Judith of Habsburg
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|Judith of Habsburg|
|Queen consort of Bohemia|
|Queen consort of Poland|
|Born||13 March 1271|
|Died||21 May 1297
|Burial||Royal Crypt in St. Vitus Cathedral|
|Spouse||Wenceslaus II of Bohemia|
|Father||Rudolph I of Germany|
|Mother||Gertrude of Hohenburg|
When Judith was five, she became the object of her father's political plans. Her father signed the Vienna peace treaty with Premysl Otakar II of Bohemia, and they decided that Judith should marry Wenceslaus II, son and heir of Premysl Otakar II.
The formal marriage (engagement) was in 1279 in Jihlava, the second marriage took place in early 1285 in Cheb, and the bride was given a dowry "from the Duchy of Austria, Moravian border to the border of Danube". The wedding in Cheb was followed by a "festive" wedding night, but soon after, Rudolph took Judith back to Germany, since she was still of a young age.
Wenceslaus II's coronation had to be canceled because Judith was not present. She did eventually leave her family in Germany and came to Prague to be with her husband. Like her father, Judith hated Zavis, Lord of Falkenstein, stepfather of her husband. He had acted as regent with the Dowager Queen, Kunigunda of Slavonia, whom he secretly married. Judith helped bring Zavis to trial and he was eventually executed in 1290, five years after the death of Queen Kunigunda.
Judith tried to reconcile her husband and Albert I of Germany, her brother. She also brought German influences to the Prague court, like the introduction of knights at court. She made Prague a cultural centre.
Judith and her husband Wenceslaus II were crowned Queen and King of Bohemia in 1297. Judith was not in good health during the time of the coronation having just given birth to her tenth child. She died weeks later.
Judith died 21 May 1297 in Prague, aged only twenty six. She was having constant pregnancies over the twelve years of marriage, almost one child per year. Worn out by childbirth, Judith died weeks after giving birth to her youngest child and namesake, Judith.
All of the Habsburg rulers of Bohemia from 1526 onward were descended from Judith through her daughter Elizabeth.
Wenceslaus II and Judith had ten children:
- Přemysl Otakar (6 May 1288 – 19 November 1288).
- Wenceslaus III (6 October 1289 – 4 August 1306); King of Bohemia, King of Hungary and King of Poland.
- Agnes (6 October 1289 – after 1292 before 1306), twin of Wenceslaus III, betrothed to Rupert, son of Adolf, King of Germany but died young.
- Anna (10 October 1290 – 3 September 1313), married in 1306 to Henry of Carinthia.
- Elisabeth (20 January 1292 – 28 September 1330), married in 1310 to John I of Bohemia.
- Judith (3 March 1293 – 3 August 1294).
- John (26 February 1294 – 1 March 1295).
- John (21 February 1295 – 6 December 1296).
- Margareta (21 February 1296 – 8 April 1322), married to Bolesław III the Generous, Duke of Wrocław.
- Judith (born and died 21 May 1297).
Of the ten children only four lived to adulthood.
Judith is also an ancestor of Anne of Denmark, who married James I of England. Among Anne's children were Charles I of England and Elizabeth of Bohemia; Elizabeth is one of Judith's successors as Queen of Bohemia.
|Ancestors of Judith of Habsburg|
- "Bella gerant alii" Laodamia's Sisters, Habsburg Brides: Leaving Home for the Sake of the House, Joseph F. Patrouch, Early Modern Habsburg Women: Transnational Contexts, Cultural Conflicts, Dynastic Continuities, ed. Anne J. Cruz, Maria Galli Stampino, (Routledge, 2013), 30.
- Women in power, scroll down to 1287-97 Politically Influential Queen Guta von Habsburg of Bohemia (Czech Republic)
- Translation from Czech Wikipedia with further sources
- Guta Habsburg, Index of Persons, Translation from Czech
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Judith of Habsburg.|
Judith of HabsburgBorn: 13 March 1271 Died: 21 May 1297
Kunigunda of Slavonia
|Queen consort of Bohemia
Elisabeth Richeza of Poland
Margaret of Brandenburg
|Queen consort of Poland