Jubayr ibn Mut'im

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jubayr ibn Mut‘im (Arabic: جبير بن مطعم‎) (d. AH 57 (676/677)[1] or AH 59 (678/679)[2]) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He accepted Islam after initially being a non-believer.

Biography[edit]

A member of the Nawfal clan of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca, he was the son of Mut'im ibn 'Adi.[3]:4[4]:43 He was renowned for his knowledge of genealogy, which he claimed to have learned directly from Abu Bakr.[3]:4

Until 3 BH (620 CE), Jubayr was engaged to Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha. This arrangement was cancelled, following the death of Muhammad's first wife Khadija, in favour of Aisha's marriage to Muhammad in May or June 620.[4]:43 In September 622 Jubayr was one of those involved in an unsuccessful plot to kill Muhammad.[3]:221 At the Battle of Uhud Jubayr bribed his slave Wahshy ibn Harb with manumission to kill Hamza ibn 'Abdul Muttalib because Hamza had killed Jubayr's uncle at Badr.[3]:371

He adopted Islam in the period between the Hudaibiah Treaty (628) and the Conquest of Mecca (630) and then settled in Medina.[5]:102

He had two sons, Nafi,[6] described as "prolific in relating tradition,"[3]:112 and Muhammad,[7] alleged to be "the most learned of the Quraysh".[3]:58 However, his kunya, Abu Abdullah,[5]:291 indicates another son named Abdullah.

Narrations[edit]

Jubayr is included in the Isnad of several hadith.

Narrated Jubayr ibn Mut`im: My father said, "I heard Allah's Messenger reciting "at-Tur" (52) in the Maghrib prayer." Bukhari 1:12:732

Narrated Jubayr ibn Mut`im: That he heard the Prophet saying, "The person who severs the bond of kinship will not enter Paradise." Bukhari 8:73:13

Jubayr ibn Mut'im narrated from his father who said: "They told me that I was proud, while I rode a donkey, wore a cloak, and I milked the sheep. And the Messenger of Allah said to me: 'Whoever does these, then there is no pride (arrogance) in him.'" Sahih. Tirmidhi 4:1:2001

Narrated Jubayr ibn Mut`im: The Prophet talked about war prisoners of Badr saying, "Had Al-Mut`im ibn Adi been alive and interceded with me for these mean people, I would have freed them for his sake." Bukhari 4:53:367

Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut'im reported on the authority of his father that a woman asked Allah's Messenger about something, but he told her to come to him on some other occasion, whereupon she said: "What in your opinion [should I do] if I come to you but do not find you?" and it seemed as if she meant that he might die. Thereupon he said: "If you do not find me, then come to Abu Bakr." This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jubayr ibn Mut'im through another chain of transmitters [and the words are] that a woman came to Allah's Messenger and discussed with him something, and he gave a command as we find in the above-mentioned narration. Muslim 31:5878

See also[edit]

References[edit]

(See Discussion)

  1. ^ http://dictionary.al-islam.com/Arb/Dicts/SelDict.asp?DI=26&CurrPage=3&TL=1&Theme=26&RDF=1[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Al-islam.org [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Alfred Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir Volume 8. Translated by Aisha Bewley (1995). The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  5. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari. Tarikh al-Rusul wa'l-Muluk. Translated by E. Landau-Tasseron (1998). Volume 39: Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  6. ^ Rijal: narrators of the Muwatta of Imam Muhammad
  7. ^ http://www.hadithblog.com/yahya-related-to-me-from-malik-from-ibn-shihab-from-muhammad-ibn-jubayr-ibn-mutim-that-his-father-said-i-heard-the-messenger-of-allah-may-allah-bless-him-and-grant-him-peace-recite-at-tur-sura-52-in-t/yahya-related-to-me-from-malik-from-ibn-shihab-from-muhammad-ibn-jubayr-ibn-mutim-that-his-father-said-i-heard-the-messenger-of-allah-may-allah-bless-him-and-grant-him-peace-recite-at-tur-sura-52-in-t.html