Juanita Westmoreland-Traore, OQ (born March 10, 1942) is the first appointed black judge in the history of Quebec. She also holds the distinction of being the first black dean of a law school (the University of Windsor Faculty of Law) in Canada’s history.
Westmoreland-Traoré, was born in Verdun, now part of Montreal, Quebec, in 1942, the daughter of immigrants from Guyana. She studied at Marianopolis College, and subsequently obtatined a law degree from the Université de Montréal (1966) and a doctorate from the University of Paris. She was called to the Quebec Bar in 1969, and began practising law in 1970 with the law firm of Mergler, Melançon. She has also been a member of the Ontario Bar since 1997. During the 1970s, Westmoreland-Traoré taught at the Université de Montréal, and from 1976 to 1991 at the Université du Québec à Montréal.
Westmoreland-Traoré was a member of the Office de protection des consommateurs du Québec from 1979 to 1983. From 1983 to 1985, she was a Commissioner for the Canadian Human Rights Commission. In 1985, she became the first chair of Quebec's Conseil des communautés culturelles et de l’immigration. From 1991 to 1995, she was Employment Equity Commissioner of Ontario. From 1996 to 1999 she was the dean of the University of Windsor's law faculty. She was appointed a Judge of the Court of Quebec for the District of Montreal in 1999.
In 1991, she was made an Officer of the National Order of Quebec. Westmoreland-Traoré has received other awards, including from Canadian Jewish Congress, the Montreal Association of Black Business Persons and Professionals, and the Canadian Bar Association. In 2008, she was awarded the Quebec Human Rights Commission's Rights and Liberties Prize for her career-long fight against discrimination. 
In March 2013, Université du Québec à Montréal's Département des sciences juridiques founded the Juanita Westmoreland-Traoré scholarship. The $3000 scholarship is to be awarded annually to a single undergraduate law student who uses their training to promote human rights, social justice and equality. Sameer Zuberi, a human rights advocate of ten years, was the bursary's first recipient in April 2014.
- "Juanita Westmoreland-Traoré". Secrétariat de l'Ordre national du Québec. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "Juanita Westmoreland-Traoré". Black History Month- Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- "Judge Westmoreland-Traoré to be honoured". The Montreal Gazette. November 13, 2008. Archived from the original on 9 November 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- "Nouvelle bourse Juanita Westmoreland-Traoré". Actualités UQAM. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- "Un boursier engagé". Actualités UQAM. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- "L'engagement social récompensé". Journal Métro. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
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