Juan Soldevilla y Romero

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His Eminence
Juan Soldevilla y Romero
Cardinal, Archbishop of Zaragoza
Soldevila y Romero.jpg
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Zaragoza
Installed 1901
Term ended 4 June 1923
Predecessor Vicente Alda Sancho
Successor Rigoberto Doménech Valls
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria del Popolo
Ordination 28 December 1867
Consecration 28 April 1889
Created Cardinal 15 December 1919
by Benedict XV
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1843-10-20)October 20, 1843
Fuentelapeña Spain
Died June 4, 1923(1923-06-04) (aged 79)
Zaragoza Spain
Buried Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar
Nationality Spanish
Previous post Bishop of Tarazona (1889-1901)
Styles of
Juan Soldevilla y Romero
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Zaragoza

Juan Soldevilla y Romero (October 29, 1843—June 4, 1923) was a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Zaragoza from 1901 until his death, and was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 1919.


Juan Soldevilla y Romero was born in Fuentelapeña, and studied at the seminaries in Valladolid and Toledo before being ordained to the priesthood on December 28, 1867. He obtained his doctorate in theology from the Central Seminary of Santiago de Compostela in 1868, and then studied canon law at the seminary in Tuy.

Soldevilla served as a curate in three parishes in the Archdiocese of Valladolid, and became secretary to the Archbishop, Cesáreo Rodrigo y Rodríguez, (1875), a cathedral canon (1883), and an archpriest (1887). Along with sitting on the Provincial Junta of Beneficence and on the Diocesan Junta for the Reconstruction of Churches, he was the Royal Preacher and a Knight of the Royal American Order of Isabel la Católica, a secretary capitular, and synodal examiner. In 1885, he was a member of the Junta for the assistance of victims of a cholera epidemic.

On February 14, 1889, Soldevilla was appointed Bishop of Tarazona by Pope Leo XIII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following April 28 from Archbishop Benito Sanz y Forés, with Bishops Mariano Alguacil y Fernández and Cesáreo Rodrigo y Rodríguez. Soldevilla was Apostolic Administrator of Tudela from 1889 to 1901, and was promoted to Archbishop of Zaragoza on December 16, 1901.

Pope Benedict XV created him Cardinal Priest of Santa Maria del Popolo in the consistory of December 15, 1919. He received his cardinal's biretta from King Alphonse XIII on Christmas Day of that same year. Soldevilla was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1922 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XI.

At age 79, Cardinal Soldevilla was assassinated by the anarchist group Los Solidarios in Zaragoza. The apparent motive for the killing was the fact that the Cardinal had been implicated by the anarchists in the hiring and protection of pistoleros who had carried out a campaign of white terror against Spanish union members.[1] He is buried at the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar.


  1. ^ Paz, Able (2007). Durruti in the Spanish Revolution. Oakland, CA: AK Press. pp. 44 & 45. ISBN 978-1-904859-50-5. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Cosme Marrodán Rubio
Bishop of Tarazona
Succeeded by
José Salvador y Barrera
Preceded by
Antonio Cascajares y Azara
Archbishop of Zaragoza
Succeeded by
Rigoberto Domenech y Valls