Jubilee Records

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Jubilee Record
Jubilee records label.gif
Founded 1946 (1946)
Founder Herb Abramson
Defunct 1970 (1970)
Genre Rhythm and blues, novelty
Country of origin U.S.
Location New York City

Jubilee Records was an American independent record label, specializing in rhythm and blues along with novelty records. It was founded in New York City in 1946 by Herb Abramson. Jerry Blaine became Abramson's partner. Blaine bought out Abramson's half of the company in 1947, when Abramson went on to co-found Atlantic Records with Ahmet Ertegun.[1][2] The company name was Jay-Gee Recording Company, a subsidiary of the Cosnat Corporation. Cosnat was a wholesale record distributor.

History[edit]

Jubilee was the first independent record label to reach the white market with a black vocal group, when the Orioles' recording of "Crying in the Chapel" reached the Top Twenty on the Pop charts in 1953.[3]

The Four Tunes started recording for Jubilee in 1953. The biggest early hit for Jubilee was "Crying in the Chapel" by the Orioles. A subsidiary label, Josie Records, was formed in 1954 and issued more uptempo material. Hits on Josie included "Speedoo" by the Cadillacs (number 3 R&B, number 17 pop) and "Do You Wanna Dance" by Bobby Freeman (number 2 R&B, number 5 pop). The biggest success was the million-seller "Last Kiss", by J. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers, which reached number 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1964. In the late 1960s, the Meters, a group of New Orleans session musicians, released a series of R&B instrumental hits, including "Cissy Strut", which reached number 4 R&B and number 23 pop. The label's last rock-and-roll hit was the rhythm-and-blues instrumental "Poor Boy"/"Wail!" by the Royaltones (number 17, 1957).[3]

Of the label's novelty recordings, releases by the blooper compiler Kermit Schaefer and the comedian Rusty Warren were successful.

Jubilee/Josie also had a custom label, Gross Records, whose only artist was Doug Clark and the Hot Nuts.[4]

In 1970, Jubilee/Josie, in financial difficulties, was sold to Viewlex, which owned Buddah Records, and Blaine left the company.[5] The catalog was eventually taken over by Roulette Records.[1]

In the late 1980s, Roulette was sold jointly to Rhino Records and EMI, and in the 1990s, Rhino was sold to Time Warner. The rights to the Jubilee records archives in North America are now owned by Warner Music, with EMI holding the rights in the rest of the world until 2013.

Warner Music Group now has worldwide rights to the Roulette/Jubilee catalogue as a result of acquiring Parlophone in 2013.

Roster[edit]

This is a list of recording artists who have had at least one recording released on the Jubilee Records label.

Josie Records artists[edit]

This is a list of recording artists who have had at least one recording released on the Josie Records label.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Jerry Blaine". Rockabilly.nl. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  2. ^ "Billboard - Google Books". Books.google.com. 1959-01-19. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  3. ^ a b Gillett, Charlie (1996). The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll (2nd ed.). New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0-306-80683-5. 
  4. ^ "Gross Label Album Discography". Bsnpubs.com. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  5. ^ "Billboard - Google Books". Books.google.com. 1970-06-20. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007. 
  7. ^ http://home.roadrunner.com/~hifiebay/Jubilee%20nan%20blakstoneLP.jpg. Retrieved November 21, 2007.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  8. ^ "Legendary blues singer Piney Brown dies". Communityvoices.post-gazette.com. 2009-02-18. Retrieved 2016-10-04. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2007. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007. 
  14. ^ Steve Leggett (1995-09-05). "Jumping at Jubilee - Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-06-16. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2007. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2007. 
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2007. 
  18. ^ "Risque Rhythm (1950s)". Horntip.com. 2014-04-16. Retrieved 2016-06-16. 
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2007. Retrieved August 22, 2007. 

External links[edit]