Juanita M. Kreps
|24th United States Secretary of Commerce|
January 23, 1977 – October 31, 1979
|Preceded by||Elliot Richardson|
|Succeeded by||Philip Klutznick|
|Born||Clara Juanita Morris
January 11, 1921
Lynch, Kentucky, U.S.
|Died||July 5, 2010
Durham, North Carolina, U.S.
|Alma mater||Berea College
Clara Juanita Morris Kreps (January 11, 1921 – July 5, 2010) was an American government official and businesswoman. She served as the United States Secretary of Commerce from January 23, 1977 until October 31, 1979, under President Jimmy Carter and was the first woman to hold that position, and the fourth woman to hold any Cabinet position.
Early life and career
Kreps was born Clara Juanita Morris on January 11, 1921, in Lynch, Kentucky. She was the daughter of Cenia (née Blair) and Elmer M. Morris. She graduated from Berea College in 1942, and earned her master's and Ph.D. in economics at Duke University in 1944 and 1948, respectively. She was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa. A specialist in labor demographics, Kreps taught at Denison University, Hofstra College, Queens College, and Duke. She rose through the ranks there to become the university's first female vice president. In 1972 she was the first woman director of the New York Stock Exchange.
Kreps was awarded the 1976 North Carolina Award for public service and 20 honorary degrees. She was sat on the board of 10 major corporations. A collection of Kreps' papers is housed at the Rubenstein Library at the Duke University.
Political advisor Anne Wexler, who was serving on the President Jimmy Carter's transition team after his victory in the 1976 presidential election, recommended Kreps for a post in the Carter administration. Kreps was appointed to serve as the Secretary of Commerce. She resigned on October 31, 1979. She was replaced by Philip M. Klutznick.
- McFadden, Robert D. (7 July 2010). "Juanita M. Kreps, Commerce Secretary, Dies at 89". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
- Juanita M. Kreps
- NC SPIN Online
- "Juanita Morris Kreps Papers, 1921-2001 and undated". Rubenstein Library, Duke University.
- Martin, Douglas. "Anne Wexler, an Influential Political Operative and Lobbyist, Is Dead at 79", The New York Times, August 8, 2009. Accessed August 8, 2009.
|United States Secretary of Commerce