Al-Judeida

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Judeida
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic الجديدة
Judeida is located in the Palestinian territories
Judeida
Judeida
Location of Judeida within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°20′4.81″N 35°18′6.76″E / 32.3346694°N 35.3018778°E / 32.3346694; 35.3018778Coordinates: 32°20′4.81″N 35°18′6.76″E / 32.3346694°N 35.3018778°E / 32.3346694; 35.3018778
Palestine grid 178/193
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 4,738
Name meaning The dyke[1]

Al-Judeida (Arabic: الجديدة‎‎) is a Palestinian town in the Jenin Governorate in the western area of the West Bank, located 14 kilometres (9 mi) south of Jenin. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 4,738 in the 2007 census.[2]

History[edit]

Al-Judeida is an ancient village, where Byzantine ceramics have been found.[3] Zertal notes that the sherds from the Byzantine era were at the edge of the hilltop upon which al-Judeida stands.[4]

Pottery sherds found in the village mostly date back to the medieval and Ottoman eras. During Crusader rule, in 1168, al-Judeida was an estate called "Gidideh".[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Like all of Palestine, al-Judeida was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 Ottoman tax registers, al-Judeida was an entirely Muslim village with a population of 10 families,[4] located in the Nahiya Jabal Sami, in the Nablus Sanjak. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax-rate of 33.3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues and a press for grape syrup or olive oil; a total of 3,500 akçe.[5]

Most of the buildings in the old core of Judeida date back to the 16th and 17th centuries.[4] In 1870, French traveler Victor Guérin visited al-Judeida, describing it as being amid "gardens of fig trees, pomegranates and olives. It seems to be an ancient site, because of the many rock hewn cisterns and the well-shaped stones contained in the walls of its 35 houses."[4][6] In 1882, it was described by the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine as "a good-sized village on flat ground, with a few olives".[4][7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 British census, Al-Judeida had a population of 361, all Muslims,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 569 inhabitants, still all Muslims, living in a total of 106 houses.[9]

In 1945 the population was 830, all Muslims,[10] with 6,360 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of the village's lands, 2,211 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,850 dunams for cereals,[12] while 20 dunams were built-up (urban) areas.[13]

Geography[edit]

Al-Judeida is situated at the southern edge of the Marj Sanur valley on a small hilltop with an elevation of about 425 meters above sea level. The old core of al-Judeida is in the center of the village and is relatively small with an area of 14 dunams. It has narrow alleys that meet at a square in the old core's center.[4] The nearest localities are Siris to the southwest, Meithalun to the northwest, Sir to the north, Aqqaba to the northeast and Tubas to the east.

Demographics[edit]

Al-Judeida had a population of 3,639 in the 1997 census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). Palestinian refugees and their descendants accounted for 17.5% of the inhabitants.[14] In the 2007 PCBS census, al-Judeida's population grew to 4,738. The number of households was 923, with each household containing an average of between five members. Women made up 49.8% of the population and men 50.2%.[2]

On Saturday 9 January 2016 resident Ali Abu Maryam (23) was shot dead by Israeli soldiers at the Beka'ot roadblock.[15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 183
  2. ^ a b "Table 26 (Cont.): Localities in the West Bank by Selected Indicators, 2007" (PDF) (in Arabic). Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. 2007. p. 106. 
  3. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 760
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Zertal, 2004, p. 246
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127. Note that the tables has a typo in grid-no: 188/193, while the village is correctly places on the maps.
  6. ^ Guérin, 1874, pp. 352-353
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 156
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, p. 29.
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 69
  10. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 16.
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 54.
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99.
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149.
  14. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status at the Wayback Machine (archived February 7, 2012). 1997 Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 1999.
  15. ^ [1] Gideon Levy 16/1/2016
  16. ^ [2] Ha'aretz 9/1/2016 Gili Cohen

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]