Judeo-Iraqi Arabic

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Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
Native to Israel, India, Iraq
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 52,000 in India)[1]
plus 100,000–120,000 in Israel (1994)[2]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yhd
Glottolog jude1266[3]

Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (also known as Iraqi Judeo-Arabic and Yahudic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews living or formerly living in Iraq. It is estimated that there are 100,000 to 120,000 speakers in Israel (as of 1994),[2] 52,000 in India (no date),[1] and that just 100 to 150 older speakers remain in Iraq (as of 1992).[2] The best known variety is Jewish Baghdadi Arabic (see that article for orthography and grammar), though there were different dialects in Mosul and elsewhere.



  1. ^ a b India at Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, & Charles D. Fennig, ed. (2013). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (17th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. 
  2. ^ a b c Judeo-Iraqi Arabic at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Judeo-Iraqi Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.