Juan Sandoval Íñiguez

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Juan Sandoval Íñiguez
Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Guadalajara
Appointed21 April 1994
Term ended7 December 2011
PredecessorJuan Jesús Posadas Ocampo
SuccessorJosé Francisco Robles Ortega
Other post(s)Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e San Filippo Martire
Ordination27 October 1957
by Antonio Samorè
Consecration30 April 1988
by Manuel Talamás Camandari
Created cardinal26 November 1994
by Pope John Paul II
Personal details
Born (1933-03-28) 28 March 1933 (age 91)
Yahualica, Mexico
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post(s)
Coat of armsJuan Sandoval Íñiguez's coat of arms
Styles of
Juan Sandoval Íñiguez
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Juan Sandoval Íñiguez (Spanish pronunciation: [xwan sandoˈβal ˈiɲiɣes]; born 28 March 1933) is a Mexican retired prelate of the Catholic Church who served as the Archbishop of Guadalajara from 1994 to 2011. He was made a cardinal by Pope John Paul II in 1994.

Ecclesiastical career[edit]

He is a son of Esteban Sandoval Ruiz and María Guadalupe Íñiguez de Sandoval, and is the eldest of 12 brothers and sisters, of whom 2 died as infants and another was killed.

Sandoval entered the seminary in 1945 and then went to Rome where he continued his studies. He was ordained a priest in Rome in 1957.

In 1961, he returned to Mexico and was assigned to the seminary in Guadalajara, Jalisco, where he worked first as a teacher and then as rector.

In 1988 Sandoval was named Coadjutor bishop of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, and succeeded as its bishop in 1992. He was invested as Archbishop of Guadalajara in April 1994, replacing the murdered former incumbent, Cardinal Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, and later that year he was named a cardinal.

He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI. Cardinal Sandoval has also made regular appearances on the Mexican Catholic network "Mariavisión", which is based in Guadalajara, normally by teaching the catechism during short episodes between regular programming.

On 7 December 2011 his retirement was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI; Cardinal Francisco Robles Ortega was appointed his successor.

He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.[1]

In August 2023,Cardinal Brandmüller, along with Cardinals Burke, Íñiguez, Sarah, and Zen, submitted another list of five dubia to Pope Francis related to the upcoming Synod on Synodality. The Dubia questioned the necessity of the upcoming synod, asked whether the blessing of same-sex unions was theologically admissible, and questioned the Pope's claim that "forgiveness is a human right".[2]

Political controversy[edit]

Sandoval has intervened in political issues at the national level.

He has organized opposition to the use of condoms, sex education, emergency contraceptive pills. In August 2010 he entered the debate on the legalisation of gay marriage in Mexico by accusing justices of the Mexican Supreme Court of having accepted bribes from the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the PRD mayor of Mexico City, Marcelo Ebrard, to uphold the Mexico City statute that legalises both gay marriage and gay adoption of children. Ebrard filed suit against him in the civil courts in Mexico City for defamation[3] after Sandoval refused to retract his comments.

He has made several controversial statements. He has said, "To be a Protestant, one cannot have any shame"; and on women rape victims he has been quoted as saying: "Women should not go around being so provocative; because of this there are so many rapes." He has been criticised by gay rights groups for using the term "maricón" (Spanish equivalent to "fag") to describe homosexuals, which is regarded as insulting.[4]

In 2015, following the legalization of same-sex marriage in Mexico, Sandoval, along with Archbishop Carlos Cabrero and the Spanish exorcist José Antonio Fortea, performed a mass exorcism against "abortion, Satanism, corruption, the cult of 'holy' death and the legalization of sexual aberrations."[5]

Facebook placed a warning screen over a chat by Sandoval Iñiguez on 12 January, 2021, in which he claimed COVID-19 vaccines contain a satanic microchip.[6]

Cardinal Íñiguez was admitted to hospital on 3 February 2021 after suffering heart failure but according to the archdiocese he has since recovered.[7]


  1. ^ "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Cardinals Send 'Dubia' to Pope Francis Ahead of Synod on Synodality". NCR. 2 October 2023. Retrieved 4 October 2023.
  3. ^ "Cardinal Has Proof Mexican Justices Were Bribed for Gay 'Marriage' Vote - International - Catholic Online". Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2010.
  4. ^ "Mexican gay rights activists and Catholic protestors clash". 23 August 2010.
  5. ^ "Mexican Archbishops Perform National Exorcism". 17 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Facebook puts warning on virus video by retired cardinal". Associated Press. 16 January 2021. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Hospitalizan al Cardenal Juan Sandoval Íñiguez | Lider Informativo". Archived from the original on 5 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.

External links and additional sources[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Manuel Talamás Camandari
Bishop of Ciudad Juárez
11 July 1992 – 21 April 1994
Succeeded by
Renato Ascencio León
Preceded by Archbishop of Guadalajara
21 April 1994 – 7 December 2011
Succeeded by
Cardinal Priest of Nostra Signora di Guadalupe e San Filippo Martire
26 November 1994 –