|24,000 (2001 census)|
The Juang language belongs to the Munda language family, the whole of which is classified as a branch of the greater Austroasiatic language family. Among the Munda languages, Juang is considered to be most closely related to Kharia, although Anderson considers Juang and Kharia to have split off from each other relatively early.
Juang can be roughly divided into the Hill and Plains varieties, both of which are spoken in Odisha (Patnaik 2008:508).
- Hill Juang: Gonasika Hills (in Keonjhar district) and Pallara Hills
- Plains Juang: about 147 villages in southern Keonjhar district and eastern Dhenkanal district
Juang is spoken by about 30,875 people according to the 2001 Indian census. In Odisha state, it is spoken in southern Keonjhar district, northern Angul district, and eastern Dhenkanal district (Patnaik 2008:508).
Juang is currently an Endangered language and is considered to vulnerable, or (not spoken by children outside of home).
Juang currently has roughly under 20,000 speakers remaining
In Juang a number of roots are clearly exempt from the Transitive verb/Intransitive verb opposition, so that the function of the root can be determined only from its co-occurrence with the particular set of tense markers.
pag- Set I 'to break' -Set II 'to be broken1
rag- Set I 'to tear' - Set II 'to be torn1
guj- Set I 'to wash' - Set II 'to be was
The writing system used by people who speak the Juang language is Oriya script.
- Mahapatra, B. P.. “Comparative Notes on Juang and Kharia Finite Verbs”. Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications 13 (1976): 801–814.
- Patnaik, Manideepa. 2008. "Juang". In Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). The Munda languages, 508-556. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
- Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, & Charles D. Fennig, eds. (2015). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (18th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
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