Judeo-Iraqi Arabic

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Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
Native to Iraq, Israel
Native speakers
plus 100,000–120,000 in Israel (1994)[1]
Dialects
Arabic alphabet
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yhd
Glottolog jude1266[2]

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (Arabic: عربية يهودية عراقية‎), also known as Iraqi Judeo-Arabic and Yahudic, is a variety of Arabic spoken by Iraqi Jews currently or formerly living in Iraq. It is estimated that there are 100,000 to 120,000 speakers in Israel (as of 1994)[3] and that just 100 to 150 older speakers remain in Iraq (as of 1992).[3] The best known variety is Baghdad Jewish Arabic, although there were different dialects in Mosul and elsewhere.

The vast majority of Iraqi Jews have relocated to Israel and have switched to using Hebrew as their home language.

The 2014 film Farewell Baghdad is performed mostly in Baghdad Jewish Arabic, the first time a movie has been filmed in Judeo-Iraqi Arabic.

Samples[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (15th ed., 2005)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Judeo-Iraqi Arabic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ a b Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).