|Other names||Yubal, Yuval|
|Known for||forefather of all musicians|
|Parent(s)||Lamech and Adah|
Jubal (also Yuval, Yubal or Tubal; Hebrew: יוּבָל – Yūḇāl) is a Biblical figure in Genesis 4:21 of the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. Mentioned only once, he is sometimes regarded by Christians, particularly by medieval commentators, as the 'inventor of music'. A descendant of Cain, his father is Lamech and his brother is Jabal.
Jubal is only know from his appearance in Genesis 4:21 of the Hebrew Bible and Old Testament. The account describes him as a descendant of Cain and the son of Lamech and Adah. He is also a brother of Jabal, and half-brother of Tubal-cain and Naamah. Genesis credits him as the forefather of certain instruments: the cinnor (Hebrew: כנור) and uggab (עוגב). The translations of these vary depending on the edition:
In Islamic sources
- Anderson, Gene H. (Spring 1983). "Pythagoras and the Origin of Music Theory". Indiana Theory Review. 6 (3): 35–61. JSTOR 24045969.
- Beichner, Paul E. (1954). The Medieval Representative of Music, Jubal Or Tubalcain?. Notre Dame: Mediaeval Institute, University of Notre Dame. OCLC 1150294948.
- McKinnon, James W. (2001). "Jubal". Grove Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.14520. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- McKinnon, James W. (January 1978). "Jubal vel Pythagoras, quis sit inventor musicae?" [Jubal or Pythagoras, who is the inventor of music?]. The Musical Quarterly. Oxford University Press. 64 (1): 1–28. JSTOR 741650.
- Steadman, John M. (December 1964). "The "Inharmonious Blacksmith": Spenser and the Pythagoras Legend". Publications of the Modern Language Association. Cambridge University Press. 79 (5): 664–665. doi:10.2307/461152. JSTOR 461152.
- Wright, Owen; Poché, Christian; Shiloah, Amnon (2001). "Arab music". Grove Music Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.01139. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Media related to Jubal at Wikimedia Commons