Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic
Native to Israel, Italy
Native speakers
35,000 (1994)[1]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 yud
Glottolog jude1264[2]

Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic (also known as Tripolitanian Judeo-Arabic, Jewish Tripolitanian-Libyan Arabic, Tripolita'it, Yudi) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews formerly living in Libya. Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic differs from standard Libyan Arabic in that it closely resembles the original dialect of the sedentary population, whereas much of Libya's population now speaks Bedouin-influenced varieties of Arabic.[3] A reference grammar is available.[4]


In ca. 1994 there were 35,000 speakers of Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic, mostly in Israel (30,000) and Italy (5,000).[5] As of 2014, those in Israel are mostly over the age of 60 and are bilingual in Hebrew.[6]


There were 20,000 Jews living in Tripoli in 1948. About 14,000 migrated to Israel and Italy in 1948-1952, following two riots. After riots during the Six-Day War in 1967, most of the remaining 6,000 Jews emigrated; there were only a few dozen Jews living in Tripoli in 1970.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ (Russian) Judæo-Arabic languages. Jewish Electronic Encyclopædia.
  4. ^ a b Yoda, Sumikazu (2005). The Arabic dialect of the Jews in Tripoli (Libya): Grammar, Text and Glossary. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. 
  5. ^ Spolsky, Bernard (Mar 27, 2014). The languages of the Jews: A Sociolinguistic History. Cambridge University Press. p. 270. 
  6. ^ Estimate of mostly over the age of 40 cited from 1994.
    Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic at Ethnologue (14th ed., 2000).

Further reading[edit]

  • Garcia Arevalo, T. (2014). "The General Linguistic Features of the Modern Judeo-Arabic dialects in the Maghreb". Zutot 11 (1): 49-56. 
  • Goldberg, H. (1983) Language and culture of the Jews of Tripolitania. Mediterranean language review 1. (?).
  • Spolsky, B. (2014). The languages of the Jews: A sociolinguistic history.

External links[edit]