due to health reasons.


He took up Engineering at the University of the Philippines and later, at the University of Kansas—where he received his bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering. He then studied Architecture at the Fontainebleau School of Fine Arts, in France upon the recommendation of Jean Jacques Haffner, one of his professors at the Harvard Graduate School of Architecture.[2]

Later Career as an Architect[edit]

Nakpil worked in Andres Luna de San Pedro's architectural firm (1928), and Don Gonzalo Puyat & Sons; eventually opening his own architectural firm in 1930.[3] Among Nakpil's works are San Carlos Seminary, Geronimo de los Reyes Building, Iglesia ni Cristo Riverside Locale (Now F. Manalo, San Juan), Magsaysay Building, Rizal Theater, Capitol Theater, Captain Pepe Building, Manila Jockey Club, Rufino Building, Philippine Village Hotel, University of the Philippines Administration and University Library, and the Rizal Shrine in Calamba, Laguna. He also designed the International Eucharistic Congress altar and improved the Quiapo Church in 1930 by erecting a dome and a second belfry. He was hailed as a National Artist for Architecture in 1973.[4]

Projects of Arch. Juan Nakpil[edit]


  • Gaiety Theater, Manila (now inactive)
  • Rizal Theater (now demolished and now replaced and occupied by Shangri-La Hotel Makati City in 1993)
  • Capitol Theater (now inactive)
  • University of the Philippines Theater and carillon tower

Other Establishments[edit]

University of the Philippines, Administration Building aka "Quezon Hall"


  1. ^ Mendoza, Guillermo. (1973). "Pioneer in Philippine Architecture." The National Artists of the Philippines. Pasig City: Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and Anvil Publishing. 1998.
  2. ^ Mendoza, G. (1973)
  3. ^ Mendoza, G. (1973)
  4. ^ "The National Artists of the Philippines: Juan F. Napkil". National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 

External links[edit]