Jugemu (寿限無?) is a Japanese folktale and is one of the most famous stories in rakugo, a form of Japanese spoken entertainment. It has a simple storyline, with the most humorous part being the repetition of a ridiculously long name. It is often used in training sessions for Rakugo entertainers.
In the tale, a couple could not think of a suitable name for their newborn baby boy, and so the father went to the temple and asked the chief priest to think of an auspicious name. The priest suggested several names, beginning with Jugemu. The father could not decide which name he preferred and, therefore, gave the baby all of the names. One day, Jugemu fell into a lake, and his parents barely arrived in time to save him as everyone who had to pass along the news had to spend a lot of time reciting his entire name.
Jugemu's full name is:
- Jugemu Jugemu (寿限無、寿限無?)
- Gokō-no surikire (五劫の擦り切れ?)
- Kaijarisuigyo-no (海砂利水魚の?)
- Suigyōmatsu Unraimatsu Fūraimatsu (水行末 雲来末 風来末?)
- Kuunerutokoro-ni Sumutokoro (食う寝る処に住む処?)
- Yaburakōji-no burakōji (やぶら小路の藪柑子?)
- Paipopaipo Paipo-no-shūringan (パイポパイポ パイポのシューリンガン?)
- Shūringan-no Gūrindai (シューリンガンのグーリンダイ?)
- Gūrindai-no Ponpokopī-no Ponpokonā-no (グーリンダイのポンポコピーのポンポコナーの?)
- Chōkyūmei-no Chōsuke (長久命の長助?)
- Literally "limitless life".
- Go kō no surikire
- Literally "five kō (totaling 20 billion years) of rubbing off (the rock)". In Japanese legend, a heavenly maiden will visit the human world every three thousand years, leaving friction marks on a rock with her dress. It takes five kō or five times 4 billion years to split up the rock with the rubbing. The priest blesses the child to live that long.
- Kaijari suigyo
- Literally "gravels in the sea and fish in water". The number of gravels and fish in the world is supposed to represent the number of the child's luck and fortune.
- Literally "where water eventually goes". Because water is free to go anywhere, the child is blessed with boundless well-being wherever he goes.
- Literally "where clouds originally come". Because clouds come from anywhere, this is similar to the above.
- Literally "where wind originally comes". Similar to the above.
- Literally "places to eat and sleep". It is fortunate to be free from hunger and shelterlessness.
- Literally "places to live". Same as above.
- Yaburakōji-no burakōji
- Literally "Ardisia japonica bushes in Yabura Trail". The plant's modern Japanese name is yabukōji, also known as spearflower, and it is considered to be imbued with energy year-round. "Yabura" has no obvious meaning but may be from yabukōji shortened with the pluralizing ra.
- Paipo, Shūringan, Gūrindai, Ponpokopī, Ponpokonā
- These are invented names of a kingdom and the royal family in ancient China. Paipo was a rich and peaceful kingdom, where King Shūringan and his queen Gūrindai reigned. They gave birth to Princess Ponpokopī and Princess Ponpokonā, and all of them enjoyed longevity. These names, while not sounding particularly Chinese, sound foreign even to Japanese, and can be seen as satirical towards the complexity of classical Chinese names.
- Literally "long and lasting life".
- Literally "blessed for a long time".
The story of Tikki Tikki Tembo, a popular American children's story published under the auspices of being a retelling of a Chinese folktale, is much more similar to Jugemu than anything in Chinese culture and its sources may have been directly copied from a Jugemu account.
Lakitu, the cloud-riding turtle-dropping enemy character of the Super Mario Bros. video game series is called Jugemu in Japanese versions of the game. In a similar reference, the eggs Lakitu drop, which turn into Spinies, are referred to as Paipo in Japan, despite only being referred to as "Spiny's Eggs" or "Spiny Eggs" in English.
Jugemu (#40) is a colossal underground monster appearing to be only a tiny twig with a single leaf on the surface in the video game Star Ocean: Blue Sphere.
In a 4-Koma Theater for the Fullmetal Alchemist manga series, nameless "Scar" character reveals he shares his name with Jugemu in a yonkoma; King Bradley then reveals that it happens to be his real name. They continue saying it while preparing for battle, until "Scar" bites his tongue.
A monkey with a similar name appears in several episodes of Gintama'.
Lucy from Servant x Service also shares the similar fate as Jugemu (having a long name with a similar origin) and when she first reveals her name her co-workers remark that she's a "modern day Jugemu Jugemu".
"寿限無". 古典落語109. Retrieved 17 January 2012.