Judeo-Yemeni Arabic

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Judeo-Yemeni Arabic
Native to Israel, Yemen
Ethnicity Yemenite Jews
Native speakers
50,000 (1995)[1]
Hebrew alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jye
Glottolog jude1267[2]

Judeo-Yemeni Arabic (also known as Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Jews living or formerly living in Yemen. The language is quite different from mainstream Yemeni Arabic, and is written in the Hebrew script. The cities of San`a, `Aden, Beida, and Habban each have (or had) their own dialect.[1]

The vast majority of Yemenite Jews have relocated to Israel and have switched to using Hebrew in as their home language. In 1995, Israel was home to 50,000 speakers of Judeo-Yemeni in 1995, while 1,000 remained in Yemen.[1] According to Yemeni rabbi Al-Marhabi, most of these have since left for the United States, and fewer than 100 Jews are believed remain in Yemen.[when?][citation needed]


  1. ^ a b c Judeo-Yemeni Arabic at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Judeo-Yemeni Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

See Also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Khan, G. (Ed.). (2013, January 1). Hebrew as a secret Language in Yemenite Judeo-Arabic (EHLL). Retrieved February 13, 2015, from http://www.academia.edu/6421917/Hebrew_as_a_secret_Language_in_Yemenite_Judeo-Arabic_EHLL_
  • Wexler, P. (n.d.). Jewish Interlinguistics: Facts and Conceptual Framework. Retrieved February 13, 2015, from http://www.jstor.org/stable/414288
  • Piamenta, Moshe. 1990-1991. A dictionary of post-classical Yemeni Arabic. Leiden: Brill. (Includes bibliographical references (v. 1, p. xv-xxiv)).
  • Goitein, Shelomo D. 1960. The language of al-gades: The main characteristics of an Arabic dialect spoken in Lower Yemen. Le Muséon 73. 351-394.

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