Judge Dredd (film)
|Directed by||Danny Cannon|
|Based on||Judge Dredd|
by John Wagner
and Carlos Ezquerra
|Music by||Alan Silvestri|
|Box office||$113.5 million|
Judge Dredd is a 1995 American science fiction action film, based on the comic book character of the same name, directed by Danny Cannon, produced by Edward R. Pressman, Charles Lippincott and Beau E. L. Marks, and written by William Wisher Jr. and Steven E. de Souza. The film stars Sylvester Stallone, Armand Assante, Diane Lane, Rob Schneider, and Max von Sydow. The film takes place in 2080 and depicts a dystopian world and the crime-ridden metropolis Mega-City One. Following an unspecified disaster that turned Earth into a "cursed" wasteland, the survivors established a corps of Judges whose role combines that of police, judge, jury and executioner. The film follows Judge Joseph Dredd, one of the most dedicated Street Judges who had been framed for murder by his own half-brother—the psychotic Rico.
The film was released on June 30, 1995. Reviewers critcized the film for its script and perceived lack of originality and faith to its source material, along with Stallone's acting. The film is often considered to be one of Stallone's worst films, but its visual style, effects, music score, stunts and action sequences were praised, and the film was nominated for four Saturn Awards.
By the 2080s, much of Earth has become an uninhabitable wasteland. While some humans manage to survive in the barren "Cursed Earth", the majority of humanity resides in huge Mega-Cities with populations of tens of millions. To combat crime, the traditional justice system has been replaced by a corps of Judges whose role combines those of police officer, judge, jury, and executioner.
In Mega-City One, 2139, Joseph Dredd, one of the most dedicated "Street Judges", assists first-year Judge Barbara Hershey in ending a block war. Herman "Fergee" Ferguson, a hacker recently released from prison, is caught in the firefight and hides inside a food dispensing robot. Dredd arrests Herman for destruction of property, and sentences him to five years' imprisonment. Rico, a former Judge, escapes from prison with the help of Judge Griffin. He returns to Mega-City One and reclaims his uniform and "Lawgiver" gun. He also finds and reactivates a decommissioned ABC Warrior combat robot.
Vartis Hammond, a news reporter critical of Dredd, is murdered, and Dredd becomes the chief suspect. Dredd is taken to a trial before a tribunal of Council Judges including Griffin and Chief Justice Fargo, his mentor. Dredd is found guilty as his DNA is found on the bullets used to kill Hammond (a feature of the Lawgiver is imprinting the user's DNA on each bullet, a fact apparently unknown by most Judges). To save Dredd, Fargo steps down as Chief Justice and, for his last request, asks the Council to spare Dredd's life. Dredd is sentenced to life imprisonment while Fargo embarks on the "long walk", in which a retiring Judge ventures into the wasteland "to bring law to the lawless". Griffin, who freed Rico to frame Dredd for the murder, becomes Chief Justice and instructs Rico to cause chaos in the city.
Dredd is taken to the Aspen penal colony by airship, where he is seated next to Herman. However, the Angel Gang, a family of cannibalistic scavengers and bandits, shoots down the airship and brings Dredd and Herman back to their cave. A squad of Judges investigate the crashed ship and get to the cave, intent on killing any survivors, not rescuing them. Fargo arrives in time to save Dredd's life, but Mean Machine Angel mortally wounds him. A dying Fargo reveals that Dredd and Rico are the result of the Janus project, an experiment in genetic engineering intended to create the perfect Judge. Dredd deduces Rico framed him for the reporter's murder, using their identical DNA. Believing Griffin is trying to reactivate the Janus project, Fargo urges Dredd to stop him.
In Mega-City One, Rico terrorises the city and assassinates Judges in various ways. Griffin uses the situation to convince the Council Judges to unlock the Janus files. He plans to create an army of Judges from his DNA. After the Council Judges unlock the file, Griffin has them killed. Dredd and Herman sneak back into the city and meet with Hershey, who had also discovered the Janus project by herself. They go to the Statue of Liberty where the Janus laboratories are hidden. They encounter the ABC Warrior, who wounds Herman and captures Dredd and Hershey. Rico uses his own DNA as template for the Janus clones, then commands the ABC Warrior to kill Griffin. Herman, despite his wounds, disables the ABC Warrior as Dredd fights Rico, while Hershey fights his assistant, Dr. Ilsa Hayden. Rico activates his clones prematurely, but they fail to stop Dredd, and the swift clone activation ends up destroying the Janus laboratory. Dredd pursues Rico to the top of the Statue of Liberty, and a final struggle sends Rico falling to his death.
Having recorded the entire event, Central, the city's controlling supercomputer, broadcasts the information, clearing Dredd's name. The remaining Judges ask Dredd to become the new Chief Justice, but he refuses, preferring to remain a Street Judge.
- Sylvester Stallone as Judge Joseph Dredd
- Armand Assante as Rico Dredd
- Diane Lane as Judge Barbara Hershey
- Rob Schneider as Herman "Fergie" Fergusson
- Jürgen Prochnow as Judge Griffin
- Max von Sydow as Chief Justice Fargo
- Joanna Miles as Judge McGruder
- Joan Chen as Dr. Ilsa Hayden
- Balthazar Getty as Cadet Nathan Olmeyer
- Maurice Roëves as Warden Miller
- Ian Dury as Geiger
- Mitchell Ryan as Vartis Hammond
- Bradley Lavelle as Chief Judge Hunter
- Lex Daniel as Brisco, a rookie cadet
- Scott Wilson as Pa Angel
- Christopher Adamson as Mean Machine Angel
- Ewen Bremner as Junior Angel
- Phil Smeeton as Link Angel
- Peter Marinker as Judge Carlos Esposito
- Angus MacInnes as Judge Silver
- Mark Moraghan as Judge Monroe
- Al Sapienza as Judge Gellar
James Earl Jones provides the narration to the film's opening text crawl. Adrienne Barbeau provides the voice of the Hall of Justice Central Computer. James Remar makes an uncredited appearance as the Block Warlord in the opening sequence.
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Prior to production, the producer Edward Pressman had the script rewritten by Walon Green, Rene Balcer, and Michael S. Chernuchin. Stallone selected Gianni Versace to design futuristic yet functional attire for the film. Versace created numerous rejected designs for Dredd's outfit, before landing on the final look. Stallone and Assante wore blue contact lenses to match von Sydow who plays their genetic 'father'. Early in development Arnold Schwarzenegger, was considered for title role, while Renny Harlin, Richard Donner, Peter Hewitt, and Richard Stanley were considered to direct the film.
Filming took place at Shepperton Studios in the United Kingdom. The Statue of Liberty face was built in Lenox, Massachusetts, by a subsidiary of executive producer Andy Vajna’s company Cinergi.
Although film composer David Arnold was originally set to score the film, having collaborated with director Danny Cannon on his previous film The Young Americans, Arnold was replaced by film composing veteran Jerry Goldsmith, but as post-production dates fell further and further behind, Goldsmith was forced to drop out of the project as well, due to prior commitments to score other films (First Knight and Congo). Prior to leaving the project, Goldsmith composed and recorded a short piece of music that would eventually be used for the film's trailers and advertising campaigns. In the end, Alan Silvestri was selected as the new composer and would go on to score the final film. He initially recorded the soundtrack with the Sinfonia of London. But following changes made to the film in post-production, Silvestri had to make extensive adjustments to his score by re-recording segues and cues in Hollywood, though some of the music from the London sessions remains in the finished film.
The end credits song for the film, "Dredd Song", was written and performed by the English alternative rock band The Cure. The song appears on disc three of their 2004 rarities box set Join the Dots: B-Sides & Rarities 1978–2001 (The Fiction Years) as well as on the film's soundtrack album. The song "Judge Yr'self" by the Manic Street Preachers was originally going to be on the soundtrack. Their guitarist Richey Edwards disappeared in early 1995, and since the song was the last written with him in the band, it never made it to the final soundtrack listing. The song was not released until 2003, when the band released Lipstick Traces (A Secret History of Manic Street Preachers).
In 1995 Epic Records released a soundtrack album featuring seven tracks from Silvestri's score (all performed by the Sinfonia of London but most were not versions used in the film) and songs by The Cure, The The, White Zombie, Cocteau Twins, Leftfield. The UK edition also had Ryo Aska and Worldbeaters with Youssou N'Dour (only the first two songs are heard in the film over the end credits).
In 2015, Intrada Records issued a greatly-expanded two-disc, limited-edition album featuring all the music Silvestri recorded for the film. The album also includes the trailer music conducted by Jerry Goldsmith. This had only previously released as a re-recording – conducted by Joel McNeely – on the Varèse Sarabande compilation entitled Hollywood '95.
Prior to the film's world premiere on 30 June 1995, Judge Dredd had to be re-cut and submitted to the MPAA five times in order to get it down from a NC-17 to a R rating. This was before Stallone and the studio tried to cut the film even further to get a PG-13 rating. Director Danny Cannon was so disheartened over the constant creative disputes with Stallone that he swore he would never again work with another big-name actor. He also stated that the final version was completely different from the script due to the creative changes demanded by Stallone. In later interviews, Stallone said he thought the film was supposed to be an action comedy film so demanded rewrites to make it more comedic. The director and screenwriter had a darker, more satirical vision.
Several entire sequences were deleted from the theatrical release to reduce the violence and darker tone of the film. For example, a scene where Rico kills news reporter Hammond and his wife was originally longer and bloodier because it showed them getting hit by bullets in slow-motion. Likewise the ABC Warrior robot was to kill Judge Griffin by ripping his arms and legs off but this was also changed. Cannon wanted more violence (because it was in keeping with the comic's source material) but the studio and Stallone wanted a PG-13 movie with more focus on humour. Even the film's climax was deleted, scenes showing Dredd fighting and killing clone Judges was removed prior to the theatrical release. Some promotional stills were published in Judge Dredd Megazine showing Dredd shooting one of the clones.
The film is considered to be a flop, as it grossed only $34.7 million in North American domestic box office receipts. It did better internationally, with over $78.8 million around the world, reaching a total of $113.5 million worldwide on a $90 million budget. 
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 20% based on reviews from 54 critics, with an average rating of 3.77/10; the site's critical consensus is "Judge Dredd wants to be both a legitimate violent action flick and a parody of one but director Danny Cannon fails to find the necessary balance to make it work." Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B" on an A+ to F scale.
Gene Siskel named Judge Dredd one of the worst motion pictures of 1995 as part of his 'Worst of 1995' review on Siskel and Ebert. Roger Ebert, in his review for the Chicago Sun-Times, gave the film 2 out of 4 and wrote: "Stallone survives it, but his supporting cast, also including an uninvolved Joan Chen and a tremendously intense Jurgen Prochnow, isn't well used." Todd McCarthy of Variety called it "A thunderous, unoriginal futuristic hardware show for teenage boys." Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly gave it a grade of C+ and wrote: "The movie, by the end, practically seems intent on destroying itself." Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader gave a negative review: "Directed without inspiration by Danny Cannon from a stupid script by Michael De Luca, William Wisher, and Steven de Souza." Caryn James of the New York Times wrote: "Although it is full of noise and fake firepower, Dredd simply lies there on the screen until the final scenes." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film 1 out of 4, and wrote: "Usually engaging and sympathetic, Stallone is blank and tongue-tied here, an immovable slab in the midst of 95 minutes of gunfire, explosions and Gothic excess." Rita Kempley of the Washington Post wrote: "Aside from the affable Schneider and the able Lane, the cast seems to be in deep shock. Um, make that Dredd lock." James Berardinelli of ReelViews wrote: "Sometimes, it's rather amusing, but it's impossible to decide whether this is accidental or on purpose."
In a 2017 retrospective review Richard Trenholm from CNET wrote that the film "drew more more shrewdly on the comic's abundant history than the 2012 version" and "absolutely nailed the look of Mega City One". Trenholm noted that "sets, costumes and vehicles were fantastic", while "looming ABC warrior and grotesque Angel Gang" were "both triumphs of pre-CGI physical effects". In 2020, on the 25th Anniversary of the film, Drew Dietsch of Giant Freakin Robot praised the surface elements of the film "As a piece of pure production, [Judge Dredd] needs to be heralded as one of the best achievements of the '90s. Everything about the film's texture is a resounding success."
In 2008 Stallone discussed his feelings about the film in an issue of Uncut magazine:
I loved that property when I read it, because it took a genre that I love, what you could term the 'action morality film' and made it a bit more sophisticated. It had political overtones. It showed how if we don't curb the way we run our judicial system, the police may end up running our lives. It dealt with archaic governments; it dealt with cloning and all kinds of things that could happen in the future. It was also bigger than any film I've done in its physical stature and the way it was designed. All the people were dwarfed by the system and the architecture; it shows how insignificant human beings could be in the future. There's a lot of action in the movie and some great acting, too. It just wasn't balls to the wall. But I do look back on Judge Dredd as a real missed opportunity. It seemed that lots of fans had a problem with Dredd removing his helmet, because he never does in the comic books. But for me it is more about wasting such great potential there was in that idea; just think of all the opportunities there were to do interesting stuff with the Cursed Earth scenes. It didn't live up to what it could have been. It probably should have been much more comic, really humorous, and fun. What I learned out of that experience was that we shouldn't have tried to make it Hamlet; it's more Hamlet and Eggs.
He later elaborated:
From what I recall, the whole project was troubled from the beginning. The philosophy of the film was not set in stone – by that I mean "Is this going to be a serious drama or with comic overtones" like other science fiction films that were successful? So a lotta pieces just didn't fit smoothly. It was sort of like a feathered fish. Some of the design work on it was fantastic and the sets were incredibly real, even standing two feet away, but there was just no communication. I knew we were in for a long shoot when, for no explainable reason Danny Cannon, who's rather diminutive, jumped down from his director's chair and yelled to everyone within earshot, "FEAR me! Everyone should FEAR me!" then jumped back up to his chair as if nothing happened. The British crew was taking bets on his life expectancy.
John Wagner, the creator of the comic character on which the film was based, said when interviewed by Empire in 2012: "the story had nothing to do with Judge Dredd, and Judge Dredd wasn't really Judge Dredd." Wagner said it was a pity the way the film turned out, since the production values were great, and they had the budget for it. In an interview with Total Film magazine, he said the film had "told the wrong story" because it "tried to do too much".
At the 22nd Saturn Awards the film received nominations in four categories (Best Science Fiction Film, Best Special Effects, Best Costume and Best Make-up). Stallone received a Worst Actor nomination for his role as Judge Dredd at the 1995 Golden Raspberry Awards. At the 1995 Stinkers Bad Movie Awards, he won Worst Actor for his performance in the film and Assassins.
Novelizations and graphic novel
Two novels and a graphic novel were based on the movie:
- Judge Dredd by Neal Barrett, Jr. (June 1995, 250 pages, St Martins, ISBN 0-312-95628-2)
- Judge Dredd: The Junior Novelisation by Graham Marks (May 1995, 142 pages, Boxtree, ISBN 0-7522-0671-0)
- Judge Dredd: Official Movie Adaptation by Andrew Helfer and Carlos Ezquerra (June 1995, 64 pages, DC Comics, ISBN 1-56389-245-6)
- "Stallone Deals Dredded Justice on the Big Screen". GamePro. IDG (82): 26. July 1995.
- "Judge Dredd (15)". British Board of Film Classification. June 26, 1995. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "Judge Dredd (1995) - Financial Information". The Numbers (website). Retrieved August 14, 2020.
- "Judge Dredd (1995)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. August 8, 1995. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
- "The Top 100 Worst Sci-Fi Action Movies of All Time". Flickchart. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- Mike Thompson (August 9, 2010). "Sylvester Stallone: All Films Considered". Metacritic. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- David Hughes (October 31, 2012). Comic Book Movies - Virgin Film. ISBN 9781448132799. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- Goellner, Caleb (August 10, 2012). "Parting Shot: Versace Rejected Judge Dredd Costumes Party Like It's 1995". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on August 30, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- James, Caryn (June 30, 1995). "FILM REVIEW; Sylvester Stallone, Judge. Uh-Oh". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 17, 2009.
- Archerd, Army (September 20, 1994). "'Dredd' shoot 'em up in Blighty". Variety.
- Roger Feigelson. "Intrada Announces Alan Silvestri's Judge Dredd". Intrada.net. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Judge Dredd (2CD)". Store.intrada.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- Mike Cecchini (December 20, 2013). "Steven E. de Souza Talks Commando 2, Sgt. Rock, the Flash Gordon Movie You May Never See, and Much More!". Den of Geek]. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- "What was missing from the Judge Dredd film (1995)". Forums.2000adonline.com. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- "Judge Dredd". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- "JUDGE DREDD (1995) B". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on February 6, 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (1995). "Judge Dredd movie review & film summary (1995)". Chicago Sun-Times.
- McCarthy, Todd (June 30, 1995). "Judge Dredd". Variety.
- Owen Gleiberman (July 14, 1995). "Judge Dredd". Entertainment Weekly.
- Rosenbaum, Jonathan (1995). "Judge Dredd". Chicago Reader.
- LaSalle, Mick (June 30, 1995). "FILM REVIEW -- Stallone Is the 'Judge' -- But There's No Justice". SFGate.
- Peter Rainer (June 30, 1995). "MOVIE REVIEWS : 'Judge Dredd': A Cyberspace Dirty Harry". Los Angeles Times.
- Rita Kempley (June 30, 1995). "Judge Dredd (R)". Washington Post.
- Berardinelli, James (1995). "Judge Dredd". Reelviews Movie Reviews.
- Richard Trenholm (May 11, 2017). "What Stallone's 'Judge Dredd' got right -- and 'Dredd' got wrong". CNET. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
- "Judge Dredd: Why The Big Budget Failure Deserves A Second Look". Giant Freakin Robot. June 11, 2020.
- Sylvester Stallone interviewed in Uncut #131 (April 2008), p.118
- Harry Knowles (headgeek) (December 16, 2006). "Stallone answers December 9th & 10th Questions in a double round - plus Harry's Seen Rocky Balboa". Aintitcool.com. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
- Owen Williams (October 18, 2012). "Exclusive: John Wagner And Alex Garland Talk Dredd". Empire (film magazine). Archived from the original on October 18, 2012.
- Talk Comix. Interview With John Wagner at Glasgow Con 2012. YouTube. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- George Wales (January 20, 2012). "Judge Dredd creator talks new film | GamesRadar". Totalfilm.com. Retrieved February 26, 2020.
Perhaps that was one of the failings of the first film. They tried to do too much and ended up with not a lot.
- "15 Things You Didn't Know About The Disastrous Judge Dredd". Screen Rant. December 31, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
- Wilson, John (2007). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywoods Worst. Hachette UK. p. 50. ISBN 9780446510080.
- "The Stinkers 1995 Ballot". Stinkers Bad Movie Awards. Archived from the original on July 11, 2000.
- "The 2000AD Links Project - collector zone". September 27, 2011. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- "Judge Dredd (Judge Dredd) by Neal Barrett Jr". Fantasticfiction.co.uk. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- The Making of Judge Dredd (by Jane Killick, David Chute, and Charles M. Lippincott, 192 pages, Hyperion Books, 1995, ISBN 0-7868-8106-2)
- Knowing Audiences: "Judge Dredd" - Its Friends, Fan and Foes (by Martin Barker and Kate Brooks, 256 pages, University of Luton Press, 1998, ISBN 1-86020-549-6)
- The Art of Judge Dredd the Movie (by David Chute, 160 pages, Boxtree, 1995, ISBN 0-7522-0666-4)
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