Juang language

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Juang
Native to India
Region Odisha
Coordinates 20°9′0″N 85°30′0″E / 20.15000°N 85.50000°E / 20.15000; 85.50000
Ethnicity Juang
Native speakers
30,378 (2011 census)[1]
Austroasiatic
  • Munda
    • Kharia–Juang
      • Juang
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jun
Glottolog juan1238[2]

The Juang language is a language spoken primarily by the Juang people of Odisha state, eastern India.

Classification[edit]

The Juang language belongs to the Munda language family, the whole of which is classified as a branch of the greater Austroasiatic language family. Among the Munda languages, Juang is considered to be most closely related to Kharia, although Anderson considers Juang and Kharia to have split off from each other relatively early.[3]

Juang can be roughly divided into the Hill and Plains varieties, both of which are spoken in Odisha (Patnaik 2008:508).

Distribution[edit]

Juang is spoken by about 30,875 people according to the 2001 Indian census. In Odisha state, it is spoken in southern Keonjhar district, northern Angul district, and eastern Dhenkanal district (Patnaik 2008:508).

Juang is currently an Endangered language and is considered to vulnerable, or (not spoken by children outside of home).

Juang currently has roughly under 20,000 speakers remaining

Grammar[edit]

In Juang a number of roots are clearly exempt from the Transitive verb/Intransitive verb opposition, so that the function of the root can be determined only from its co-occurrence with the particular set of tense markers.

For Example,

pag- Set I 'to break' -Set II 'to be broken1

rag- Set I 'to tear' - Set II 'to be torn1

guj- Set I 'to wash' - Set II 'to be was

Writing System[edit]

The writing system used by people who speak the Juang language is Odia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Juang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference e18 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  • Mahapatra, B. P.. “Comparative Notes on Juang and Kharia Finite Verbs”. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications 13 (1976): 801–814.
  • Patnaik, Manideepa. 2008. "Juang". In Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). The Munda languages, 508-556. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
  • "Juang - MultiTree". multitree.org. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 
  • "ScriptSource - Oriya". scriptsource.org. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 

External links[edit]