|Ben Hur character|
|First appearance||A Tale of the Christ (1880, novel)|
|Last appearance||Ben Hur (2016, film)|
|Created by||Lew Wallace|
|Voiced by||Charlton Heston (2003)|
Son of Hur
Judah Ben-Hur, or just Ben-Hur, is a fictional character and the title character from Lew Wallace's 1880 novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ. The book covers the character's adventures and struggle against the Roman Empire as he tries to restore honour to his family's name after being falsely accused of attacking the Roman governor. Judah encounters Jesus Christ and becomes a Christian.
Wallace wrote that he chose the name Ben-Hur "because it was biblical, and easily spelled, printed and pronounced." The name appears once in the Bible (Hebrew: בן־חור), as the name of one of King Solomon's twelve district governors (1 Kings 4:8). Whether that was a proper name, or the person was being referred to as "the son of Hur" is not clear. The specific meaning of "Hur" is also unclear; among other possibilities, it may mean "something white" or "hollow or depressed ground".
Concept and creation
The Count of Monte Cristo was the inspiration for Ben-Hur; the main character Edmond Dantes is falsely accused, escapes his imprisonment and seeks vengeance on those responsible for his imprisonment.
Fictional character biography
Judah Ben-Hur is a Jewish prince of Jerusalem who is descended from a royal family of Judaea; son of Ithamar; enslaved by the Romans and freed by Quintus Arrius, a Roman warship commander, who also adopts Judah as his son. Judah later becomes a charioteer intending to defeat Messala as retribution for falsely accusing him and his family of attacking the Roman governor during a military parade earlier on in the book. Messala is Judah's boyhood friend who becomes his rival later in the Sheik Ilderim's chariot at Antioch. Judah becomes a follower of Christ, watches him perform miracles, witnesses the Crucifixion and realises that He is a heavenly King not an earthly king. His encounters with Jesus throughout his journey ultimately changes his perspective on life - realising that forgiveness is more important than revenge. Esther becomes his wife and the mother of his children.
Five years after the chariot race, Judah learns from Iras that she killed Messala. In approximately AD 64 (being the tenth year of Nero's reign), Judah finds out about the suffering of their fellow Christians. He gives his fortune to help construct the Catacomb of Callixtus and an underground church within the catacombs.
In the 1959 film directed by William Wyler, Ben-Hur was played by Charlton Heston who won the Academy Award for Best Actor. Marlon Brando, Burt Lancaster and Rock Hudson turned down the role before Heston accepted it. In this version Ben-Hur becomes a Christian at the Crucifixion of Christ; whereas in the book Ben-Hur becomes a Christian earlier. Ben-Hur is given a more somewhat bitter personality; Balthazar, one of the three wise men having witnessed the birth of Christ begs him to listen to the teachings of Jesus but Judah rebuffs him saying that he has business with Rome. Blaming Rome for destroying the once good Messala (prior to his corruption) and what has happened to his family Judah refuses to have anything more to do the Empire - and asks Pilate to return his ring to his adoptive father, Quintus Arrius. In contrast with the book, while witnessing the Crucifixion, Judah comes to realise that forgiveness is better than vengeance feeling Jesus' voice taking the sword of anger and hatred out of his hand.
Heston reprised his role in the 2003 animated film. Although this version is similar to the 1959 film, some differences include Ben-Hur, his family, Balthazar and a redeemed Messala witnessing the Crucifixion.
Judah Ben-Hur also appears in the Back to the Future animated series episode Roman Holiday.
In contrast with the novel most of the adaptations end with Judah being reunited with Miriam and Tirzah. The aftermath and his marriage to Esther is also not part of some of the adaptation's plot with the exception of the 2003 animated film, where Judah shares with his children his adventures and faith in Jesus.
- Federer, [compiled by] William J. (1994). America's God and country : encyclopedia of quotations (Trade Paper. ed.). Coppell, Tex.: Fame. p. 630. ISBN 9781880563052.
- Uittenbogaard, Arie. "The amazing name Ben-hur: meaning and etymology". Abarim Publications. Abarim Publications. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- The Book Lover's Devotional. Barbour Publishing. 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
- Wallace, Ben-Hur (1880), pp. 100 and 171
- Wallace, Ben-Hur (1880), pp. 135, 160–62, and 166–67.
- Wallace, Ben-Hur (1880), pp. 206 and 231.
- Morsberger and Morsberger, p. 303.
- Wallace, Ben-Hur (1880), pp. 180 and 548.
- "Jack Huston set to star in Ben-Hur remake". BBC News. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2016.
- Mark Espiner (14 September 2009). "Ben Hur Live leaves little to the imagination". theguardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2016.