Judge Advocate of the Fleet
|Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet|
Ensign of the Royal Navy
|Department of the Admiralty, Ministry of Defence|
|Member of||Board of Admiralty, Admiralty Board, Navy Board|
|Reports to||First Sea Lord|
|Nominator||First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary of State for Defence|
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
|Term length||Not fixed (typically 1–5 years)|
|Inaugural holder||Judge Advocate, J. Fowler|
The position dates to the sixteenth century but was filled on an occasional basis until 1663 when it became a permanent role. Appointments were by Admiralty Order and included an annual stipend worth £146 between 1663 and 1666, and £182 thereafter. From 1824 the Judge Advocate also held office as Counsel to the Admiralty.
Until 2004 the Judge Advocate shared responsibility for the naval court martial system with the Chief Naval Judge Advocate, a legally trained serving naval officer who was responsible for the appointment of judge advocates. However the Chief Naval Judge Advocate's post was abolished in 2004 following a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights that held that, as a serving naval officer, his position was insufficiently independent.
Judge Advocates of the Fleet
- 1663 J. Fowler
- 1672 J. Brisbane
- 1680 H. Croone
- 1689 P. Foster
- 1689 F. Bacher
- 1690 Villiers Bathurst
- 1711 W. Strahan
- 1714 E. Honywood
- 1724 J. Copeland
- 1729 T. Hawes
- 1743 T. Kempe
- 1744 Charles Fearne
- 1768 George Jackson
- 1824 H. Twiss
- 1828 H. J. Shepherd
- 1845 R. Godson
- 1849 Richard Budden Crowder
- 1854 Thomas Phinn
- 1855 William Atherton
- 1859 Robert Collier, 1st Baron Monkswell
- 1863 Thomas Phinn
- 1866 John Walter Huddleston
- 1875–1904 Alexander Stavely Hill 
- 1904–1924 Reginald Brodie Dyke Acland 
- 1924-1933 Charles Murray Pitman
- 1933 J G Trapnell
- 1943 J Lhind Pratt
- 1945 Ewen Montagu
- 1973 William Howard
- 1986 Felix Waley
- 1995 J L Sessions
- 2004 Moribund
- 2008 Abolished
- J.C. Sainty (1975). "Judge Advocate of the Fleet 1663-1870". Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
- Naval Discipline Act 1957 (Remedial) Order 2004, SI 2004/66 Archived 2008-10-12 at the Wayback Machine.
- Grieves v. United Kingdom (N° 57067/00) Judgment 16.12.2003 [Grand Chamber]
- "Military Justice". Judiciary of England and Wales. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-04-13. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- S.272(2)/ Sch.8; s.378(2)/ Sch.17; Armed Forces Act 2006 (Commencement No. 2) Order 2007, SI 2007/2913 Archived 2008-09-08 at the Wayback Machine.
- Debrett, John (1901). Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage. London: Dean & Son Ltd. p. 361.
- Debrett, John (1922). Arthur G. M. Hesilrige, ed. Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage. London: Dean & Son Ltd. p. 375.
- Mr. C. M. Pitman, K.C. The Times (London, England), Friday, Oct 15, 1948; pg. 7; Issue 51203. (471 words)
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