Jubal (Bible)

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Jubal the Musician
Jubal, son of Lamech
Other namesYubal
Known forforefather of all musicians
Title"the father of all those who play the harp and flute"
Parent(s)Lamech and Adah
RelativesJabal (brother)
Tubal-cain (half-brother)
Naamah (half-sister)
Jubal and family painted by Kristian Zahrtmann

Jubal (also Yuval or Yubal; Hebrew: יוּבָלYūḇāl) is a man mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, in Genesis 4:21. Known as the father of all who play the harp and flute, Jubal is the brother of Jabal and the half-brother of Tubal-cain and half-brother of his half-sister Naamah.


Jubal was a descendant of Cain, the son of Lamech and Adah, and the brother of Jabal, and half-brother of Tubal-cain and Naamah. Jubal is described as the "ancestor of all who played the harp and flute."


Jubal is said to have played the כנור ("Kinnor", translated "harp" in the NIV and "lyre" in the ESV) and the עוגב ("Uggab", translated "flute" in the NIV and "pipe" in the ESV). Gordon Wenham suggests that the latter may have been a "reed or a Pan's pipe."[1]


  1. ^ Wenham 1987, p. 113.
  • Wenham, Gordon J. (1987). Genesis 1-15. Word Publishers.

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