Juana Enríquez

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Juana Enríquez
Queen consort of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia and Sicily; Countess consort of Barcelona
Juana Enríquez.png
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 1458–1468
Born 1425
Torrelobatón
Died 13 February 1468
Tarragona
Spouse John II of Aragon
Issue Ferdinand II of Aragon
Joanna, Queen of Naples
House House of Enríquez
Father Fadrique Enríquez, Count of Melba and Rueda
Mother Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala
Religion Roman Catholicism

Juana Enriquez de Córdoba, 5th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1425 – 13 February 1468, Tarragona), was a Castilian noblewoman who became Queen of the Kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon.

Biography[edit]

She was a daughter of Fadrique Enríquez, Count of Melba and Rueda and Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala, 4th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte. Born in Torrelobatón, she was a great-great granddaughter of Alfonso XI of Castile. She succeeded her mother in 1431. Juana married John II of Navarre in April 1444, three years after death of his first wife, Queen Blanche I of Navarre.

Coat of Arms

Although John ceased to be de jure uxoris monarch of Navarre on his wife's death, he never ceded power to his heir, Charles, Prince of Viana, and Juana was thus styled Queen of Navarre. Juana supported her husband in his decision not to cede power to his son and later to his daughter, who was de jure Blanche II of Navarre. Such breaking of the law of succession led to a confrontation with the Generalitat of Catalonia and a conflict between farmers and nobles, the outbreak of Navarrese Civil War. Accused of having ordered the poisoning of Carlos, her stepson, who died in 1461, Juana fled to Girona, seeking the protection of the bishop.

Juana became Queen of the Crown of Aragon, including Barcelona-Catalonia, Majorca, Valencia, and Sicily in 1458 on the death of her brother-in-law, King Alfonso V of Aragon. Queen Juana's children were Ferdinand II of Aragon who married the future Queen Isabella I of Castile and reigned with her as King of Castile, and Joanna, who married Ferdinand I of Naples and thus became Queen of Naples.

Juana's greatest wish was to have her son married to Infanta Isabella, half-sister and heiress presumptive of King Henry IV of Castile. Ferdinand did marry Isabella and their marriage, which lasted for 35 years, produced a prince and four queens. However, Juana died on 13 February 1468 from breast cancer, a year before the marriage occurred. She was survived by her husband, who never remarried and reigned until his death in 1479.

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Juana Enríquez
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Alfonso XI of Castile
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Fadrique Alfonso, 1st Lord of Haro
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Eleanor of Guzman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Alfonso Enriquez, 1st Lord of Medina de Rio Seco
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza, 1st Count of Melba and Rueda
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Gonzalo Hurtado de Mendoza, 8th Lord of Mendoza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Pedro González de Mendoza, 9th Lord of Mendoza
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Juana de Orozco, Lady of Hita and Buitrago
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Juana de Mendoza y Ayala
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Fernan Perez de Ayala
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Aldonza de Ayala y Ceballos
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Elvira Alvarez de Ceballos, Lady of Escalante
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Juana Enríquez, 5th Lady of Casarrubios, current date relation to Juana Dimas .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Fernán Alfonso de Cordoba, Mayor of Alcala la Real
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, 1st Lord of Aguilar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. María Ruiz de Biedma
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Diego Fernández de Córdova, 1st Lord of Baena
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Pedro Ruiz Carrillo, 1st Lord of Villaquirán de las Infantas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Maria Garcia Carrillo, 2nd Lady of Villaquirán de las Infantas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Urraca de la Vega
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala, 4th Lady of Casarrubios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Dias Gómez de Toledo, 1st Lord of Casarrubios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Pedro Suárez de Toledo, 2nd Lord of Casarrubios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Inés de Ayala
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Inés de Ayala y Toledo, 3rd Lady of Casarrubios
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Iñigo Lopez de Orozco, 1st Lord of Pinto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Juana de Orozco, 2nd Lady of Pinto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Marina Alonso de Meneses Tizón y Loaisa
 
 
 
 
 
 

External links[edit]

External images
A portrait


Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Maria of Castile
Queen consort of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia and Sicily
Countess consort of Barcelona

1458–1468
Succeeded by
Isabella I of Castille
Preceded by
Agnes of Cleves
Queen consort of Navarre, de facto
1444–1468
Succeeded by
Margaret of Angoulême
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala
Lady of Casarrubios del Monte
1431–1468
Succeeded by
Ferdinand of Aragon