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|History of Japan|
Juei (寿永?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Yōwa and before Genryaku. This period spanned the years from May 1182 through March 1184. The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇?).
Change of era
- 1182 Juei gannen (寿永元年?): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Yōwa 2, on the 27th day of the 5th month of 1182.
Events of the Juei era
- 1182 (Juei 1): The entire country suffers a famine.
- 1183 (Juei 2, 25th day of 7th month): The Heike flee the capital with Emperor Antoku and Three Sacred Treasures.
- 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Antoku-tennō 's reign (安徳天皇25年), the emperor fled the capital rather than give in to pressures for his abdication. In Antoku's absence, the cloistered former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa then elevated his young brother by decree; and the young child was given the acceptance of abdication (juzen) rites. The anti-Taira faction intended that the succession (senso) was received; and shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Toba is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).
- 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of 8th month): Emperor Go-Toba is enthroned without the imperial regalia.
- 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): Go-Toba is proclaimed emperor by the Genji; and consequently, there were two proclaimed emperors, one living in Heian-kyō and another in flight towards the south.
- 1184 (Juei 3', 2nd month): Cloistered Emperor Go-Shirakawa orders letter to be written to the Heike demanding the restoration or return of the imperial regalia.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Juei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 435, p. 435, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 200-207; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 333-334; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 214-215.
- Brown, p. 333.
- Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 785.
- Kitagawa, p. 786.
- Varley, p. 216.
- Titsingh, pp. 206-207; Brown, p. 334; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
- Titsingh, p. 207.
- Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds. (1979). Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Nihon Odai Ichiran; ou, Annales des empereurs du Japon. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691
- Varley, H. Paul. (1980). A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns: Jinnō Shōtōki of Kitabatake Chikafusa. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231049405; OCLC 6042764
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō