Judaism in Australia
0.5% of Australia's population
|Australian English, Hebrew, Yiddish, Russian, Hungarian, Romanian, French, Persian, Arabic, Spanish, Afrikaans, Bukhori, Polish, German, Chinese.|
Judaism is a minority religion in Australia. 97,335 Australians identified as Jewish in the 2011 census, which accounts for about 0.5% of the population.
Jewish immigration came at a time of antisemitism and the Returned Services League and other groups publicized cartoons to encourage the government and the immigration Minister Arthur A. Calwell to stem the flow of Jewish immigrants.
Until the 1930s, all synagogues in Australia were affiliated with Orthodox, acknowledging leadership of the Chief Rabbi of the United Kingdom. To this day, about 70% of synagogues in Australia are Orthodox.
There had been at least two short-lived efforts to establish Reform congregations, the first as early as the 1890s. However, in 1930, under the leadership of Ada Phillips, a Liberal or Progressive congregation, Temple Beth Israel (Melbourne, Australia), was permanently established in Melbourne. In 1938 the long-serving Senior Rabbi, Rabbi Dr Herman Sanger, was instrumental in establishing another synagogue, Temple Emanuel in Sydney. He also played a part in founding a number of other Liberal synagogues in other cities in both Australia and New Zealand. The first Australian-born rabbi, Rabbi Dr John Levi, served the Australian Liberal movement.
In Adelaide Australian Jews have been present throughout the history of the city, with many successful civic leaders and people in the arts.
The same social and cultural characteristics of Australia that facilitated the extraordinary economic, political, and social success of the Australian Jewish community have also been attributed to contributing to widespread assimilation.
|Part of a series on|
|Jews and Judaism|
- Roy Clive Abraham, linguist
- Raymond Apple, Senior Rabbi of the Great Synagogue of Sydney
- Lior Attar, singer, musician
- Hajnal Ban Black, Israeli born author, politician
- Danny Ben-Moshe, writer
- John Bluthal, actor
- Ashley Brown, soccer player
- Jordan Brown, soccer player
- Saskia Burmeister, actress
- Zelman Cowen, Politician, Governor-General of Australia
- Mark Dreyfus, former attorney general
- James Edelman, High Court Justice
- Alan Finkel, Australia's Chief Scientist
- Amelia Frid, Russian born actress
- John Gandel, Businessman, philanthropist
- Renee Geyer, soul singer
- Todd Goldstein, AFL Player for the North Melbourne Kangaroos
- David Gonski, Businessman, philanthropist
- David Helfgott, Pianist (inspired Academy Award-winning film Shine)
- Isaac Isaacs, Judge and politician, Chief Justice of Australia, and Governor-General of Australia
- Barrie Kosky, Opera director
- John Levi, Rabbi
- Solomon Lew, Businessman
- Frank Lowy, Slovak-born Israeli Australian businessman
- David Malouf, writer
- Miriam Margolyes, British-Australian actress
- John Monash, Australian General
- Jonathan Moss, Former first-class cricketer for the Victoria cricket team (2000 - 2007). Played for Australia at the Maccabiah Games in Israel
- Phil Moss, Current manager of the Central Coast Mariners in the A-League, and former soccer player in the National Soccer League
- Bernhard Neumann, German-born British-Australian mathematician
- Henry Ninio, Egyptian-born Lord Mayor of Adelaide
- Martin Pakula, politician
- Anthony Pratt, Australian businessman
- Richard Pratt, businessman
- Ohad Rain, Australian-born Israeli singer-songwriter
- Mark Regev, Australian-born Israeli diplomat and civil servant
- Louis Rubin-Zacks, rabbi
- John Safran, comedian
- Sidney Sinclair, businessman
- Peter Singer, Philosopher
- Troye Sivan, South African-born Australian singer, actor and YouTuber
- Victor Smorgon, Businessman
- Ikey Solomon, convict, first fleet prisoner
- Steven Solomon, sprinter
- David Southwick, politician
- Elana Stone, musician
- Yael Stone, actress
- Harry Triguboff, Chinese-born Australian businessman
- Lionel Van Praag, speedway champion
- Alex Waislitz, Businessman
- Julien Wiener, cricketer
- Felix Werder, German born
- Yitzhak Yedid, Israeli born composer
- David Zalcberg, table tennis player
- Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Linguist and revivalist
- "Australia's Jewish population rises to 100,000". Haaretz. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- "Australia's Jewish population rises to 100,000 | The Israeli News". Haaretz. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- Suzanne D. Rutland (2008). "Jews". Dictionary of Sydney. Dictionary of Sydney Trust. Retrieved 3 January 2012.
- Rutland, Susan, 2005, The Jews in Australia
- Rubinstein and Freeman, (Editors), "A Time to Keep: The story of Temple Beth Israel: 1930 to 2005" A Special publication of the Australian Jewish Historical Society, 2005.
- Goldberg, Dan (2013-01-02). "Australian Jews may top Forbes' rich list, but 20% live on poverty line Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Jewish Community Council of Victoria (JCCV) - Overview". JCCV. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- "Census shows Jews are on the move | The Australian Jewish News". Jewishnews.net.au. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2013-09-15.
- Adelaide Jewish Museum Retrieved 8 September 2011.
- Postrel, Virginia (May 1993). "Uncommon Culture". Reason Magazine. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-05.