Juan de Castellanos
|Juan de Castellanos|
Portrait of Juan de Castellanos (1589)
March 9, 1522|
Alanís, Sevilla, Spain
Tunja, New Kingdom of Granada
|Notable work||Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias|
Juan de Castellanos (Alanís, Sevilla, Spain, March 9, 1522 - Tunja, Boyacá, New Kingdom of Granada, November 1606) was a Criollo poet, soldier and Catholic priest. As one of the early Spanish chroniclers he has attributed to the knowledge of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, mainly the Muisca.
De Castellanos travelled to America before 1545 as a cavalry soldier, and acquired some property on Cubagua island in the Pearl Coast. Abandoning the military profession he became a secular priest in Cartagena and, declining the positions of canon and treasurer, went as curate to Tunja. There he composed his epic poem, Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias, the first part of which appeared in Madrid in 1588, and the first three parts in 1837. It is the longest poem ever in the Spanish language; 113,609 verses. The Lenox Branch of the New York Public Library possesses a complete copy. The verse recounts successively the deeds of prominent Spaniards in America, beginning with Christopher Columbus, and is an interesting source for the colonial history of northern South America, including many details of ethnography and ethnology.
De Castellanos was among the earliest conquistadores and was acquainted with nearly every prominent leader of the time. He relies to some extent upon Oviedo for many details, stating that Oviedo communicated to him verbally what he knew by personal experience of the settlement at Cartagena. Castellanos' poem is the second of a series of epic compositions in Spanish treating of the early colonization of America, Ercilla's La Araucana being the earliest in date of publication.
- A university in Tunja, the Fundación Universitaria Juan de Castellanos is named in honour of Juan de Castellanos
- (in Spanish) Juan de Castellanos - Boyacá Cultural
- (in Spanish) Website Fundación universitaria Juan de Castellanos