Judith Lauand

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Judith Lauand
Born (1922-05-26) May 26, 1922 (age 96)
Pontal, São Paulo, Brazil
Nationality Brazilian
Other names Damo do Concretismo
First Lady of Concretism
Occupation Painter
Printmaker
Years active 1954-present

Judith Lauand (born May 26, 1922) is a Brazilian painter and printmaker.[1][2] She is considered a pioneer of the Brazilian modernist movement that started in the 1950s, and was the only female member of the concrete art movement based in São Paulo, the Grupo Ruptura.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Lauand was born in Pontal, São Paulo, Brazil.

In the mid-1950s, Lauand graduated from the Escola de Belas Artes in Araraquara, São Paulo in Brazil with a degree in fine arts.[5] While at Escola de Belas Artes, Lauand's education was based in traditional fine arts. Domênico Lazzarini and Maria Ybarra de Almeida taught her painting and Lívio Abramo taught her printmaking.[3]:380[6]

Career[edit]

After graduating from college, Lauand worked as a teacher in Araraquara and produced artwork on the side, which at that time was in the style of expressionist figurative paintings.[5]

In 1953, Lauand moved to São Paulo.[5] In 1954, she worked as a gallery monitor at the São Paulo Art Biennial, which led to her connecting with fellow artists who were part of the concrete art movement, Grupo Ruptura: Anatol Władysław, Geraldo de Barros, Leopoldo Haar, Lothar Charoux, Luís Sacilotto, Kazmer Féjer, and Waldemar Cordeiro. Lauand soon joined the group, becoming their only female member.[7][8]

Lauand work is rooted in the abstract art from the 1950s, with a movement in 1954 to a more rigid and analytical approach. Starting in the 1960s, Lauland began incorporating non-traditional materials like paper clips and other items into her pieces, making the surfaces uneven and creating different effects.[3]

Lauand was the only artist among her contemporaries who signed her paintings, and signed on the front of the painting. This was seen as a more traditional approach, and was a rejection of the theoretical aesthetic of what other artists were doing.[9]

Lauand works across many different mediums. As a painter, she creates works using acrylic, enamel, oil, and tempera paints, incorporating gouaches and/or collages. Lauand's output also takes the form of embroidery, sculptures, woodcuts, and tapestries.[10]

Selected exhibitions[edit]

Group exhibitions
  • 1956: "Exposicão Nacional de Arte Concreta." Museu de Arte Moderna (São Paulo)
  • 1960: "Konkrete Kunst." 50 Jahre Entwicklung, Helmhaus (Zurich) [traveling exhibition]
  • 1965: VIII Bienal Internacional de Arte de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1967: IX Bienal Internacional de Arte de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1969: X Bienal Internacional de Arte de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1977: "Projeto construtivo brasileiro na arte. 1950–1962." Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro); Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo (São Paulo)[11]
  • 1984: "Tradição e ruptura." Sãntese de arte e cultura brasileras, Fundação Bienal de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1994: Bienal Brasil Século XX (São Paulo) [traveling exhibition]
  • 1997: I Bienal de Artes Visuais do Mercosul (Porto Alegre)
  • 2003: "Cuasi-corpus. Arte concreto y neoconcreto de Brasil." Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Internacional Ruãno Tamayo (Mexico City); Museo de Arte Contemporáneo (Monterrey)
  • 2006: "The Sites of Latin American Abstraction." Cisneros Fontanals Art Foundation (Miami, Florida) [traveling exhibition]
  • 2007: "The Geometry of Hope. Latin American Abstract Art from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection." Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin (Austin, Texas); Grey Art Gallery, New York University (New York)[12]
  • 2007: "Desenho construtivista brasileiro." Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro)
  • 2009: "Geometric Abstract Works. The Latin American Vision from the 1950s, 60s and 70s." Henrique Faria Fine Art (New York)
  • 2010: "Then & Now. Abstraction in Latin American Art from 1950 to Present." 60 Wall Gallery, Deutsche Bank (New York)
  • 2010: "Vibración. Moderne Kunst aus Lateinamerika." The Ella Fontanals-Cisneros Collection, Bundeskunsthalle (Bonn)
  • 2017–2018: "Making Art Concrete: Works from Argentina and Brazil in the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros." Getty Center (Los Angeles, California) (August 29, 2017 – February 11, 2018)[9]
Solo exhibitions
  • 1954: Galeria Ambiente (São Paulo)
  • 1965: Galeria Novas Tendências (São Paulo)
  • 1977: Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1984: "Geometria 84." Paulo Figueiredo Galeria de Arte (São Paulo)
  • 1992: "Efemérides." Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo)
  • 1996: "Obras de 1954–1960." Galeria Sylvio Nery (São Paulo) [catalogue]
  • 2007: "50 anos de pintura." Galeria Berenice Arvani (São Paulo)[13]
  • 2008: "65 anos arte." Galeria Berenice Arvani (São Paulo); Secretaria de Cultura, Araraquara (São Paulo)
  • 2011: "Judith Lauand: Experiências." Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo – 20 Jan-03 Apr, 2011[10]
  • 2013: "Judith Lauand: The 1950s." Stephen Friedman Gallery (London)[14][15]
  • 2014-2015: "Judith Lauand: Brazilian Modernist, 1950s-2000s," Driscoll Babcock Galleries (New York, NY)[16] – October 23, 2014 – January 10, 2015
  • 2017: "Judith Lauand: Brazilian Concrete Abstractions," Driscoll Babcock Galleries (New York, NY)[17] – June 15–July 28, 2017

Selected works[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

  • 1945: 9th Salão de Belas Artes de Araraquara, Prêmio Estímulo de Desenho
  • 1952: 15th Salão de Belas Artes de Araraquara, Primeiro Lugar
  • 1953: 16th Salão de Belas Artes de Araraquara, Prêmio Cidade de Araraquara
  • 1954: 3rd Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, Grande Medalha de Bronze
  • 1955: 4th Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, Pequena Medalha de Prata
  • 1958: 7th Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, Prêmio Aquisição
  • 1959: 8th Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, Prêmio Aquisição
  • 1964: 13th Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, Prêmio Aquisição

Works and publications[edit]

  • Lauand, Judith; Herkenhoff, Paulo (essay by); Nery da Fonseca, Sylvio (1996). Judith Lauand, obras de 1954-1960 (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Sylvio Nery da Fonseca, Escritória de Arte. OCLC 68738608.  – de 19 de novembro (terça-feira) a 17 de dezembro de 1996
  • Lauand, Judith; Arvani, Berenice (coordenação); Fioravanti, Celso (curadoria e texto) (2007). Judith Lauand: 50 anos de pintura (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese and English). São Paulo: Galeria Berenice Arvani. OCLC 427897490.  – Catalog of an exhibition held Aug. 2-Sept. 10, 2007 at the Galeria Berenice Arvani in São Paulo, Brazil
  • Lauand, Judith; Klein, Antônio Paulo (curadoria) (2008). Judith Lauand: 65 anos arte: Xilogravuras (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Galeria Berenice Arvani. OCLC 965763237.  – Catalog of an exhibition held November 4-December 12, 2008 at Prefeitura Municipal de Araraquara; and December 2, 2008 – January 16, 2009 at Galeria Berenice Arvani, São Paulo
  • Lauand, Judith; Fioravanti, Celso (curadoria); Villela, Milú (2011). Judith Lauand: Experiências (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese and English). São Paulo: Museu de Arte Moderna. ISBN 978-8-586-87150-4. OCLC 716123474.  – Catalog of an exhibition held at Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo, Jan. 21-Apr. 3, 2011
  • Lauand, Judith; Fioravante, Celso (essay by) (2013). Judith Lauand: The 1950s (Exhibition catalog) (in English and Portuguese). London: Stephen Friedman Gallery. OCLC 879310062.  – Catalog of an exhibition held February 8-March 9, 2013 in London
  • Lauand, Judith; Edelman, Aliza (essay by); Driscoll, John (introduction by) (2014). Judith Lauand: Brazilian Modernist, 1950s-2000s (Exhibition catalog). New York: Driscoll Babcock Galleries. ISBN 978-0-989-80623-7. OCLC 894358338.  – Catalog of an exhibition held at Driscoll Babcock Galleries from October 23-December 20, 2014
  • Lauand, Judith (2015). Os anos 50 Judith Lauand e a construção da geometria (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese). São Paolo: Instituto de Arte Contemporânea. 
  • Lauand, Judith; Edelman, Aliza (essay by) (2017). Judith Lauand: Brazilian Concrete Abstractions (Exhibition catalog). New York: Driscoll Babcock Galleries. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ McEwen, Abby (27 May 2015). "Judith Lauand (Brazilian b. 1922), Composition on Red Background". Christie's. 
  2. ^ "Judith Lauand". The New Yorker. 24 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Suárez, Osbel (exhibition concept and guest curator); García, María Amalia; Agnew, Michael (translations) (2011). Witschey, Erica; Fundación Juan March, eds. Cold America: Geometric Abstraction in Latin América (1934–1973) (Exhibition catalog). Madrid: Fundación Juan March. ISBN 978-84-7075-588-0. OCLC 707460289.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator)
  4. ^ Laluyan, Oscar (28 October 2014). "The Perpetual Modernity of Judith Lauand". Arte Fuse. 
  5. ^ a b c Pérez-Barreiro, Gabriel (exhibition curator); Locke, Adrian (exhibition curator); Lea, Sarah (exhibition curator); García, María Amalia; Whitelegg, Isobel (2014). Radical Geometry: Modern Art of South America from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection. London: Royal Academy of Arts. ISBN 978-1-907-53369-3. OCLC 889949567.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator)
  6. ^ Jiménez, Ariel; Kalenberg, Ángel (2003). GEO-METRÍAS. Abstracción Geométrica Latinoamericana en la Colección Cisneros (MNAV) (Exhibition catalog) (in Spanish). Caracas: Fundación Cisneros. ISBN 978-9-806-45413-2. OCLC 750573858.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator)
  7. ^ Menard, Kate (25 July 2017). "Judith Lauand: Brazilian Concrete Abstractions at Driscoll Babcock Galleries". Arte Fuse. 
  8. ^ "Judith Lauand: Biografia". Arte do Séculos XX/XXI: Visitando o MAC na web. Módulo III: Abstracionismo e Internacionalização das Artes Anos 50, Ruptura (in Portugeuse). Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo (MAP USP). 
  9. ^ a b Gottschaller, Pia; Le Blanc, Aleca (2017). Gottschaller, Pia; Le Blanc, Aleca; Gilbert, Zanna; Learner, Tom; Perchuk, Andrew, eds. Making Art Concrete: Works from Argentina and Brazil in the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros (Exhibition catalog). Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute and Getty Research Institute / Getty Publications. ISBN 978-1-606-06529-7. OCLC 982373712.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator)
  10. ^ a b "Judith Lauand: Experiências". Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo (in Portuguese). 20 January 2011. 
  11. ^ Amaral, Aracy A. (supervisão, coordenação geral e pesquisa); Ayerbe, Júlia Souza; Teixeira de Barros, Regina; Vieira, Luiz (2015). Projeto construtivo brasileiro na arte (1950-1962) (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese). São Paulo: Pinacoteca do Estado, Governo do Estado São Paulo, Secretaria da Cultura. ISBN 978-8-582-56051-8. OCLC 922639870. 
  12. ^ Pérez-Barreiro, Gabriel, ed. (2007). The Geometry of Hope (Exhibition catalog) (in English and Spanish). Austin: Blanton Museum of Art, University of Texas at Austin. ISBN 978-0-977-14536-2. OCLC 497031205.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator)
  13. ^ Lauand, Judith; Arvani, Berenice (coordenação); Fioravanti, Celso (curadoria e texto) (2007). Judith Lauand: 50 anos de pintura (Exhibition catalog) (in Portuguese and English). São Paulo: Galeria Berenice Arvani. OCLC 427897490. 
  14. ^ "Judith Lauand: The 1950s" (Press release). Stephen Friedman Gallery. 8 February 2013. 
  15. ^ Williams, Emyr (20 February 2013). "Judith Lauand". Abstract Critical. 
  16. ^ Schwab, Tess (October 2014). "Judith Lauand: Brazilian Modernist, 1950s–2000s" (Press release). Driscoll Babcock Galleries. 
  17. ^ Deatly-Peluso, Kate (June 2017). "Judith Lauand: Brazilian Concrete Abstractions" (Press release). Driscoll Babcock Galleries. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Bois, Yve-Alain (2001). Geometric Abstraction: Latin American Art from the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Collection = Abstracción Geométrica: Arte Latinoamericano en la Coloección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros (Exhibition catalog) (in English and Spanish). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-08990-5. OCLC 298342818.  Wikidata page Wikidata (View with Reasonator) – Exhibition at the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, MA, 3 March-4 November 2001
  • O'Hare, Mary Kate; Bearor, Karen A. (2010). "The Masquerade of Geometry: Identity and Abstraction in the Americas by Aliza Edelman". onstructive Spirit: Abstract Art in South and North America, 1920s-50s (Exhibition catalog). Newark, NJ: Newark Museum. ISBN 978-0-764-95274-6. OCLC 434438178.  – Published on the occasion of an exhibition held at the Newark Museum, Newark, N.J., Feb. 17-May 23, 2010 and at the Amon Carter Museum, Fort Worth, Tex., June 26-Sept. 5, 2010
  • "Judith Lauand, 2011" (Video). Enciclopédia Itaú Cultural (in Portuguese). 2011. 

External links[edit]