List of judo techniques

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This is a list of judo techniques. They are categorized into throwing techniques (nage-waza), grappling techniques (katame-waza), body-striking techniques (atemi-waza), blocks and parries (uke-waza), receiving/breakfall techniques (ukemi), and resuscitation techniques (kappo).

Nage-waza (投げ技): throwing techniques[edit]

Judo Nage-waza

Te-waza (手技): hand throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Ippon seoinage (一本背負投): Single-handed back throw
  2. Kata guruma (肩車): Shoulder wheel
  3. Kibisu gaeshi (踵返): One-hand reversal
  4. Morote gari (双手刈): Two-hand reap
  5. Obi otoshi (帯落): Belt drop
  6. Seoi nage (背負投): Back throw
  7. Seoi otoshi (背負落): Back drop
  8. Sukui nage (掬投): Scoop throw
  9. Sumi otoshi (隅落): Corner drop
  10. Tai otoshi (体落): Body drop
  11. Uchi mata sukashi (内股透): Inner thigh void throw
  12. Uki otoshi (浮落): Floating drop
  13. Yama arashi (山嵐): Mountain storm
  14. Kouchi gaeshi (小内返): Small inner reap reversal
  15. Kuchiki taoshi (朽木倒): Single leg takedown
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Te Guruma (手車): Hand wheel. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Sukui nage.

Koshi-waza (腰技): hip throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Daki age (抱上): Hugging high lift. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Hane goshi (跳腰): Spring hip throw
  3. Harai goshi (払腰): Sweeping hip throw
  4. Koshi guruma (腰車): Hip wheel
  5. O goshi (大腰): Full hip throw
  6. Sode tsurikomi goshi (袖釣込腰): Sleeve lifting and pulling hip throw
  7. Tsuri goshi (釣腰): Lifting hip throw
  8. Tsurikomi goshi (釣込腰): Lifting and pulling hip throw
  9. Uki goshi (浮腰): Floating half-hip throw
  10. Ushiro goshi (後腰): Rear throw
  11. Utsuri goshi (移腰): Hip shift
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tobi goshi (飛腰): Flying/surfing hip throw
  2. Ushiro Guruma(後車): Rear wheel

Ashi-waza (足技): foot throwing techniques[edit]

  1. Ashi guruma (足車): Leg wheel
  2. De Ashi Harai (出足払): Advanced foot sweep
  3. Hane goshi gaeshi (跳腰返): Hip spring counter
  4. Harai goshi gaeshi (払腰返): Hip sweep counter
  5. Harai tsurikomi ashi (払釣込足): Lift-pull foot sweep
  6. Hiza guruma (膝車): Knee wheel
  7. Kosoto gake (小外掛): Small outer hook
  8. Kosoto gari (小外刈): Small outer reap
  9. Kouchi gari (小内刈): Small inner reap
  10. O guruma (大車): Large wheel
  11. Okuri Ashi Harai (送足払): Sliding foot sweep
  12. Osoto gaeshi (大外返): Big outer reap counter
  13. Osoto gari (大外刈): Big outer reap
  14. Osoto guruma (大外車): Big outer wheel
  15. Osoto otoshi (大外落): Big outer drop
  16. Ouchi gaeshi (大内返): Big inner reap counter
  17. Ouchi gari (大内刈): Big inner reap
  18. Sasae tsurikomi ashi (支釣込足): Propping and drawing ankle throw
  19. Tsubame gaeshi (燕返): Swallow counter
  20. Uchi mata (内股): Inner-thigh
  21. Uchi mata gaeshi (内股返): Inner-thigh counter

Sutemi-waza(捨身技): sacrifice techniques[edit]

Ma-sutemi waza (真捨身技): Rear sacrifice projections[edit]

  1. Hikikomi gaeshi (引込返): Pulling in reversal
  2. Sumi gaeshi (隅返): Corner reversal
  3. Tawara gaeshi (俵返): Rice bag reversal throw
  4. Tomoe nage (巴投): Circle throw
  5. Ura nage (裏投): Rear throw

Yoko-sutemi waza (橫捨身技): side sacrifice projections[edit]

  1. Daki wakare (抱分): High separation
  2. Hane makikomi (跳巻込): Springing wraparound
  3. Harai makikomi (払巻込): Hip sweep wraparound
  4. Kani basami (蟹挟): Crab or scissors throw. (Forbidden in competition.)
  5. Kawazu gake (河津掛): One-leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  6. Osoto makikomi (大外巻込): Big outer wraparound
  7. Soto makikomi (外巻込): Outer wraparound
  8. Tani otoshi (谷落): Valley drop
  9. Uchi makikomi (内巻込): Inner wraparound
  10. Uchi mata makikomi (内股巻込): Inner thigh wraparound
  11. Uki waza (浮技): Floating technique
  12. Yoko gake (横掛): Side prop
  13. Yoko guruma (横車): Side wheel
  14. Yoko otoshi (横落): Side drop
  15. Yoko wakare (横分): Side separation
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Tama guruma (球車):Jade wheel. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Kata guruma.
  2. Ude gaeshi (腕返): Arm reversal. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Yoko wakare.
  3. Yoko Tomoe Nage (横巴投): Side circle throw. The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Tomoe nage.
  4. Kubi Nage Neck throw. The Kodokan officially also refers to this thechnique as Koshi guruma.

Katame-waza (固技): grappling techniques[edit]

Osaekomi-waza (抑込技): pins or matholds[edit]

  1. Kesa-gatame (袈裟固): Scarf hold
  2. Kuzure-kesa-gatame (崩袈裟固): Broken scarf hold
  3. Ushiro-kesa-gatame (後袈裟固): Reverse Scarf Hold. The Kodokan officially also referred to this technique as kuzure-kesa-gatame until 2017.[1][2]
  4. Kata-gatame (肩固): Shoulder hold
  5. Kami-shiho-gatame (上四方固): Upper four quarter hold down
  6. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame (崩上四方固): Broken upper four quarter hold down
  7. Tate-shiho-gatame (縦四方固): Vertical four quarter hold
  8. Yoko-shiho-gatame (横四方固): Side four quarter hold
  9. Ura-gatame (裹固) (1/1/2014 this is now recognized as a valid competition technique)
  10. Uki-gatame (浮固): Floating hold
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Ura-kesa-gatame (裹袈裟固): The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Kuzure-kesa-gatame.
  2. Sangaku-Gatame : Triangular Hold (三角固): The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame.

Shime-waza (絞技): chokes or strangles[edit]

  1. Do-jime (胴絞): Trunk strangle. Do-jime is a prohibited technique in Judo,[1] and is considered a 'slight infringement' according to IJF rules, Section 27: Prohibited acts and penalties, article 21[3]
  2. Gyaku Jūji-jime (逆十字絞): Reverse cross strangle
  3. Nami-juji-jime (並十字絞): Normal cross strangle
  4. Kata-juji-jime (片十字絞): Half cross strangle
  5. Hadaka-jime (裸絞): Naked strangle
  6. Kata-ha-jime (片羽絞): Single wing strangle
  7. Kata-te-jime (片手絞): One-hand strangle
  8. Okuri-eri-jime (送襟絞): Sliding lapel strangle
  9. Ryo-te-jime (両手絞): Two-hand strangle
  10. Sankaku-jime (三角絞): Triangular strangle, triangle choke
  11. Sode-guruma-jime (袖車絞): Sleeve wheel strangle (Eziquiel/Ezekiel choke)
  12. Tsukkomi-jime (突込絞): Thrust choke
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Jigoku-jime (地獄絞): Hell strangle[4] The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Okuri-eri-jime.
  2. Koshi-jime: The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Okuri-eri-jime.
  3. Ura-juji-jime (裹十字絞): The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Kata-juji-jime.
  4. Arm triangle choke: The Kodokan officially considers this an osaekomi-waza Kata-gatame.

Kansetsu-waza (関節技): joint locks[edit]

  1. Ashi-garami (足緘): Leg entanglement. (Forbidden in competition.)
  2. Ude-garami (腕緘): Arm entanglement or "figure-four" key lock
  3. Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame (腕挫脚固): Side-lying arm bar
  4. Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame (腕挫腹固): Side-extended arm bar, lower stomach against opponent's elbow.
  5. Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame (腕挫膝固): Knee arm bar.
  6. Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame (腕挫十字固): Back-lying perpendicular arm bar.
  7. Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame (腕挫三角固): Triangular arm bar.
  8. Ude-hishigi-te-gatame (腕挫手固): Hand lock.
  9. Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame (腕挫腕固): Arm lock.
  10. Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame (腕挫腋固): Armpit arm entanglement.
Unrecognized techniques
  1. Ashi-Dori-Garami: Entangled leg dislocation
  2. Hiza-Hishigi: Knee crush
  3. Ashi-hishigi (足挫): Straight ankle lock
  4. Sankaku-garami (三角緘): Triangular entanglement.[5][6][7] The Kodokan officially also refers to this technique as Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame.

Attack patterns[edit]

Opponent on back[edit]

  1. Near knee guard pass
  2. Simple guard pass
  3. Stacking guard pass

On own back[edit]

  1. Elevator Sweep
  2. Push Sweep
  3. Yoko-gaeshi: Side reversal
  4. Hasami-gaeshi: Swissor sweep
  5. Shoulder pin rollover
  6. Ude-kakae

Opponent on all fours[edit]

  1. Daki Wakare
  2. Turtle Flip Over
  3. Ura-gatame (裹固)
  4. Turnover from Koshi-jime
  5. Suso-sukui-nage
  6. Yoko-obi-tori-gaeshi
  7. Obi-tori-sumi-gaeshi
  8. Obi-tori-yoko-mawashi

On all own fours[edit]

  1. Back Mount Escape
  2. Foot lock counter to rear-mounted position
  3. Switch back
  4. Hikouki or Hikoki-Nage: Aeroplane

Extracting own leg[edit]

  1. Niju-garami: Double entanglement
  2. Immobilisation of arm

Atemi-waza (当て身技): body-striking techniques[edit]

Although taught within kata (型 or 形) and sometimes used within informal randori (乱取), striking techniques are forbidden in standard judo competitions rules.

Ude-ate-waza (腕当て技): arm striking techniques[edit]

Kobushi-ate-waza: fist techniques[edit]

  1. Tsukkake or Tsuki-kake: Straight punch
  2. Mae-naname-ate: Front crossing blow
  3. Naname-tsuki or Mawashi-tsuki: Roundhouse punch or circular punch
  4. Tsuki-age or Ago-tsuki: Uppercut
  5. Uchi-oroshi or Uchi-kake: Downward strike or hammer fist [pic]
  6. Yoko-ate: Side strike or backfist
  7. Yoko-uchi: Strike to side
  8. Gammen-tsuki: Thrust punch or jab
  9. Kami-ate or Ue-ate: Upward blow
  10. Shimo-tsuki: Downward blow
  11. Ushiro-sumi-tsuki: Rear corner blow
  12. Ushiro-uchi: Rear blow
  13. Ushiro-tsuki: Rear strike (over shoulders)
  14. Ryote-tsuki: Two hand blow

Hiji-ate-waza: elbow techniques[edit]

  1. Mae-hiji-ate: Elbow blow
  2. Ushiro-hiji-ate: Rear elbow strike [pic]
  3. Age-hiji-ate: Rising elbow strike
  4. Shita-hiji-ate or Oroshi-hiji-ate : Downward elbow strike

Tegatana-ate-waza: knife hand techniques[edit]

  1. Kirioroshi: Downward knife hand cut
  2. Naname-uchi: Slanting knife hand blow [pic] [pic]

Yubisaki-ate-waza: fingertip techniques[edit]

  1. Tsuki-dashi: Hand Thrust
  2. Ryogan-tsuki: Strike both eyes with fingertips
  3. Suri-age: Face slide or forehead thrust [pic] [pic]
  4. Yahazu: Strikes with the V-shape of the hand
  5. Me-tsubushi: Whipping the back of fingers to strike opponent's eyes

Ashi-ate-waza (足当て技): leg striking techniques[edit]

Sekito-ate-waza (蹠頭当): ball of foot techniques[edit]

  1. Mae-keri (前蹴): Front kick [pic]
  2. Mae-naname-keri (前斜蹴): Front crossing kick or oblique kick
  3. Naname-keri (斜蹴) or Mawashi geri: Roundhouse Kick
  4. Taka-keri (高蹴): High front kick

Kakato-ate-waza: heel techniques[edit]

  1. Yoko-geri: Side kick
  2. Ushiro-geri: Backward kick
  3. Ashi-fumi: Foot stomp

Hiza-gashira-ate-waza: knee cap techniques[edit]

  1. Mae-hiza-ate: Front knee
  2. Yoko-hiza-ate: Side knee
  3. Hiza-otoshi: Dropping knee

Atama-ate-waza (頭当て技): head striking techniques[edit]

  1. Mae-atama-ate: Strike with the forehead
  2. Ushiro-atama-ate: Strike with the occiput
  3. Atama-tsuki: Head thrust

Kyusho (急所): vital spots[edit]

  1. Tento (天道/天倒): Top of the head, bregma
  2. Uto (鳥兎) or Miken (眉間): Between the eyes, nation
  3. Kasumi (霞): Temple of the head
  4. Jinchu (人中): Below the nose, philtrum
  5. Zen-keibu (前頸部): Front side of neck with the Adam's apple
  6. Gwanto or Kachikake or Shita-ago (下顎): Point of the chin
  7. Dokko (独鈷): Mastoid process
  8. Suigetsu (水月) or Mizu-ochi (水落): Solar plexus
  9. Denko (電光): Right lowest floating rib
  10. Getsuei (月影): Left lowest floating rib
  11. Myojo (明星): 1-inch below the belly button, hypogastrium
  12. Tsuri-gane (釣鐘) or Kokan (股間): Testicles
  13. Shitsu (膝) or Shita-kansetsu (下関節): Knee
  14. Ashi-no-ko (足の甲): The surface of foot

Uke-waza (受け技): blocks and parries[edit]

  1. Tenkan or Tenkai: Outside turning or body rotation
  2. Age-uke: Rising block [pic]
  3. Harai-uke: Sweeping block
  4. Tegatana-uke: Knife hand block [pic]
  5. Shotei-uke: Palm block
  6. Juji-uke: Cross block
  7. Hiki-uke: Grasping block [pic] [pic]
  8. Morote-uke: Two hand block [pic]

Ukemi (受け身): receiving techniques or breakfall techniques[edit]

  1. Ushiro-ukemi (後ろ受身): Backward breakfall
  2. Yoko-ukemi (横受け身): Sideways breakfall
  3. Mae-ukemi (前受け身): Forward breakfall
  4. Mae-mawari-ukemi (前回り受身) or Zempo-kaiten-ukemi: Forward roll

Kappo (活法): resuscitation techniques[edit]

  1. Sasoi-katsu (誘活): Inductive method
  2. Eri-katsu (襟活): Lapel method
  3. So-katsu (総活): Composite method
  4. Kogan-katsu (睾丸活): Testicle-method

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Kodokan Judo Institute. Kodokan.Org classification of techniques Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. www.kodokan.org. URL last accessed March 4, 2006.
  2. ^ "柔道の技名称について". Kodokan. 2017-04-06. Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  3. ^ International Judo Federation.IJF Referee Rules Archived 2012-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. www.ijf.org. URL last accessed March 5, 2006
  4. ^ Wolfe, David. The David Brent Wolfe Dictionary of Japanese Martial Art Terms Archived 2005-02-11 at the Wayback Machine. pages.prodigy.net. URL last accessed February 11, 2006.
  5. ^ Inokuma, Isao; Sato, Nobuyuki (1987). Best Judo. Kodansha America. ISBN 0-87011-786-6.
  6. ^ United States Judo Association. Exam for all senior Judo ranks. www.uky.edu. URL last accessed February 5, 2006.
  7. ^ Judo-club Hadamar. Judo von A - Z Archived 2005-05-06 at the Wayback Machine. www.judoclubhadamar.de. URL last accessed February 5, 2006. (In German)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]