Judith of Schweinfurt
|Judith of Schweinfurt|
|Died||2 August 1058|
|Title||Duchess of Bohemia|
|Spouse(s)||Bretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia|
|Children||Vratislaus II of Bohemia
Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia
Conrad I, Duke of Bohemia
Otto I of Olomouc
|Parent(s)||Henry of Schweinfurt
Bretislaus and Jitka
The House of Přemysl wished to confirm its good relationship with the Babenbergs through a marriage to Judith in 1020. Judith was a desirable bride, but Oldřich of Bohemia had only one son, Bretislaus, and he was of illegitimate birth, thus complicating the prospect of a marriage with the high-born Judith. Bretislaus solved the problem by kidnapping Judith from a monastery in Schweinfurt, although he was never punished for the crime. He married Judith some time later. Their first son Spytihněv was born after almost ten years, which led to the hypothesis that the kidnapping happened in 1029, although Judith may have given birth to daughters before her first son.
Exile in Hungary
After Bretislaus died in 1055, Judith may have been sent by Spytihněv out of Bohemia, like other Germans, and moved to Hungary. In Hungary she may have married the former king Peter Urseolo of Hungary, who had been deposed in 1046.
Judith died in 1058 and was buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague.
- Herwig Wolfram, Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms, transl. Denise A. Kaiser, (The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2006), 226.
- KRZEMIENSKA, B. Břetislav I. - Čechy a střední Evropa v prvé polovině XI. století. Praha : Garamond, 1999.
- ŽEMLIČKA, J. Čechy v době knížecí 1044–1198. Praha : NLN, 2002. 660 s. ISBN 80-7106-196-4.
Judith of SchweinfurtBorn: c. 1003 Died: 2 August 1058
confirmed: Emma of Mělník
|Duchess consort of Bohemia
Ida of Wettin