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Juei (寿永?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Yōwa and before Genryaku. This period spanned the years from May 1182 through March 1184.[1] The reigning emperors were Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇) and Go-Toba-tennō (後鳥羽天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1182 Juei gannen (寿永元年?): The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Yōwa 2, on the 27th day of the 5th month of 1182.[3]

Events of the Juei era[edit]

  • 1182 (Juei 1): The entire country suffers a famine.[4]
  • 1183 (Juei 2, 25th day of 7th month): The Heike flee the capital with Emperor Antoku and Three Sacred Treasures.[5]
  • 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): In the 3rd year of Antoku-tennō 's reign (安徳天皇25年), the emperor fled the capital rather than give in to pressures for his abdication. In Antoku's absence, the cloistered former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa then elevated his young brother by decree; and the young child was given the acceptance of abdication (juzen) rites.[6] The anti-Taira faction intended that the succession (senso) was received; and shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Toba is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[7]
  • 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of 8th month): Emperor Go-Toba is enthroned without the imperial regalia.[5]
  • 1183 (Juei 2, 20th day of the 8th month): Go-Toba is proclaimed emperor by the Genji; and consequently, there were two proclaimed emperors, one living in Heian-kyō and another in flight towards the south.[8]
  • 1184 (Juei 3', 2nd month): Cloistered Emperor Go-Shirakawa orders letter to be written to the Heike demanding the restoration or return of the imperial regalia.[5]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Juei" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 435, p. 435, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 200-207; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 333-334; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 214-215.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 333.
  4. ^ Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 785.
  5. ^ a b c Kitagawa, p. 786.
  6. ^ Varley, p. 216.
  7. ^ Titsingh, pp. 206-207; Brown, p. 334; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 207.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by