Juanita Castro

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Castro and the second or maternal family name is Ruz.
Juanita Castro
Personal details
Born Juana de la Caridad Castro Ruz
(1933-05-06) 6 May 1933 (age 83)
Birán, Holguín Province, Cuba
Relations Ángel Castro y Argiz (father)
Ramón Castro Ruz (brother)
Fidel Castro (brother)
Raúl Castro (brother)
Alina Fernández (niece)
Mariela Castro (niece)
Alejandro Castro Espín (nephew)

Juana de la Caridad (Juanita) Castro Ruz (born 6 May 1933) is a sister of former Cuban President Fidel Castro and current President Raúl Castro. After collaborating with the Central Intelligence Agency in Cuba, she has lived in the United States since 1964.

Early life[edit]

Juanita was born in Birán, near Mayarí, in what is now known as Holguín Province. She is the fourth child of Ángel Castro y Argiz and Lina Ruz González, and has three brothers — Ramón, Fidel, and Raúl — and three sisters — Angelita, Enma, and Agustina. She also has five half siblings: Lidia, Pedro Emilio, Manuel, Antonia, and Georgina, who were raised by Ángel Castro's first wife Maria Luisa Argota.[1]

Politics[edit]

Juanita Castro was active in the Cuban revolution, buying weapons for the 26th of July movement during their campaign against Fulgencio Batista. In 1958 she traveled to the U.S. to raise funds to support the insurgent movement.[2] After the revolution Juanita felt betrayed by the growing influence of Cuban communists in the Cuban government.[3]

Fidel and Raúl's government policies clashed with family interests. When the two revolutionaries insisted on included the family plantation in their agrarian reform program to limit private land ownership, their older brother Ramón, who had been maintaining the property, angrily exploded, "Raúl is a dirty little Communist. Some day I am going to kill him."[2]

In this climate, Juanita Castro started collaborating with the CIA after being recruited by someone close to her brother Fidel.[4] She later reported that the CIA "wanted to talk to me because they had interesting things to tell me, and interesting things to ask me, such as if I was willing to take the risk, if I was ready to listen to them... I was rather shocked, but anyway I said yes".[4] As part of her work with the CIA, she was credited with helping at least 200 people leave Cuba in the immediate post-revolutionary period.[5] Time magazine reported that "after the mother Lina Ruz died in 1963, there was a violent episode when Fidel decided to expropriate the family land once and for all. Juanita started selling the cattle; Fidel flew into a rage, denounced her as a 'counterrevolutionary worm,' and rushed to the Oriente farm."[6]

Emigration[edit]

In 1964 she left Cuba for Mexico, staying with her sister Enma, who had married a Mexican in Cuba and emigrated there.[1] Upon her arrival she called a press conference and announced that she had defected from Cuba. "I cannot longer remain indifferent to what is happening in my country," she said. "My brothers Fidel and Raúl have made it an enormous prison surrounded by water. The people are nailed to a cross of torment imposed by international Communism."[2]

In 1998, she filed a lawsuit in Spain against her niece Alina Fernández, the illegitimate daughter of her brother Fidel Castro, claiming that she had been libeled in some passages in Fernández's autobiography, Castro's Daughter: An Exile's Memoir of Cuba (1998). She claimed the book defamed her family: "People who were eating off Fidel's plate yesterday come here and want money and power, so they say whatever they want, even if it's not true." A Spanish court ordered Fernández and her publisher, Plaza & Janes, a Barcelona-based division of Random House, to pay $45,000 to Juanita Castro.[7]

On 25 October 2009, Juanita Castro told Univision's WLTV-23 she had initially supported her brother's 1959 overthrow of the Batista dictatorship but quickly became disillusioned. Her home became a sanctuary for anti-Communists before she fled the island. In the interview, Juanita Castro said she was approached by the CIA.[8][9][4]

Later life[edit]

After settling in Miami in 1964, she opened a pharmacy called Mini Price in 1973. She became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1984. In December 2006 she sold her pharmacy business to CVS Pharmacy.[10]

She published her autobiography in Spanish in 2009 as Fidel y Raul, mis hermanos. La historia secreta (Fidel and Raúl, My Brothers: The Secret History). It was co-written with the Mexican journalist María Antonieta Collins.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bardach, Ann Louise: Cuba Confidential. p57-59
  2. ^ a b c "The Bitter Family". Time Magazine. 10 July 1964. Retrieved 19 February 2008. 
  3. ^ Cuba Confidential by Ann Lousie Bardach, page 57
  4. ^ a b c d "Castro's Sister Says She Worked With the C.I.A.". New York Times. Reuters. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  5. ^ "Fidel Castro's sister: I worked with CIA in Cuba". Reuters. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 26 October 2009. 
  6. ^ "The Bitter Family". Time Magazine. 10 July 1964. Retrieved 19 February 2008. 
  7. ^ Pablo Bachelet (9 August 2005). "Post-Castro Cuba will be 'a big mess,' speaker says". The Miami Herald. Cuba Net. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008. 
  8. ^ Wides-Munoz, Laura (26 October 2009). "Castro's sister says she collaborated with CIA". Associated Press. Retrieved 26 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Castro's sister 'spied for CIA'". BBC News. 26 October 2009. 
  10. ^ "Castro's sister shuts Miami pharmacy". The Miami Herald. 28 February 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2011. 
Additional sources
  • Castro, Juanita (2009). Fidel y Raul - Mis Hermanos, La Historia Secreta. Santillana USA Publishing Company, Inc. ISBN 978-1-60396-701-3. 

External links[edit]