Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón

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Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón

Juan de la Cruz Mourgeón y Achet (died April 1822 in Quito) was a Spanish general and colonial administrator.


He fought in the Spanish War of Independence against the French, and in the Viceroyalty of New Granada against rebels supporting independence. From 1819 to 1821 he was viceroy of New Granada — the last Spanish viceroy of the colony.

Cruz Mourgeón fought gallantly in the Peninsular War (Spanish War of Independence). He participated in the battles of Baylen (1808) and Bornos (1812). He was highly decorated for his services, becoming a knight of the military orders of San Fernando and San Hermenegildo, and Benemérito de la Patria (heroic grade), as well as receiving many medals.

He became the last (titular) viceroy of New Granada in 1819, serving until 1821, but the colony was in widespread, open revolt. He was also governor of Panama (August–October 1821). From there he organized an expedition to reconquer Quito, where he arrived in December. He proposed to free the slaves who would fight for the royalist forces. In early 1822 he wrote to Simon Bolívar, admitting the failure of Spain to reconquer its former colonies.

He died in Quito in April 1822.

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Government offices
Preceded by
Juan José de Sámano y Uribarri
Viceroy of New Granada
Succeeded by
Title abolished