Judy Gumbo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Judy Gumbo
Judy Gumbo Sisters Strike 1970.jpg
Judy Gumbo on the cover of
the Berkeley Tribe, January 1970
Born
Judy Clavir

June 25, 1943
Toronto, Canada
ResidenceBerkeley, California
Spouse(s)Arthur Eckstein (m. 2017)
David Hemblen (1966-1968)
Stew Albert
(1977-2006, his death)
David Dobkin
(2008-2014, his death)
Websitehttp://yippiegirl.com

Judy Clavir Albert, known as Judy Gumbo, (b. June 25, 1943 in Toronto, Canada) is a Canadian-American activist.[1] She was an original member of the Yippies, the Youth International Party, a 1960s counter culture and satirical anti-war group, along with fellow radicals Anita and Abbie Hoffman, Nancy Kurshan and Jerry Rubin, and husband Stew Albert[2][3] Judy received her nickname, "Gumbo," from Black Panther Party leader Eldridge Cleaver. Cleaver first referred to her as "Mrs. Stew," finding her refusal to use her husband's surname unacceptable. When Judy objected, Cleaver nicknamed her Gumbo, because "Gumbo goes with Stew."[4][5]

Gumbo arrived in Berkeley in the fall of 1967, and became involved with the activist community. She worked at the 60’s underground newspaper, the Berkeley Barb and helped found the offshoot Berkeley Tribe.[6] In Spring of 1968 she joined the Yippies in Chicago to run a Pig named Pigasus for President at the protests during the Democratic National Convention.[7][8] When she wrote a feminist piece for the Barb’s publisher Max Scherr, he made his feelings about women’s liberation clear when he titled it with a double entendre, "Why the Women are Revolting."[9] She helped stage the People’s Park protests in Berkeley after Stew wrote the Barb article that initiated those protests.[10] She continued to advocate for women’s rights through W.I.T.C.H. (Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell), a Yippie guerilla theater feminist group. [11]

Gumbo was put under surveillance by the federal authorities. In 1972, the FBI described her as "the most vicious, the most anti-American, the most anti-establishment, and the most dangerous to the internal security of the United States." [12] In 1975, she discovered that a tracking device had been placed on her car. Her home was broken into and a listening device was installed. It was active for 8 days. As a result, she was part of a lawsuit that successfully challenged warrantless wiretapping. [13]

In 1970, while the war in Vietnam still raged, Judy and two other Yippie women visited the former North Vietnam.[14] In 2013, Judy returned to a unified Vietnam to help celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Paris Peace Accords.[15]

Gumbo married historian Arthur Eckstein in 2017. She and Albert were married from 1977 until his death in 2006. She was married to actor David Hemblen from 1966-1968, and David Dobkin, a co-founder of Berkeley Co-Housing, from 2008 until his death in 2014.[16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Albert, Stewart Edward. "Stew Albert and Judy Gumbo Albert papers1938-2006 1968-2006". Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  2. ^ Whiting, Sam, San Francisco Chronicle, "Lefties Return Home for Barb Reunion," 8/14/15, p. E1 and Hoffman, Anita & Abbie, (1976) To America with Love: Letters From the Underground, Los Angeles, Red Hen Press, p. 139, 167.
  3. ^ Dalzell, Tom (2017-12-18). "Judy Gumbo — Our Yippie Girl at home in Berkeley". Berkeleyside. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  4. ^ J., Rorabaugh, W. (2006). Berkeley at War : the 1960s. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198022527. OCLC 630529049.
  5. ^ Richardson, Peter (2009) A Bomb in Every Issue. New York, The New Press, p. 72. and Rorabaugh, W.J., (1989) Berkeley at War: The 1960s, New York, Oxford University Press, p. 80.
  6. ^ Whiting, Sam, San Francisco Chronicle, "A 50-year anniversary for Berkeley’s radical rag," 8/2/15, p. A14. and Ed. Stewart, Sean, (2011) On the Ground: An Illustrated Anecdotal History of the Sixties Underground Press in the U.S., PM Press, p. 125, 128, 148, 150, 159.
  7. ^ GQ Magazine, "The Mess We Made: An Oral History of the ’68 Convention," August 2008, p. 184.
  8. ^ Thomas, Pat, Did It! From Yippie to Yuppie: Jerry Rubin, An American Revolutionary '2017, Fantagraphic Books, Seattle, WA ISBN 978-1-60699-892-2, pp. 22-23,63-65,98-99
  9. ^ 7 Gumbo, Judy, Berkeley Barb, "Why the Women are Revolting," 5/16/1969, p. 5.
  10. ^ Albert, Stew, Berkeley Barb, "People’s Park: Free for All," Ap 25-May 1, 1969, p. 5.
  11. ^ Morgan, Robin, (1970) Sisterhood is Powerful, p. 538. and GQ Magazine, "The Mess We Made: An Oral History of the ’68 Convention," August 2008, p. 184.
  12. ^ Dalzell, Tom (2017-12-18). "Judy Gumbo — Our Yippie Girl at home in Berkeley". Berkeleyside. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  13. ^ Rosenfeld, Seth (2012) Subversives: The FBI’s War on Student Radicals , and Reagan’s Rise to Power, New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, p. 489
  14. ^ Clinton, James W., The Loyal Opposition, Americans in North Vietnam, 1965-1972, Niwot, CO, The University Press of Colorado, p. 290
  15. ^ Gumbo, Judy, Vietnam Time Travel 1970-2013, in The People Make the Peace: Lessons from the Vietnam Antiwar Movement, ed. Aguilar-San Juan, Karin and Joyce, Frank, Charlottesville, VA, Just World Books, p. 55-68)
  16. ^ Martin, Douglas (2006-02-01). "Stew Albert, 66, Who Used Laughter to Protest a War, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  17. ^ "Judy Gumbo Archives - Summer of Love". Summer of Love. Retrieved 2018-05-08.

External links[edit]