Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl

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Juan Pablo Rojas
Presidente Rojas Paúl (1890) by Cristobal Rojas.jpg
President of Venezuela
In office
2 July 1888 – 19 March 1890
Preceded by Hermógenes López
Succeeded by Raimundo Andueza Palacio
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
In office
26 January 1855 – 7 February 1855
President Joaquín Herrera
In office
24 February 1869 – 31 July 1869
President José Ruperto Monagas
In office
6 December 1869 – 27 January 1870
President José Ruperto Monagas
Personal details
Born 26 November 1826
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 22 July 1905(1905-07-22) (aged 78)
Caracas, Venezuela
Political party Liberal Party
Spouse(s) Josefa de la Concepción Báez
Signature

Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl (26 November 1826 – 22 July 1905) was President of Venezuela from 1888 to 1890. He was the first civilian president who was elected by constitutional procedures in 50 years, and the only one who could finish his term properly, until 74 years later.

Biography[edit]

Elected by Antonio Guzmán like his successor, Rojas tried to reconcile the followers of Guzmán and Joaquín Crespo, confronted at that time.

Contrary to the policy of Guzmán, Rojas authorized the creation of science faculties, churches, national schools in Maracaibo and Barquisimeto, brought French nuns to the country, helped the establishment of congregations, also built and remodeled many religious buildings. Inaugurated the submarine cable between La Guaira, the Antilles and Europe, the works of the painter Martín Tovar y Tovar at the Salón Elíptico (Elliptical Room) of the National Capitol. During his period, was published the book Great geographical, historical and statistics compilation of Venezuela authored by General Manuel Landaeta Rosales. The Rojas administration had to face an uprising led by Crespo. After the rebellion was crushed, Crespo had to go into exile. During the Rojas administration there were violent demonstrations against Guzmán in the capital and other regions of Venezuela. These events precipitated a break of the Rojas administration with Guzmán, who sought to continue ruling indirectly from Paris.

In 1888 Rojas founded the National History Academy. His two years in the presidency were marked by an economic bonanza, of which he took advantage to invest in public works. He died in Caracas in 1905, at the age of 78.

Personal life[edit]

Juan Pablo Rojas Paúl was married to María Josefa de la Concepción Báez, who served as First Lady of Venezuela from 1888 until1890.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Hermógenes López
President of Venezuela
2 July 1888 – 19 March 1890
Succeeded by
Raimundo Andueza Palacio
Preceded by
Julián Viso
40th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
26 January 1855-7 February 1855
Succeeded by
Francisco Aranda
Preceded by
Guillermo Tell Villegas
79th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
24 February 1869-31 July 1869
Succeeded by
Idelfonso Riera Aguinagalde
Preceded by
Idelfonso Riera Aguinagalde
81st Minister of Foreign Affairs of Venezuela
6 December 1869-27 January 1870
Succeeded by
Felipe Jiménez