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A Jubilee is a particular anniversary of an event, usually denoting the 25th, 40th, 50th, 60th, or 70th anniversary. Of biblical origins, the term is often now used to denote the celebrations associated with the reign of a monarch after a milestone number of years have passed.
The Jubilee (Hebrew: יובל yūḇāl) year (every 50th year) and the Sabbatical year (every seventh year) are Biblical commandments concerning ownership of land. The laws concerning the Sabbatical year are still observed by many religious Jews in the State of Israel, while the Jubilee has not been observed for many centuries. According to the Hebrew Bible, every seventh year farmers in the land of Israel are commanded to let their land lie fallow. The celebration of the Jubilee is the fiftieth year, that is, the year after seven Sabbatical cycles. In Roman Catholic tradition, a Jubilee is a year of remission of sins and also the punishment due to sin.
Celebrations in the reign of a monarch:
- Silver jubilee, for a 25th anniversary
- Ruby jubilee, for a 40th anniversary
- Golden jubilee, for a 50th anniversary
- Diamond jubilee, for a 60th anniversary
- Sapphire jubilee, for a 65th anniversary
- Platinum jubilee, for a 70th anniversary
- Double Platinum jubilee, for a 75th anniversary
- "Francis announces new global jubilee, the Holy Year of Mercy". National Catholic Reporter. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
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- A history of jubilees – The British Royal Family